5 1961-1985 chronology

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Rudolf Nureyev defects, Amnesty International founded, Freedom Riders, television is a "vast wasteland", Dwight D. Eisenhower, a "military–industrial complex", John F. Kennedy, One Hundred and One Dalmatians is released, the Peace Corps established, Twenty-third Amendment [D.C. vote], Bay of Pigs Invasion, Fidel Castro, Judy Garland comeback concert, first Major League Baseball All-Star Game tie, Berlin Wall, Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color, , Dag Hammarskjöld, West Side Story is released, Checkpoint Charlie, U Thant


United States President Dwight D. Eisenhower announces that the United States has severed diplomatic and consular relations with Cuba. Cuba–United States relations are later restored in 2015.

Dashiell Hammett, American writer dies.

At the National Reactor Testing Station near Idaho Falls, atomic reactor SL-1 explodes, killing three military technicians.

British authorities announce that they have discovered a large Soviet spy ring in London.

President Dwight Eisenhower gives his final State of the Union Address to Congress. In a Farewell Address the same day, he warns of the increasing power of a "military–industrial complex."

Barry Fitzgerald, Irish actor dies.

John F. Kennedy inaugurated as President of the U.S.

One Hundred and One Dalmatians is released in cinemas.


The United States tests its first Minuteman I intercontinental ballistic missile.

Dazzy Vance, American baseball player (Brooklyn Dodgers) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame dies.

Discovery of the chemical elements: Element 103, Lawrencium, is first synthesized in Berkeley, California.


United States President John F. Kennedy establishes the Peace Corps.

The first U.S. Polaris submarines arrive at Holy Loch.

South Africa announces it will withdraw from the Commonwealth of Nations upon becoming a republic (31 May). The nation rejoins the organization in 1994.

The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, allowing residents of Washington, D.C. to vote in presidential elections.


The trial of Nazi Adolf Eichmann begins in Jerusalem.

The Bay of Pigs Invasion of Cuba begins; it fails by April 19.

The 33rd Academy Awards ceremony is held.

Fidel Castro announces that the Bay of Pigs Invasion has been defeated.

Judy Garland performs in a legendary comeback concert at Carnegie Hall in New York City.


U.S. Freedom Riders begin interstate bus rides to test the new U.S. Supreme Court integration decision.

In a speech on "Television and the Public Interest" to the National Association of Broadcasters, FCC chairman Newton N. Minow describes commercial television programming as a "vast wasteland".

Gary Cooper, American actor, better known for his role in High Noon dies.

A Freedom Riders bus is fire-bombed near Anniston, Alabama and the civil rights protestors are beaten by an angry mob of Ku Klux Klan members.

J. Heinrich Matthaei alone performs the Poly-U-Experiment and is the first person to recognize and understand the genetic code. This is the birthdate of modern genetics.

Park Chung-hee takes over in a military coup in South Korea.

Alabama Governor John Patterson declares martial law in an attempt to restore order after race riots break out.

Freedom Riders are arrested in Jackson, Mississippi for "disturbing the peace" after disembarking from their bus.

President Kennedy announces before a special joint session of Congress his goal to put a man on the Moon before the end of the decade.

Peter Benenson's article "The Forgotten Prisoners" is published in several internationally read newspapers. This is later considered the founding of the human rights organization Amnesty International.


George S. Kaufman, American playwright dies.

Russian ballet dancer Rudolf Nureyev requests asylum in France while in Paris with the Kirov Ballet.

Carl Jung, Swiss psychiatrist dies.

Iraqi president Abd al-Karim Qasim announces he is going to annex Kuwait (such an annexation of Kuwait would occur in 1990).Kuwait requests British help; the United Kingdom sends in troops.


The Soviet submarine K-19 reactor leak occurs in the North Atlantic.

Baseball legend Ty Cobb dies at the age of 74 at Emory University Hospital.

U.S. President John F. Kennedy gives a widely watched TV speech on the Berlin crisis, warning "we will not be driven out of Berlin." Kennedy urges Americans to build fallout shelters, setting off a four-month debate on civil defense.

At Fenway Park in Boston, the first Major League Baseball All-Star Game tie occurs, when the game is stopped in the 9th inning due to rain (the only tie until 2002).

Ernest Hemingway, American writer, Nobel Prize laureate (suicide) dies.

Ireland submits the first application from a non-founding country to join the European Economic Community.


The Six Flags Over Texas theme park officially opens to the public.

The United Kingdom applies for membership in the European Economic Community.

Construction of the Berlin Wall begins, restricting movement between East Berlin and West Berlin and forming a clear boundary between West Germany and East Germany, Western Europe and Eastern Europe. On August 22 Ida Siekmann jumps from a window in her tenement building trying to flee to the West, becoming the first of at least 138 people to die at the Wall.


Tom and Jerry make a return with their first episode since 1958 , Switchin' Kitten. The new creator, Gene Deitch, makes 12 more Tom and Jerry episodes until 1962.

United Nations Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjöld dies in an air crash en route to Katanga, Congo.

In the U.S., the Walt Disney anthology television series, renamed Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color, moves from ABC to NBC after seven years on the air, and begins telecasting its programs in color for the first time. Years later, after Disney's death, the still-on-the-air program will be renamed The Wonderful World of Disney.


Baseball player Roger Maris of the New York Yankees hits his 61st home run in the last game of the season, against the Boston Red Sox, setting a new record for the longer baseball season. The record for the shorter season is still held by Babe Ruth.

West Side Story is released as a film in the United States.

Confrontation at Checkpoint Charlie: A standoff between Soviet and American tanks in Berlin, Germany heightens Cold War tensions.

Chico Marx, American comedian dies.

Devrim, the first ever car designed and produced in Turkey, is released. The project has been completed in only 130 days almost from scratch, a period including decision on the project, research, design, development and production of four vehicles.

Joseph Stalin's body is removed from the Lenin Mausoleum.


The Interstate Commerce Commission's federal order banning segregation at all interstate public facilities officially comes into effect.

The United Nations General Assembly unanimously elects U Thant to the position of acting Secretary-General.

James Thurber, American humorist dies.

The U.S. government issues a stamp honoring the 100th birthday of James Naismith.

Catch-22 by Joseph Heller is first published.

Stalingrad is renamed Volgograd.

Michael Rockefeller, son of New York Governor and later Vice President Nelson Rockefeller, disappears in the jungles of New Guinea.

U.S. President John F. Kennedy sends 18,000 military advisors to South Vietnam.

The funeral of longtime House Speaker Sam Rayburn is held in Washington, D.C.


In a nationally broadcast speech, Cuban leader Fidel Castro announces he is a Marxist–Leninist, and that Cuba will adopt socialism.

Moss Hart, American dramatist dies.

The American involvement in the Vietnam War officially begins, as the first American helicopters arrive in Saigon along with 400 U.S. personnel.

Edith Bolling Galt Wilson, First Lady of the United States from 1915-21 dies.

Adolf Eichmann is pronounced guilty of crimes against humanity by a panel of three Israeli judges, and sentenced to death.

Walt Disney's first live-action Technicolor musical, Babes in Toyland, a remake of the famous Victor Herbert operetta, is released, but flops at the box office.

Anna Mary Robertson Moses aka Grandma Moses, painter dies.

An Israeli war crimes tribunal sentences Adolf Eichmann to death for his part in The Holocaust.

Born in 1961
Julia Louis-Dreyfus, American actress, producer and comedian; Wayne Gretzky, Canadian hockey player; Henry Rollins, American musician and activist; Steven Weber, American actor; Rick Steiner, American professional wrestler; Sam Bowie, American basketball player; Dana Reeve, American actress, singer and activist (d. 2006); Christopher Meloni, American actor; Eddie Murphy, African-American actor and comedian; George Lopez, American actor and comedian; George Clooney, American actor; Melissa Etheridge, American musician; El DeBarge, African-American singer; Michael J. Fox, Canadian-American actor, producer, and author; Aaron Sorkin, American screenwriter, producer, and playwright; Curt Smith, British musician and lead singer and keyboardist of rock group Tears For Fears; Ricky Gervais, English comedian, actor, writer and director.; Diana, Princess of Wales, British Princess and first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales (d. 1997); Carl Lewis, American athlete; Toby Keith, American country music singer; Forest Whitaker, American actor and film director; Woody Harrelson, American actor and comedian; Laurence Fishburne, American actor and film director; Barack Obama, 44th President of the United States; Roland Orzabal, British musician and songwriter; Billy Ray Cyrus, American actor and singer; Bam Bam Bigelow, American professional wrestler (d. 2007); James Gandolfini, American actor (d. 2013); Bonnie Hunt, American actress, comedian, writer, director and television producer; Heather Locklear, American actress; Edward M. Kennedy Jr., son of U.S. Senator Ted Kennedy; Wynton Marsalis, African-American trumpeter and composer; Dylan McDermott, American actor; Randy Jackson, African-American musician; k.d. lang, Canadian singer and songwriter; Ralph Macchio, American actor; Jeff Probst, American television personality; Nadia Comăneci, Romanian gymnast; Meg Ryan, American actress and film director; Mariel Hemingway, American actress; Ann Coulter, American author, conservative commentator and attorney; Sean Hannity, American radio/television host and conservative commentator; Ben Johnson, Canadian athlete






Cuban Missile Crisis, Pope John XXIII excommunicates Fidel Castro, United States embargo against Cuba, NBC Peacock debut, First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy, Bob Dylan's debut album, Wilt Chamberlain's 100-point game, Taco Bell founded, The Beatles, Dodger Stadium opens, Target discount stores open, Andy Warhol, Telstar, Rolling Stones debut, Marilyn Monroe is found dead from an overdose, Berlin Wall, John F. Kennedy, end of the Golden Age of Radio, Dr. No, Cuban Missile Crisis, Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, That Was the Week That Was , The 1962–63 New York City newspaper strike, Mona Lisa tours the United States


The Beatles audition for Decca Records but are rejected. .

NBC introduces the "Laramie peacock" before a midnight showing of the series Laramie in the United States. .

Lucky Luciano, American gangster dies.

Pope John XXIII excommunicates Fidel Castro .

New York City introduces a subway train that operates without a crew on board. .

The Organization of American States suspends Cuba's membership. The suspension is lifted in 2009. .


The United States embargo against Cuba is announced.

The United States embargo against Cuba comes into effect, prohibiting all U.S.-related Cuban imports and exports.

Captured American spy pilot Francis Gary Powers is exchanged for captured Soviet spy Rudolf Abel in Berlin.

First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy takes television viewers on a tour of the White House.

Project Mercury: While aboard Friendship 7, John Glenn became the first American to orbit the Earth, three times in 4 hours, 55 minutes.


Wilt Chamberlain's 100-point game: Wilt Chamberlain scored 100 points in a single National Basketball Association basketball game. .

Bob Dylan's debut album is released in the United States. .

Taco Bell fast food restaurant chain is founded by Glen Bell in Downey, California. .

Baker v. Carr: The U.S. Supreme Court rules that federal courts can order state legislatures to reapportion seats. .


The 34th Academy Awards ceremony is held; West Side Story wins Best Picture. .

Clara Blandick, ("Auntie Em") American actress dies (suicide).

In Los Angeles, the first MLB baseball game is played at Dodger Stadium. .


Dayton Hudson Corporation opens the first of its Target discount stores in Roseville, Minnesota. .

Twelve East Germans escape via a tunnel under the Berlin Wall. .

The Centralia mine fire is ignited in Pennsylvania. .

Nazi Adolf Eichmann is hanged at a prison in Ramla, Israel. His body is cremated and his ashes scattered over the Mediterranean. .


Engel v. Vitale: The United States Supreme Court rules that mandatory prayers in public schools are unconstitutional. .

Adolf Eichmann, German SS officer and a major organizer of the Holocaust dies (executed).

MANual Enterprises v. Day: The United States Supreme Court rules that photographs of nude men are not obscene, decriminalizing nude male pornographic magazines. .

Rachel Carson's Silent Spring begins serialization in The New Yorker; it is released as a book on September 27 in the U.S., giving rise to the modern environmentalist movement. .


A heavy smog develops over London. .

Charles de Gaulle accepts Algerian independence; France recognizes it the next day. .

The first Walmart store, at this time known as Wal-Mart (which remains the corporate name), opens for business in Rogers, Arkansas. .

American artist Andy Warhol premieres his Campbell's Soup Cans exhibit in Los Angeles. .

AT&T's Telstar, the world's first commercial communications satellite, is launched into orbit and activated the next day. .

The Rolling Stones make their debut at London's Marquee Club, Number 165 Oxford Street, opening for Long John Baldry. .

The "Small Boy" test shot Little Feller I became the last atmospheric test detonation at the Nevada Test Site. .

William Faulkner, American writer, Nobel Prize laureate dies. Telstar relayed the first live trans-Atlantic television signal.

The first armed helicopter company of the United States Army is formed at Okinawa, Japan. .


Marilyn Monroe is found dead from an overdose of sleeping pills and chloral hydrate at her home in Brentwood, Los Angeles; officially ruled a "probable suicide" (the exact cause has been disputed).

Nelson Mandela is arrested by the South African government near Howick and charged with incitement to rebellion.

East German border guards kill 18-year-old Peter Fechter as he attempts to cross the Berlin Wall into West Berlin.

A failed assassination attempt is made against French President Charles de Gaulle.

NASA launches the Mariner 2 space probe.


Typhoon Wanda strikes Hong Kong, killing at least 130 and injuring more than 600.

The Soviet Union agrees to send arms to Cuba.

E. E. Cummings, American poet dies.

President John F. Kennedy, at a speech at Rice University, reaffirms that the U.S. will put a man on the moon by the end of the decade.

A border conflict between China and India erupts into fighting.

21-year-old Bob Dylan premieres one of his most preeminent songs, "A Hard Rain's a-Gonna Fall", in the U.S.

The animated sitcom The Jetsons premieres on ABC in the U.S.

CBS broadcasts the final episodes of Suspense and Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar, marking the end of the Golden Age of Radio in the United States.


The first black student, James Meredith, registers at the University of Mississippi, escorted by Federal Marshals.

Frank Lovejoy, American actor dies.

Johnny Carson takes over as permanent host of NBC's The Tonight Show in the U.S., a post he will hold for 30 years.

Lucille Ball and Vivian Vance returned to TV with The Lucy Show, two years after the end of I Love Lucy. (Vance was the first person to portray a divorcée on a weekly series.)

Mercury-Atlas 8 – Walter Schirra orbits the Earth six times in the Sigma 7 space capsule.

The French National Assembly censures the proposed referendum to sanction presidential elections by popular mandate; Prime Minister Georges Pompidou resigns, but President de Gaulle asks him to stay in office.

The Beatles' first single in their own right, "Love Me Do"/"P.S. I Love You", is released in the U.K. on EMI's Parlophone label. This version was recorded on September 4 at Abbey Road Studios in London with Ringo Starr as drummer.

Dr. No, the first James Bond film, premieres at the London Pavilion, featuring Sean Connery as the hero.

The beginning of Sino-Indian War, a border dispute involving two of the world's largest nations (India and the People's Republic of China).

Pope John XXIII convenes the first ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church in 92 years.

The infamous Columbus Day Storm strikes the U.S. Pacific Northwest with wind gusts up to 170 mph (270 km/h); 46 are killed, 11 billion board feet (26 million m³) of timber is blown down, with $230 million U.S. in damages.

Broadway debut of Edward Albee's drama Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?.

The beginning of the Cuban Missile Crisis: A U-2 flight over Cuba in the Caribbean photographs Soviet nuclear weapons being installed. A stand-off then ensues for another 12 days after President Kennedy is told of the pictures, between the United States and the Soviet Union, threatening the world with nuclear war.

In a televised address, U.S. President John F. Kennedy announces to the nation the existence of Soviet missiles in Cuba.

Cuban Missile Crisis: First confrontation between the U.S. Navy and a Soviet cargo vessel. The vessel changes course.

The end of the Cuban Missile Crisis: Soviet Union leader Nikita Khrushchev announces that he has ordered the removal of Soviet missile bases in Cuba. In a secret deal between Kennedy and Khrushchev, Kennedy agrees to the withdrawal of U.S. missiles from Turkey. The fact that this deal was not made public makes it look as though the Soviets have backed down.


The Soviets begin dismantling their missiles in Cuba.

Earliest recorded use of the term "personal computer" in the report of a speech by computing pioneer John Mauchly in The New York Times.

Richard M. Nixon loses the California governor's race. In his concession speech, he states that this is "Richard Nixon's last press conference" and "you won't have Nixon to kick around any more".

Dulles International Airport in Washington, D.C., dedicated by President John F. Kennedy.

Eleanor Roosevelt, American politician, diplomat and activist, First Lady of the United States dies

.In response to the Soviet Union agreeing to remove its missiles from Cuba, President John F. Kennedy ends the blockade of the island.

The first episode of the groundbreaking satirical comedy program That Was the Week That Was, hosted by David Frost is broadcast on BBC Television in the U.K.

French President Charles De Gaulle orders Georges Pompidou to form a government.

The United Nations General Assembly elects U Thant of Burma as the new Secretary-General of the United Nations.


The 1962–63 New York City newspaper strike begins, affecting all of the city's major newspapers; It will last for 114 days.

David Lean's epic film Lawrence of Arabia, featuring Peter O'Toole, Omar Sharif, Alec Guinness, Jack Hawkins and Anthony Quinn, premieres in London. Six days later it opens in the U.S.

Charles Laughton, English actor and director dies.

Leonardo da Vinci's early 16th-century painting the Mona Lisa is assessed for insurance purposed at US$100 million before touring the United States for several months, the highest insurance value for a painting in history. However, the Louvre, its owner, chooses to spend the money that would have been spent on the insurance premium on security instead.

Winter of 1962–63 in the United Kingdom: The "Big Freeze" begins; there are no frost-free nights until March 5, 1963.

Cuba releases the last 1,113 participants in the Bay of Pigs Invasion to the U.S., in exchange for food worth $53 million.

o Born in 1962
Jim Carrey, Canadian actor and comedian; Creflo Dollar, American evangelist;Clint Black, American country musician; Axl Rose, American rock singer; Garth Brooks, American country musician; Eddie Izzard, British actor and comedian; Sheryl Crow, American singer-songwriter; Lou Diamond Phillips, American actor; Steve Irwin, Australian herpetologist and TV personality (d. 2006); Jon Bon Jovi, American singer (Bon Jovi); Jackie Joyner-Kersee, American athlete; Herschel Walker, American football player; Taylor Dayne, American singer; Darryl Strawberry, American baseball player; Matthew Broderick, American actor; Rosie O'Donnell, American comedian, actress and talk-show host; Star Jones, American talk show host and publisher; MC Hammer (Stanley Kirk Burrell), American rapper; Jeff Dunham, American ventriloquist; Emilio Estevez, American actor; Craig Ferguson, Scottish-American actor, comedian, and TV host; Genie Francis, American actress; Bobcat Goldthwait, American actor and comedian; Brandon Cruz, American child actor and punk rocker; Ally Sheedy, American actress; Paula Abdul, American dancer, choreographer and singer; Clyde Drexler, American basketball player; Tom Cruise, American actor; Pam Shriver, American tennis player; Wesley Snipes, American actor and martial artist; Roger Clemens, American baseball player; Patrick Ewing, Jamaican-born basketball player; Steve Carell, American actor and comedian; Craig Kilborn, American talk show host; Mark L. Walberg, American TV show host Chris Christie, American politician and 55th Governor of New Jersey; Kristy McNichol, American actress; Rob Morrow, American actor; Tommy Lee, American rock musician and drummer; Joan Cusack, American actress and comedian; Kelly Preston, American actress; Evander Holyfield, American boxer' David Furnish, Canadian filmmaker, director and producer; Demi Moore, American actress; Judy Gold, American comedian and actress; Jodie Foster, American actress and director; Jon Stewart, American actor, comedian, media critic, television personality, and former host of The Daily Show (1999-2015)' Andrew McCarthy, American actor' Bo Jackson, American football and baseball player ; Tracy Austin, American tennis player; Ralph Fiennes, English actor; Mark Few, American basketball coach; Bill Self, American basketball coach






Pope John XXII diesI; John F. Kennedy; Mona Lisa is exhibited in the United States; George Wallace becomes governor of Alabama; The Beatles record their debut album Please Please Me; The Feminine Mystique; Patsy Cline (Virginia Patterson Hensley) is killed; Gideon v. Wainwright; Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary; New York City newspaper strike; ZIP codes are introduced; "Ich bin ein Berliner" speech; Medgar Evers; Bob Dylan; Tab; Martin Luther King, Jr.; "Letter from Birmingham Jail"; Lawrence of Arabia; General Hospital debuts.


The Viet Cong win their first major victory in the Battle of Ap Bac.

Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa is exhibited in the United States for the first time, at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.

George Wallace becomes governor of Alabama. In his inaugural speech, he defiantly proclaims "segregation now, segregation tomorrow, and segregation forever!"

French President Charles de Gaulle vetoes the United Kingdom's entry into the European Common Market.


Travel, financial and commercial transactions by United States citizens to Cuba are made illegal by the John F. Kennedy Administration.

The Central Intelligence Agency's Domestic Operations Division is created in the United States.

The Beatles record their debut album Please Please Me in a single day at the Abbey Road Studios in London.

American-born poet Sylvia Plath commits suicide in London.

Harold Wilson becomes leader of the opposition Labour Party in the United Kingdom; in October 1964 he became prime minister.

The publication of Betty Friedan's The Feminine Mystique launches the reawakening of the Women's Movement in the United States as women's organizations and consciousness raising groups spread.


In Paris, six people are sentenced to death for conspiring to assassinate President Charles de Gaulle. De Gaulle pardons five, but the other conspirator, Jean Bastien-Thiry, is executed by firing squad several days later.

In Camden, Tennessee, country music superstar Patsy Cline (Virginia Patterson Hensley) is killed in a plane crash along with fellow performers Hawkshaw Hawkins, Cowboy Copas and Cline's manager and pilot Randy Hughes, while returning from a benefit performance in Kansas City, Kansas, for country radio disc jockey "Cactus" Jack Call.

Gideon v. Wainwright: The Supreme Court of the United States rules that state courts are required to provide counsel in criminal cases for defendants who cannot afford to pay their own attorneys.

The Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay closes; the last 27 prisoners are transferred elsewhere at the order of United States Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy.

The Beatles release their first album, Please Please Me, in the United Kingdom.

March 28 – Director Alfred Hitchcock's film The Birds is released in the United States.

The 1962–63 New York City newspaper strike ends after 114 days.


The long-running soap opera General Hospital debuts on ABC Television in the United States.

Southern Christian Leadership Conference volunteers kick off the Birmingham campaign (Birmingham, Alabama) against racial segregation in the United States with a sit-in. The 35th Academy Awards ceremony is held. Lawrence of Arabia wins Best Picture.

British statesman Sir Winston Churchill becomes an honorary citizen of the United States.

Martin Luther King Jr., Ralph Abernathy, Fred Shuttlesworth and others are arrested in a Birmingham, Alabama protest for "parading without a permit".

Martin Luther King, Jr. issues his "Letter from Birmingham Jail".

Buddy Rogers becomes the first WWWF Champion.


The Coca-Cola Company introduces its first diet drink, Tab cola.

Thousands of blacks, many of them children, are arrested while protesting segregation in Birmingham, Alabama. Public Safety Commissioner Eugene "Bull" Connor later unleashes fire hoses and police dogs on the demonstrators. Dr. No, the first James Bond film, is shown in U.S. theaters.

CVS Pharmacy opens in Lowell, Massachusetts.

The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan is singer-songwriter Bob Dylan's second studio album, and most influential, opening with the song "Blowin' in the Wind", released by Columbia Records.


Pope John XXIII dies.

President John F. Kennedy signs Executive Order 11110, authorizing the Secretary of the Treasury to issue silver certificates.

Medgar Evers, African-American civil rights activist dies.

President John F. Kennedy delivers his American University speech, "A Strategy of Peace", in Washington, D.C.

Alabama Governor George Wallace stands in the door of the University of Alabama to protest against integration, before stepping aside and allowing blacks James Hood and Vivian Malone to enroll.

Frank Baker, American baseball player (Philadelphia Athletics) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame dies.

President John F. Kennedy broadcasts a historic Civil Rights Address, in which he promises a Civil Rights Bill, and asks for "the kind of equality of treatment that we would want for ourselves".

Medgar Evers is murdered in Jackson, Mississippi. (His killer, Byron De La Beckwith, is convicted in 1994.)

Valentina Tereshkova the first woman in space, returns to Earth.

Establishment of the Moscow–Washington hotline (officially, the Direct Communications Link or DCL; unofficially, the "red telephone".

Pope Paul VI (Giovanni Battista Montini) succeeds Pope John XXIII as the 262nd pope.

John F. Kennedy gives his "Ich bin ein Berliner" speech in West Berlin, East Germany.


ZIP codes are introduced by the United States Postal Service.


The United States, United Kingdom, and Soviet Union sign the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.

W. E. B. Du Bois, American civil rights activist dies.

The Great Train Robbery takes place in Buckinghamshire, England.

Clifford Odets, American playwright dies.

James Meredith becomes the first black person to graduate from the University of Mississippi.

Estes Kefauver, American politician dies.

Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his "I Have a Dream" speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial to an audience of at least 250,000, during the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.


The Pro Football Hall of Fame opens in Canton, Ohio with 17 charter members.

The 16th Street Baptist Church bombing, in Birmingham, Alabama, kills 4 and injures 22.


Hurricane Flora.

Sam Cooke and his band are arrested after trying to register at a "whites only" motel in Louisiana. In the months following, he records the song "A Change Is Gonna Come".

Édith Piaf, French singer and actress dies.

The thousandth day of John F. Kennedy's presidency.

Demolition of the 1910 Pennsylvania Station begins in New York City, continuing until 1966.

Jean Cocteau, French writer dies.

The car manufacturing firm Lamborghini is founded in Italy.

Adolphe Menjou, American actor dies.

74 die in a gas explosion during a Holiday on Ice show at the Indiana State Fair Coliseum in Indianapolis.


11 German miners are rescued from a collapsed mine after 14 days in what became known as the "Wunder von Lengede" ("miracle of Legend").

C. S. Lewis, Irish-born British critic, novelist (The Chronicles of Narnia) and Christian apologist dies.

Malcolm X makes an historic speech in Detroit, Michigan ("Message to the Grass Roots").

Aldous Huxley, British writer (Brave New World) dies.

The first push-button telephone is made available to AT&T customers.

Lyndon B. Johnson is sworn in as U.S. President after assassination of John F. Kennedy.

Robert Stroud, American prisoner, known as the "Birdman of Alcatraz" dies.

Assassination of John F. Kennedy: In a motorcade in Dallas, Texas, U.S. President John F. Kennedy is fatally shot by Lee Harvey Oswald, and Governor of Texas John Connally is seriously wounded. Upon Kennedy's death, Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson becomes President of the United States. A few hours later, President Johnson is sworn in aboard Air Force One, as Kennedy's body is flown back to Washington, D.C. Stores and businesses shut down for the entire weekend and Monday, in tribute.

The Beatles' second UK album, With the Beatles, is released.

Ngô Đình Nhu, South Vietnamese military leader dies (assassinated).

Ngô Đình Diệm, President of South Vietnam dies (assassinated).

The first episode of the BBC television series Doctor Who is broadcast in the United Kingdom. J. D. Tippit, American police officer with the Dallas Police Department dies.

Lee Harvey Oswald, assassin of John F. Kennedy, is shot dead by Jack Ruby in Dallas, an event seen on live national television.

New U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson confirms that the United States intends to continue supporting South Vietnam militarily and economically.

State funeral of John F. Kennedy: President Kennedy is buried at Arlington National Cemetery. Schools around the nation cancel classes that day; millions watch the funeral on live international television.

Elsa Maxwell, American gossip columnist dies.

U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson establishes the Warren Commission to investigate the assassination of John F. Kennedy.


The Warren Commission begins its investigation into the assassination of John F. Kennedy.

Tony Verna, a CBS-TV director, debuts an improved version of instant replay during his direction of a live televised sporting event, the Army–Navy Game of college football played in Philadelphia. This instance is notable as it was the first instant replay system to use videotape instead of film.

Frank Sinatra, Jr. is kidnapped at Harrah's Lake Tahoe.

Chuck Yeager narrowly escapes death while testing an NF-104A rocket-augmented aerospace trainer when his aircraft goes out of control at 108,700 feet (nearly 21 miles up) and crashes. He parachutes to safety at 8,500 feet after vainly battling to gain control of the powerless, rapidly falling craft. In this incident he becomes the first pilot to make an emergency ejection in the full pressure suit needed for high altitude flights.

Walt Disney releases his 18th feature-length animated motion picture The Sword in the Stone, about the boyhood of King Arthur. It is the penultimate animated film personally supervised by Disney.

The Beatles' "I Want to Hold Your Hand" and "I Saw Her Standing There" are released in the United States, marking the beginning of Beatlemania on an international level.

Date unknown Harvey Ball invents the ubiquitous smiley face symbol.

The iconic Porsche 911 is first produced.

Born in 1963
Dave Foley, Canadian actor and comedian; Joshua Kadison, American singer-songwriter; Michael Jordan, American former professional basketball player; Larry the Cable Guy, American actor and comedian; Seal, English singer; Charles Barkley, American basketball player; Daniel Roebuck, American actor; Joel Osteen, American televangelist and son of John Osteen; Vanessa Williams, African-American beauty queen, actress, and singer; Dave Koz, American jazz musicianQuentin Tarantino, American actor, director, writer, and producer; Graham Norton, Irish comedian and talk show host; Julian Lennon, British musician, son of John Lennon; Joe Scarborough, American newscaster; Garry Kasparov, Russian chess player; Eric McCormack, Canadian actor; Conan O'Brien, American television entertainer and talk show hostValerie Plame, former United States CIA Operations officer; Johnny Depp, American actor and film director; Helen Hunt, American actress; The Sandman, American professional wrestler; Greg Kinnear, American actor; George Michael, British pop musician, lead singer of Wham! (d. 2016); Brigitte Nielsen, Danish actress; Phoebe Cates, American actress; Karl Malone, American basketball player; Lisa Kudrow, American actress; Whitney Houston, African-American singer (d. 2012); Andrew Sullivan, British-born American blogger and political commentator; John Stamos, American actor; Tori Amos, American singer; Richard Marx, American pop/rock singer; Mark McGwire, American baseball player' Daniel Pearl, American journalist (d. 2002); Norm Macdonald, Canadian comedian; Brian Boitano, American figure skater; Natalie Merchant, American singer, songwriter, and musician; Dermot Mulroney, American actor; Vinny Testaverde, American football player; Terri Schiavo, American right-to-die cause célèbre (d. 2005); Benjamin Bratt, American actor; Brad Pitt, American actor and film producer ; Jennifer Beals, American actress; Jim Harbaugh, American football player and coach






Tunneling under the Berlin Wall, Lyndon B. Johnson, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Goldfinger, "muscle car", Plans to build the New York City World Trade Center are announced, Barry Goldwater, Free Speech Movement, Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer premieres,Free Speech Movement, Lenny Bruce, Pontiac GTO, The Who, Nikita Khrushchev is deposed, Shindig! Premieres, Bewitched, The Warren Commission Report, Gulf of Tonkin, Mary Poppins world premiere, South Vietnam, North Vietnam, South Korean President Park Chung-hee, Nelson Mandela and 7 others are sentenced to life imprisonment in South Africa, Congress of Racial Equality, White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, Bourbon whiskey is a "distinctive product of the United States", The Beatles, Lilies of the Field, The Rolling Stones, the Great Society, Shea Stadium opens, Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor marry (for the first time), The United States Supreme Court rules that under the First Amendment, speech criticizing political figures cannot be censored., The Great Alaskan earthquake, Jimmy Hoffa, Malcolm X, Cassius Clay, Twenty-fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution, outlawing the poll tax


U.S. Senator Barry Goldwater announces that he will seek the Republican nomination for President.

In his first State of the Union Address, U.S. President Lyndon Johnson declares a "War on Poverty".

Introducing... The Beatles is released by Chicago's Vee-Jay Records to get the jump on Capitol Records' release of Meet the Beatles! , scheduled for January 20. The two record companies fight over Vee-Jay's release of this album in court.

United States Surgeon General Luther Terry reports that smoking may be hazardous to one's health (the first such statement from the U.S. government).

Musical Hello, Dolly! opens in New York's St. James Theatre.

John Glenn announces that he will seek the Democratic nomination for U.S. Senator from Ohio.

Alan Ladd, American actor dies.

Roald Dahl's Charlie and the Chocolate Factory is published by Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. in the United States.

Plans to build the New York City World Trade Center are announced.

Meet the Beatles!, the first Beatles album from Capitol Records in the United States, is released ten days after Chicago's Vee-Jay Records releases Introducing... The Beatles. The two record companies battle it out in court for months, eventually coming to a conclusion.

Thirteen years after its proposal and nearly 2 years after its passage by the United States Senate, the 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution, prohibiting the use of poll taxes in national elections, is ratified.

U.S. Senator Margaret Chase Smith, 66, announces her candidacy for the Republican presidential nomination.

Ranger 6 is launched by NASA, on a mission to carry television cameras and crash-land on the Moon.


The Beatles vault to the #1 spot on the U.S. singles charts for the first time, with "I Want to Hold Your Hand", starting the British Invasion in America.

The Government of the United States authorizes the Twenty-fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution, outlawing the poll tax.

A Jackson, Mississippi, jury, trying Byron De La Beckwith for the murder of Medgar Evers in June 1963, reports that it cannot reach a verdict, resulting in a mistrial.

The Beatles arrive from England at New York City's JFK International Airport, receiving a tumultuous reception from a throng of screaming fans, marking the first occurrence of "Beatlemania" in the United States.

The Beatles appear on The Ed Sullivan Show, marking their first live performance on American television. Seen by an estimated 73 million viewers, the appearance becomes the catalyst for the mid-1960s "British Invasion" of American popular music.

Chrysler's second generation hemi racing engine debuts at the Daytona 500. The 426 hemi-powered Plymouth of Richard Petty (#43) wins. Hemi-powered Plymouths finish 1-2-3.

Cassius Clay (later Muhammad Ali) beats Sonny Liston in Miami Beach, Florida, and is crowned the heavyweight champion of the world.


Teamsters President Jimmy Hoffa is convicted by a federal jury of tampering with a federal jury in 1962.

Malcolm X, suspended from the Nation of Islam, says in New York City that he is forming a black nationalist party.

Boxer Cassius Clay announces the change of his name to Muhammad Ali.

New York Times Co. v Sullivan (376 US 254 1964): The United States Supreme Court rules that under the First Amendment, speech criticizing political figures cannot be censored.

The first Ford Mustang rolls off the assembly line at Ford Motor Company.

A Dallas, Texas, jury finds Jack Ruby guilty of killing John F. Kennedy assassin Lee Harvey Oswald.

Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor marry (for the first time) in Montreal.

Peter Lorre, Hungarian-born actor dies.

U.S. Defense Secretary Robert McNamara delivers an address that reiterates American determination to give South Vietnam increased military and economic aid, in its war against the Communist insurgency.

(The Great Alaskan earthquake, the second most powerful known (and the most powerful earthquake in the United States) at a magnitude of 9.2, strikes Southcentral Alaska, killing 125 people and inflicting massive damage to the city of Anchorage.

Merv Griffin's game show Jeopardy! debuts on NBC; Art Fleming is its first host.


The Beatles hold the top 5 positions in the Billboard Top 40 singles in America, an unprecedented achievement. The top songs in America as listed on April 4, in order, are: Can't Buy Me Love, Twist and Shout, She Loves You, I Want to Hold Your Hand, and Please Please Me.

Douglas MacArthur, U.S. Army general, Supreme Allied Commander in Japan after World War II dies.

Demolition of the Polo Grounds sports stadium commences in New York City.

The 36th Academy Awards ceremony is held. Sidney Poitier is the first African-American to win an Academy Award in the category Best Actor in a Leading Role in Lilies of the Field.

The Rolling Stones release their debut album, The Rolling Stones.

Sentences totaling 307 years are passed on 12 men who stole £2.6m in used bank notes, after holding up the night mail train traveling from Glasgow to London in August 1963 – a heist that became known as the Great Train Robbery.

In the United States, the Ford Mustang is officially unveiled to the public.

Shea Stadium opens in Flushing, New York.


Some 400–1,000 students march through Times Square, New York, and another 700 in San Francisco, in the first major student demonstration against the Vietnam War. Smaller marches also occur in Boston, Seattle, and Madison, Wisconsin.

Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor, American-born politician dies.

The United States Congress recognized Bourbon whiskey as a "distinctive product of the United States".

Twelve young men in New York City publicly burn their draft cards to protest the war; the first such act of war resistance.

The United States State Department says that more than 40 hidden microphones have been found embedded in the walls of the U.S. Embassy in Moscow.

Jawaharlal Nehru, Prime Minister of India dies.

Nelson Rockefeller defeats Barry Goldwater in the Oregon Republican primary, slowing but not stalling Goldwater's drive toward the nomination.


South Korean President Park Chung-hee declares martial law in Seoul, after 10,000 student demonstrators overpower police.

In Federal Court in Kansas City, Kansas, army deserter George John Gessner, 28, is convicted of passing United States secrets to the Soviet Union.

The U.S. Senate votes cloture of the Civil Rights Bill after a 75-day filibuster.

Violet Attlee, Countess Attlee, wife of former British PM Clement Attlee dies.

Pennsylvania Governor William Scranton announces his candidacy for the Republican Presidential nomination, as part of a 'stop-Goldwater' movement.

Nelson Mandela and 7 others are sentenced to life imprisonment in South Africa, and sent to the Robben Island prison.

The Ford GT40 makes its first appearance at the 24 Hours of Le Mans. It does not see its first victory, however, until 1966. At the same event, the AC Cobra wins its class in its second Le Mans appearance.

Three Congress of Racial Equality workers are abducted and murdered near Philadelphia, Mississippi, by local members of the White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan with local law enforcement officials involved in the conspiracy. Their bodies are not found until August 4.


President Lyndon Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964 into law, officially abolishing racial segregation in the United States.

Jim Reeves, American country singer dies.

U.S. military personnel announce that U.S. casualties in Vietnam have risen to 1,387, including 399 dead and 17 MIA.

At the Republican National Convention in San Francisco, U.S. presidential nominee Barry Goldwater declares that "extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice", and "moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue".

Six days of race riots begin in Harlem.

At a rally in Saigon, South Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyễn Khánh calls for expanding the war into North Vietnam.

The U.S. sends 5,000 more military advisers to South Vietnam, bringing the total number of United States forces in Vietnam to 21,000.


The Final Looney Tune, "Señorella and the Glass Huarache", is released before the Warner Bros. Cartoon Division is shut down by Jack Warner.

Gracie Allen, American actress and comedian (Burns And Allen) dies.

United States destroyers USS Maddox and USS Turner Joy are attacked in the Gulf of Tonkin. Air support from the carrier USS Ticonderoga sinks one gunboat, while the other two leave the battle.

Operation Pierce Arrow – Aircraft from carriers USS Ticonderoga and USS Constellation bomb North Vietnam in retaliation for strikes against U.S. destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin.

Ian Fleming, British writer dies.

The United States Congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, giving U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson broad war powers to deal with North Vietnamese attacks on U.S. forces.

A Rolling Stones gig in Scheveningen gets out of control. Riot police end the gig after about 15 minutes, upon which spectators start to fight the riot police.

The Democratic National Convention in Atlantic City nominates incumbent President Lyndon B. Johnson for a full term, and U.S. Senator Hubert Humphrey of Minnesota as his running mate.

Mary Poppins has its world premiere in Los Angeles. It will go on to become Disney's biggest moneymaker, and winner of 5 Academy Awards, including a Best Actress award for Julie Andrews, who accepted the part after she was passed over by Jack L. Warner for the leading role of Eliza Doolittle in the film version of My Fair Lady. Mary Poppins is the first Disney film to be nominated for Best Picture.

Flannery O'Connor, American writer dies.

Philadelphia 1964 race riot


The London Daily Herald ceases publication, replaced by The Sun.

Shindig! premieres on the ABC, featuring the top musical acts of the Sixties.

Seán O'Casey, Irish writer dies.

Goldfinger opens in the UK.

Bewitched, starring Elizabeth Montgomery, premieres on ABC.

Harpo Marx, American comedian (Marx Brothers) dies.

Jonny Quest premieres on ABC

The Warren Commission Report, the first official investigation of the assassination of United States President John F. Kennedy, is published.


Herbert Hoover, 31st President of the United States dies.

Dr. Robert Moog demonstrates the prototype Moog synthesizer.

Three thousand student activists at University of California, Berkeley, surround and block a police car from taking a CORE volunteer arrested for not showing his ID, when he violated a ban on outdoor activist card tables. This protest eventually explodes into the Berkeley Free Speech Movement.

The Kinks release their first album, Kinks.

Twenty-three men and thirty-one women escape to West Berlin through a narrow tunnel under the Berlin Wall.

Cole Porter, American composer (You're The Top) dies.

American civil rights movement leader Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. becomes the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, which was awarded to him for leading non-violent resistance to end racial prejudice in the United States.

Nikita Khrushchev is deposed as leader of the Soviet Union; Leonid Brezhnev and Alexei Kosygin assume power.

The Labour Party wins the parliamentary elections in the United Kingdom, ending 13 years of Conservative Party rule. The new prime minister is Harold Wilson.

The film version of the hit Broadway stage musical My Fair Lady premieres in New York City. The movie stars Audrey Hepburn in the role of Eliza Doolittle and Rex Harrison repeating his stage performance as Professor Henry Higgins, and which will win him his only Academy Award for Best Actor. The film will win seven other Academy Awards, including Best Picture, but Audrey Hepburn will not be nominated. Critics interpret this as a rebuke to Jack L. Warner for choosing Ms. Hepburn over Julie Andrews.

A collection of irreplaceable gemstones, including the 565 carats (113.0 g) Star of India, is stolen from the American Museum of Natural History in New York City.

Eddie Cantor, American actor, comedian and dancer dies.

Campaigning at Madison Square Garden, New York, U.S. President Lyndon Johnson pledges the creation of the Great Society.


Incumbent President Lyndon B. Johnson defeats Republican challenger Barry Goldwater with over 60 percent of the popular vote.

Bob Pettit (St. Louis Hawks) becomes the first American National Basketball Association player to score 20,000 points.

The Verrazano–Narrows Bridge across New York Bay opens to traffic (the world's longest suspension bridge at this time).

NASA launches the Mariner 4 space probe from Cape Kennedy toward Mars to take television pictures of that planet in July 1965.

United States National Security Council members, including Robert McNamara, Dean Rusk, and Maxwell Taylor, agree to recommend a plan for a 2-stage escalation of bombing in North Vietnam, to President Lyndon B. Johnson.


U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson and his top-ranking advisers meet to discuss plans to bomb North Vietnam (after some debate, they agree on a 2-phase bombing plan).

Berkeley Free Speech Movement: Police arrest about 800 students at the University of California, Berkeley, following their takeover of and massive sit-in at the Sproul Hall administration building. The sit-in most directly protested the U.C. Regents' decision to punish student activists for what many thought had been justified civil disobedience earlier in the conflict.

The 1-hour stop-motion animated special Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer, based on the popular Christmas song, premieres on NBC. It becomes a beloved Christmas tradition, still being shown on television more than 50 years later.

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo, Norway.

Sam Cooke, African-American singer and songwriter was shot and killed at a motel in Los Angeles, California

Che Guevara addresses the U.N. General Assembly.

The deadly Christmas flood of 1964 begins; It becomes one of the most destructive weather events to affect Oregon in the 20th century.

The James Bond film Goldfinger begins its run in U.S. theaters. It becomes one of the most successful and popular Bond films ever made.

Comedian Lenny Bruce is sentenced to 4 months in prison, concluding a 6-month obscenity trial.

Percy Kilbride, American actor dies.

The Cleveland Browns defeat the Baltimore Colts, 27-0, in the National Football League Championship Game.

[Date unknown]

The Pontiac GTO, the first vehicle to be officially dubbed a "muscle car", debuts as a trim of the Pontiac Tempest.

Pete Townshend of The Who destroys his first guitar in the name of auto-destructive art at the Railway Hotel, London.

Born in 1964
Nicolas Cage, American actor; Michelle Obama, First Lady of the United States; Bridget Fonda, American actress; Laura Linney, American actress; Glenn Beck, American conservative broadcaster; Sarah Palin, American politician, former Governor of Alaska; Wanda Sykes, African-American comedian and actress; Steve Wilkos, American retired police officer; talk show host; Neneh Cherry, Swedish-born singer-songwriter; Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, British prince and third son (youngest child) of Elizabeth II and The Duke of Edinburgh; Rob Lowe, American actor; Tracy Chapman, African-American singer; Sigurd Haveland, Gibraltarian triathlete and cyclist; mRussell Crowe, New Zealand-born actor; Caroline Rhea, Canadian actress and comedian; Crispin Glover, American actor; Melissa Gilbert, American actress and president of the Screen Actors Guild; Stephen Colbert, American comedian and television personality; host of The Late Show with Stephen Colbert; John Salley, American basketball player and talk show host; Lenny Kravitz, American singer, songwriter, and actor; Wynonna Judd, American country singer; Courteney Cox, American actress; Amy Brenneman, American actress; Courtney Love, American musician/actress; Wendy Williams, African-American former radio host and current talk show host; John Leguizamo, Colombian-American actor; David Spade, American comedian, actor and television personality; Barry Bonds, African-American baseball player; Sandra Bullock, American actress and film producer; Mary-Louise Parker, American actress; Keanu Reeves, Lebanese-born Canadian actor and musician; Anthony Weiner, U.S. Representative for New York's 9th congressional district; Faith Ford, American actress; Trisha Yearwood, American country singer; Janeane Garofalo, American actress and comedian; CeCe Winans, African-American Christian musician; Ty Pennington, American carpenter, model and television personality; Calista Flockhart, American actress; Patrick Warburton, American actor; Diana Krall, Canadian jazz pianist and singer; Don Cheadle, African-American actor; Marisa Tomei, American actress; Teri Hatcher, American actress; Steve Austin, American professional wrestler; George Newbern, American actor






Sonny & Cher, Lyndon B. Johnson, War on Poverty, Voting Rights Act of 1965, The Beatles, Bob Dylan, burning of draft cards, Hurricane Betsy, Fidel Castro, Che Guevara, Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965, Pope Paul VI, Anti-war protests, Gateway Arch, Viet Cong, Days of Our Lives debuts, Vietnam, A Charlie Brown Christmas, debuts, Ferdinand Marcos, funeral of Sir Winston Churchill, "Great Society", Malcolm X is assassinated, The Sound of Music premieres


U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson proclaims his "Great Society" during his State of the Union address.

The unmanned Gemini 2 is launched on a suborbital test of various spacecraft systems.

Lyndon B. Johnson is sworn in for his own full term as U.S. President.

The state funeral of Sir Winston Churchill takes place in London with the largest assembly of statesmen in the world until the 2005 funeral of Pope John Paul II.


A new red and white maple leaf design is inaugurated as the flag of Canada, replacing the Union Flag and the Canadian Red Ensign.

Joan Rivers makes her Tonight Show debut.

African-American Muslim minister and human rights activist Malcolm X is assassinated in New York City.

A new, revised, color production of Rodgers and Hammerstein's Cinderella airs on CBS. Lesley Ann Warren makes her TV debut in the title role. The show becomes an annual tradition.


The United States Air Force 2d Air Division, United States Navy and Republic of Vietnam Air Force begin a 3½-year aerial bombardment campaign against North Vietnam.

The film of The Sound of Music premieres at the Rivoli Theater in New York City.

Bloody Sunday: Some 200 Alabama State Troopers attack 525 civil rights demonstrators in Selma, Alabama as they attempt to march to the state capitol of Montgomery.

Some 3,500 United States Marines arrive in Da Nang, South Vietnam, becoming the first American ground combat troops in Vietnam.

The second attempt to march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama, under the leadership of Martin Luther King, Jr., stops at the bridge that was the site of Bloody Sunday, to hold a prayer service and return to Selma, in obedience to a court restraining order. White supremacists beat up white Unitarian Universalist minister James J. Reeb later that day in Selma.

Goldie, a London Zoo golden eagle, is recaptured 12 days after her escape.

White Unitarian Universalist minister James J. Reeb, beaten by White supremacists in Selma, Alabama on March 9 following the second march from Selma, dies in a hospital in Birmingham, Alabama.

President Lyndon B. Johnson makes his "We Shall Overcome" speech.

Police clash with 600 SNCC marchers in Montgomery, Alabama. In Montgomery, Alabama, 1,600 civil rights marchers demonstrate at the Courthouse.

In response to the events of March 7 and 9 in Selma, Alabama, President Lyndon B. Johnson sends a bill to Congress that forms the basis for the Voting Rights Act of 1965. It is passed by the Senate May 26, the House July 10, and signed into law by President Johnson August 6.

A United States federal judge rules that SCLC has the lawful right to march to Montgomery, Alabama to petition for 'redress of grievances'.

The wreck of the SS Georgiana, reputed to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser ever built, is discovered off the Isle of Palms, South Carolina, by teenage diver E. Lee Spence, exactly 102 years after she was sunk with a million dollar cargo, while attempting to run past the Union blockade into Charleston.

The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 begins.

Martin Luther King, Jr. leads 3,200 civil rights activists in the third march from Selma, Alabama to the capitol in Montgomery.

Martin Luther King, Jr. and 25,000 civil rights activists successfully end the 4-day march from Selma, Alabama, to the capitol in Montgomery.

Funeral services are held for Detroit homemaker Viola Liuzzo, who was shot dead by 4 Klansmen as she drove marchers back to Selma at night after the civil rights march.


At the 37th Academy Awards, My Fair Lady wins 8 Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Best Director. Rex Harrison wins an Oscar for Best Actor. Mary Poppins takes home 5 Oscars. Julie Andrews wins an Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance in the title role. Sherman Brothers receives 2 Oscars including Best Song, "Chim Chim Cher-ee".

The Intelsat I ("Early Bird") communications satellite is launched. It becomes operational May 2 and is placed in commercial service in June.

In Houston, the Harris County Domed Stadium (more commonly known as the Astrodome) opens.

Charlie Brown and the Peanuts Gang appear on the cover of Time.

The 1965 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak: An estimated 51 tornadoes (47 confirmed) hit in 6 Midwestern states, killing between 256 and 271 people and injuring some 1,500 more.

In Cold Blood killers Richard Hickock and Perry Smith, convicted of murdering 4 members of the Herbert Clutter family of Holcomb, Kansas, are executed by hanging at the Kansas State Penitentiary for Men in Lansing, Kansas.

April 17 – The first Students for a Democratic Society march against the Vietnam War draws 25,000 protestors to Washington, D.C.

The bodies of Portuguese opposition politician Humberto Delgado and his secretary Arajaryr Moreira de Campos are found in a forest near Villanueva del Fresno, Spain (they were killed February 12).

In the Dominican Republic, officers and civilians loyal to deposed President Juan Bosch mutiny against the right-wing junta running the country, setting up a provisional government. Forces loyal to the deposed military-imposed government stage a countercoup the next day, and civil war breaks out, although the new government retains its hold on power.

U.S. troops occupy the Dominican Republic.

Prime Minister of Australia Robert Menzies announces that the country will substantially increase its number of troops in South Vietnam, supposedly at the request of the Saigon government (it is later revealed that Menzies had asked the leadership in Saigon to send the request at the behest of the Americans

). Australia announces that it is sending an infantry battalion to support the South Vietnam government.


The Battle of Dong-Yin occurs as a conflict between Taiwan and the People's Republic of China.

A tornado outbreak near the Twin Cities in Minnesota kills 13 and injures 683.

The U.S. Steel freighter SS Cedarville collides with the SS Topdalsfjord and sinks near the Mackinac Bridge, killing 25. 10 are rescued from the Cedarville, the 3rd largest lake ship to sink after its sister the SS Carl D. Bradley, and the SS Edmund Fitzgerald.

Pianist Vladimir Horowitz returns to the stage after a 12-year absence, performing a legendary concert in Carnegie Hall in New York.

The largest antiwar teach-in to date begins at Berkeley, California, attended by 30,000.

Several hundred Vietnam War protesters in Berkeley, California, march to the Draft Board again to burn 19 more cards. Lyndon Johnson is hung in effigy.

The first skateboarding championship is held.

Muhammad Ali knocks out Sonny Liston in the first round of their championship rematch with the "Phantom Punch" at the Central Maine Civic Center in Lewiston.


The first contingent of Australian combat troops arrives in South Vietnam.

Gemini 4: Astronaut Edward Higgins White makes the first U.S. space walk.

Battle of Dong Xoai: About 1,500 Viet Cong mount a mortar attack on Đồng Xoài, overrunning its military headquarters and the adjoining militia compound.

A planned anti-Vietnam War protest at The Pentagon becomes a teach-in, with demonstrators distributing 50,000 leaflets in and around the building.


Sonny & Cher release I Got You Babe which would go on to #1 in the US, UK & Canada

U.S. spacecraft Mariner 4 flies by Mars, becoming the first spacecraft to return images from the Red Planet.

Four F-4C Phantoms escorting a bombing raid at Kang Chi are targeted by antiaircraft missiles, in the first such attack against American planes in the war. One is shot down and the other 3 sustain damage.

Bob Dylan elicits controversy among folk purists by "going electric" at the Newport Folk Festival.

U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announces his order to increase the number of United States troops in South Vietnam from 75,000 to 125,000, and to more than double the number of men drafted per month - from 17,000 to 35,000.

The Beatles second movie Help! premieres.

U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Social Security Act of 1965 into law, establishing Medicare and Medicaid.


Cigarette advertising is banned on British television.

U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act of 1965 into law.

The Watts Riots begin in Los Angeles.

The rock group Jefferson Airplane debuts at the Matrix in San Francisco and begins to appear there regularly.

The Beatles perform the first stadium concert in the history of music, playing before 55,600 persons at Shea Stadium in New York City.

Operation Starlite: 5,500 United States Marines destroy a Viet Cong stronghold on the Van Tuong peninsula in Quảng Ngãi Province, in the first major American ground battle of the war. The Marines were tipped-off by a Viet Cong deserter who said that there was an attack planned against the U.S. base at Chu Lai.

Jonathan Myrick Daniels, an Episcopal seminarian from Keene, New Hampshire, is murdered in Hayneville, Alabama while working in the African-American civil rights movement.

Gemini 5 (Gordon Cooper, Pete Conrad) is launched on the first 1-week flight, as well as the first test of fuel cells for electrical power.

Casey Stengel announces his retirement after 55 years in baseball.

Rock musician Bob Dylan releases his influential album Highway 61 Revisited, featuring the song "Like a Rolling Stone".

President Johnson signs a law penalizing the burning of draft cards with up to 5 years in prison and a $1,000 fine.


In a follow-up to August's Operation Starlite, United States Marines and South Vietnamese forces initiate Operation Piranha on the Batangan Peninsula, 23 miles (37 km) south of the Chu Lai Marine base.

Dorothy Dandridge dies of a drug overdose. Sandy Koufax of the Los Angeles Dodgers pitches a perfect game in a baseball match against the Chicago Cubs. The opposing pitcher, Bob Hendley, allows only 1 run, which is unearned, and only one hit, making this the lowest-hit game (1) in baseball history. It is Koufax's fourth no-hitter in as many seasons.

Hurricane Betsy roars ashore near New Orleans with winds of 145 mph (233 km/h), causing 76 deaths and $1.42 billion in damage. The storm is the first hurricane to cause $1 billion in unadjusted damages, giving it the nickname "Billion Dollar Betsy". It is the last major hurricane to strike New Orleans until Hurricane Katrina 40 years later.

The infamous "bad sitcom" My Mother The Car premieres on NBC.

Comet Ikeya–Seki is first sighted by Japanese astronom/ers.

An USAF F-104 Starfighter piloted by Captain Philip Eldon Smith is shot down by a Chinese MiG-19 Farmer. The pilot is held until 15 March 1973.

Fidel Castro announces that anyone who wants to can emigrate to the United States.

The classic family sci-fi show Thunderbirds debuts on ITV in the U.K.


Fidel Castro announces that Che Guevara has resigned and left the country.

U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 which ends quotas based on national origin.

Pope Paul VI visits the United States. He appears for a Mass in Yankee Stadium and makes a speech at the United Nations.

The University of California, Irvine opens its doors.

Seven Japanese fishing boats are sunk off Guam by super typhoon Carmen; 209 are killed.

A brigade of South Korean soldiers arrive in South Vietnam.

The first group of Cuban refugees travels to the U.S.

The Catholic Worker Movement stages an anti-war protest in Manhattan. One draft card burner is arrested, the first under the new law.

Anti-war protests draw 100,000 in 80 U.S. cities and around the world.

Arthur M. Schlesinger, Sr., American historian died.

In St. Louis, Missouri, the 630-foot (190 m)-tall inverted catenary steel Gateway Arch is completed.

Near Da Nang, United States Marines repel an intense attack by Viet Cong forces, killing 56 guerrillas. A sketch of Marine positions is found on the dead body of a 13-year-old Vietnamese boy who sold drinks to the Marines the day before.


Henry A. Wallace, Vice President of the United States died.

Republican John Lindsay is elected mayor of New York City.

Quaker Norman Morrison, 32, sets himself on fire in front of The Pentagon.

Harry Blackstone, Sr., American magician died.

Martial law is announced in Rhodesia. The United Nations General Assembly accepts British intent to use force against Rhodesia if necessary by a vote of 82–9.

Pillsbury's world-famous mascot, the Pillsbury Doughboy, is created.

Operation Hump: The 173rd Airborne is ambushed by over 1,200 Viet Cong.

Dorothy Kilgallen, American newspaper columnist died.

The soap opera Days of Our Lives debuts on NBC.

United Airlines Flight 227 a Boeing 727-22, crashes short of the runway and catches fire at Salt Lake City International Airport in Salt Lake City; 43 out of 91 passengers and crew perish.

Battle of Ia Drang: In the Ia Drang Valley of the Central Highlands in Vietnam, the first major engagement of the war between regular United States and North Vietnamese forces begins.

Dickey Chapelle, American photojournalist died (killed in action).

The United Nations Security Council recommends that all states stop trading with Rhodesia.

Man of La Mancha opens in a Greenwich Village theatre in New York and eventually becomes one of the greatest musical hits of all time, winning a Tony Award for its star, Richard Kiley.

Soviet general Mikhail Kazakov assumes command of the Warsaw Pact.

Thousands of Vietnam War protesters picket the White House, then march on the Washington Monument.

The Pentagon tells U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson that if planned major sweep operations to neutralize Viet Cong forces during the next year are to succeed, the number of American troops in Vietnam will have to be increased from 120,000 to 400,000.

In response to U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson's call for "more flags" in Vietnam, Philippines President-elect Ferdinand Marcos announces he will send troops to help fight in South Vietnam.


The Beatles release Rubber Soul.

Charles de Gaulle is re-elected as French president with 10,828,421 votes.

W. Somerset Maugham, English writer died.

The Second Vatican Council closes.

A Charlie Brown Christmas, the first Peanuts television special, debuts on CBS, quickly becoming an annual tradition.

Gemini 6 and Gemini 7 perform the first controlled rendezvous in Earth orbit.

The Soviet Union announces that it has shipped rockets to North Vietnam.

The United Nations adopts the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.

David Lean's film of Doctor Zhivago, starring Omar Sharif and Julie Christie, is released.

Ferdinand Marcos becomes President of the Philippines.

Born in 1965
DJ Jazzy Jeff, African-American rapper and actor; Brandon Lee, Chinese-American actor (d. 1993); Maura Tierney, American actress; Chris Rock, African-American actor and comedian; Dr. Dre, African-American rapper and music producer; Jesse Jackson, Jr., African-American politician; The Undertaker, American professional wrestler ("The Undertaker"); Sarah Jessica Parker, American actress; Piers Morgan, British journalist and television personality; Robert Downey Jr., American actor; Jon Cryer, American actor; Martin Lawrence, African-American actor, comedian, and producer; Suge Knight, African-American record producer; Kevin James, American comedian and actor; John C. Reilly, American actor; Todd Bridges, African-American actor; Brooke Shields, American actress and supermodel; Elizabeth Hurley, English model and actress; Dan Jansen, American speedskater; Shawn Michaels, American professional wrestler; Slash (Saul Hudson), American rock musician (Guns N' Roses); Jeremy Piven, American actor; J. K. Rowling, English author; Viola Davis, African-American actress; Kyra Sedgwick, American actress; Shania Twain, Canadian country singer and songwriter; Lennox Lewis, British boxer; Charlie Sheen, American actor; Bashar al-Assad, President of Syria; Moby, American musician; Scottie Pippen, American basketball player; Kathleen Madigan, American comedian; Ty Pennington, American television presenter; Ben Stiller, American actor; Katarina Witt, German figure skater; Andy Dick, American actor






Irish Republican Army , The Beatles, Vietnam War, Pet Sounds, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr, the Cultural Revolution, National Organization for Women (NOW) is founded, Miranda rights, Civil rights , James Meredith, Groundbreaking takes place for the World Trade Center, Viet Cong, U Thant, Toyota Corolla is introduced, Lyndon B. Johnson, The Jungle Book, Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band , How the Grinch Stole Christmas.


A strike of public transportation workers in New York City begins (it would end January 13).

Pakistani–Indian peace negotiations end successfully in Tashkent. Indian prime minister Lal Bahadur Shastri dies the next day

Georgia House of Representatives refuses to seat Julian Bond.

Home of civil rights activist Vernon Dahmer in Hattiesburg, Mississippi, is firebombed. Dahmer's family escapes but he dies the next day from severe burns. (White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan Imperial Wizard Samuel Bowers will be unsuccessfully tried for this murder on four occasions, and then convicted in 1998.)

A conference on Rhodesia begins in Lagos, Nigeria

. The first SR-71 Blackbird spy plane goes into service at Beale AFB.

United States President Lyndon Johnson states that the United States should stay in South Vietnam until Communist aggression there is ended.

Robert C. Weaver becomes the first African-American Cabinet member, by being appointed United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.

About 8,000 U.S. soldiers land in South Vietnam; U.S. troops now total 190,000.

Indira Gandhi is elected Prime Minister of India; she is sworn in January 24.

The United Kingdom ceases all trade with Rhodesia.


TV series Mister Ed airs its final episode (ran 1961–66).

Billy Rose, American composer and band leader died.

The National Hockey League announces it will expand to 12 teams for the 1967 season.

The Tây Vinh Massacre occurs.

William Frawley, American actor (I Love Lucy) died. .

The Australian dollar is introduced at a rate of 2 dollars per pound, or 10 shillings per dollar.

Buster Keaton, American actor and film director died.

Gò Dài massacre

Sophie Tucker, American singer died.

British Prime Minister Harold Wilson calls a General Election in the United Kingdom, to be held on 31 March.

U.S. astronauts Charles Bassett and Elliot See are killed in an aircraft accident in St. Louis, Missouri.


The DKW automobile ceases production in Germany.

Soviet space probe Venera 3 crashes on Venus, becoming the first spacecraft to land on another planet's surface.

In an interview with London Evening Standard reporter Maureen Cleave, John Lennon of The Beatles states that they are "more popular than Jesus now".

The U.S. announces it will substantially increase the number of its troops in Vietnam.

Nelson's Pillar in O'Connell Street, Dublin, is clandestinely blown up by former Irish Republican Army volunteers marking this year's 50th anniversary of the Easter Rising.

Racial riots erupt in the Watts section of Los Angeles.

The Texas Western Miners defeat the Kentucky Wildcats with five African-American starters, ushering in desegregation in athletic recruiting.

Washington, D.C., General Motors President James M. Roche appears before a Senate subcommittee, and apologizes to consumer advocate Ralph Nader for the company's intimidation and harassment campaign against him.

Demonstrations are held across the United States against the Vietnam War.

The British Labour Party led by Harold Wilson wins the United Kingdom General Election, gaining a 96-seat majority (compared with a single seat majority when the election was called on February 28)

The Soviet Union launches Luna 10, which later becomes the first space probe to enter orbit around the Moon.


Luna 10 is the first manmade object to enter lunar orbit.

Evelyn Waugh, English author died. ).

Leonid Brezhnev becomes General Secretary of the Soviet Union, as well as Leader of the Communist Party of the U.S.S.R.

Time magazine cover story asks "Is God Dead?"

An anti-Nasser conspiracy is exposed in Egypt.

C. S. Forester, English author died.

The 38th Academy Awards ceremony is held. ).

Uniform daylight saving time is first observed in most parts of North America.


The Busch Memorial Stadium opens in St Louis, Missouri.

Pat O'Malley, American actor died.

The South Vietnamese army besieges Da Nang.

Tens of thousands of anti-war demonstrators again picket the White House, then rally at the Washington Monument.

The Communist Party of China issues the 'May 16 Notice', marking the beginning of the Cultural Revolution.

The legendary album Pet Sounds by The Beach Boys is released.

Bob Dylan's seminal album, Blonde on Blonde is released in the U.S.

In New York City, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. makes his first public speech on the Vietnam War.

Explorer program: Explorer 32 is launched.

It's a Small World opens at Disneyland.

Fidel Castro declares martial law in Cuba because of a possible U.S. attack.


The final new episode of The Dick Van Dyke Show airs (the first episode aired on October 3, 1961).

White House Conference on Civil Rights


Gemini 9: Gene Cernan completes the second U.S. spacewalk (2 hours, 7 minutes). .

Ed Wynn, American actor died.

Civil rights activist James Meredith is shot while traversing Mississippi in the March Against Fear..

Topeka, Kansas is devastated by a tornado that registers as an "F5" on the Fujita scale, the first to exceed US $100 million in damages. Sixteen people are killed, hundreds more injured, and thousands of homes damaged or destroyed, and the campus of Washburn University suffers catastrophic damage..

Chicago's Division Street riots begin, in response to police shooting of a young Puerto Rican man.

Miranda v. Arizona: The Supreme Court of the United States rules that the police must inform suspects of their rights before questioning them.

The Vatican abolishes the Index Librorum Prohibitorum (index of banned books).

Frank Zappa and The Mothers of Invention's debut album, Freak Out!, is released. It is an initial failure, but gains a massive cult following in subsequent years.

The gothic soap opera Dark Shadows premieres on ABC.

The National Organization for Women (NOW) is founded in Washington, D.C.


31 people are arrested when a demonstration by approximately 4,000 anti-Vietnam War protesters in front of the U.S. Embassy in London's Grosvenor Square turns violent

American President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Freedom of Information Act, which goes into effect the following year.

Montgomery Clift, American actor died.

Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) endorses goal of Black Power at well attended convention in Baltimore. Martin Luther King, Jr., and Roy Wilkins criticize this declaration.

A Warsaw Pact conference ends with a promise to support North Vietnam.

Richard Speck murders 8 student nurses in their Chicago dormitory. He is arrested on July 17.

British Prime Minister Harold Wilson flies to Moscow to try to start peace negotiations about the Vietnam War (the Soviet government rejects his ideas).


Lenny Bruce, American comedian died.

Sniper Charles Whitman kills 14 people and wounds 32 from atop the University of Texas at Austin Main Building tower, after earlier killing his wife and moth

er. Groundbreaking takes place for the World Trade Center.

Martin Luther King Jr. leads a civil rights march in Chicago, during which he is struck by a rock thrown from an angry white mob.

The Caesars Palace hotel and casino opens in Las Vegas.

Ed "Strangler" Lewis, professional wrestler died.

The Beatles' Revolver LP is released in the United Kingdom.

Race riots occur in Lansing, Michigan.

Lunar Orbiter 1, the first U.S. spacecraft to orbit the moon, is launched.

The Beatles hold a press conference in Chicago, during which John Lennon apologizes for his "more popular than Jesus" remark, saying, "I didn't mean it as a lousy anti-religious thing."

Massacre of Braybrook Street: Harry Roberts, John Duddy and Jack Witney shoot dead 3 plainclothes policemen in London; they are later sentenced to life imprisonment.

In the People's Republic of China, Mao Zedong begins the Cultural Revolution to purge and reorganize China's Communist Party.

Francis X. Bushman, American actor died.

It is announced that the New York Herald Tribune will not resume publication.

The House Un-American Activities Committee starts investigating Americans who have aided the Viet Cong, with the intent to make these activities illegal. Anti-war demonstrators disrupt the meeting and 50 are arrested.

Battle of Long Tan: D Company, 6th Battalion of the Royal Australian Regiment, meets and defeats a Viet Cong force estimated to be four times larger, in Phuoc Tuy Province, Republic of Vietnam.

Seven men are sentenced to death in Egypt, for anti-Nasser agitation.

The United Farm Workers Organizing Committee (UFWOC), predecessor of the United Farm Workers of America (UFW), is formed.

The Doors record their self-titled debut LP.

The Beatles end their US tour with a concert at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. It is their last performance as a live touring band.


United Nations Secretary-General U Thant declares that he will not seek re-election, because U.N. efforts in Vietnam have failed.

While waiting at a bus stop Ralph Baer, an inventor with Sanders Associates, writes a four-page document that lays out the basic principles for creating a video game to be played on a television: the beginning of a multibillion-dollar industry.

In Cape Town, South Africa, the architect of Apartheid, Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd, is stabbed to death by Dimitri Tsafendas during a parliamentary meeting.

Star Trek , the science fiction television series, debuts on NBC in the United States with its first episode, titled "The Man Trap".

The Metropolitan Opera House opens at Lincoln Center in New York.

Scotland Yard arrests Buster Edwards, suspected of involvement in the Great Train Robbery.


Bobby Seale and Huey P. Newton found the Black Panther Party.

The Toyota Corolla car is introduced.

LSD is made illegal in the United States and controlled so strictly that not only are possession and recreational use criminalized, but all legal scientific research programs on the drug in the US are shut down as well.

Clifton Webb, American actor died.

Vietnam War: Binh Tai Massacre.

U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs a bill creating the United States Department of Transportation.

Grace Slick performs live for the first time with Jefferson Airplane.

The AFL-NFL merger is approved by the U.S. Congress.

NATO moves its HQ from Paris to Brussels.

Elizabeth Arden, Canadian-born beautician and cosmetics entrepreneur died.

A fire aboard the aircraft carrier USS Oriskany in the Gulf of Tonkin kills 44 crewmen.


Actor Ronald Reagan is elected Governor of California.

Jack L. Warner sells Warner Bros. to Seven Arts Productions, which eventually becomes Warner Bros.-Seven Arts.

U.S. doctor Sam Sheppard is acquitted in his second trial for the murder of his pregnant wife in 1954.

The Beatles begin recording sessions for their Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band

L.P. The Washington Redskins defeat the New York Giants 72–41 in the highest scoring game in NFL history.

Truman Capote's Black and White Ball ('The Party of the Century') is held in New York City.


U Thant agrees to serve a second term as U.N. Secretary General.

U.S. Supreme Court rules in Bond v. Floyd that the Georgia House of Representatives must seat Julian Bond, having violated his First and Fourteenth Amendment rights.

Walt Disney, American animated film producer and founder of The Walt Disney Company and Disneyland Resort dies while producing The Jungle Book, the last animated feature under his personal supervision.

Bình Hòa massacre: Vietnam War.

How the Grinch Stole Christmas , narrated by Boris Karloff, is shown for the first time on CBS, beginning an annual Christmas tradition in the USA.

New York television station WPIX broadcasts its Christmas tradition, "The Yule Log" for the first time.

The first Kwanzaa is celebrated.

Born in 1966
C. Thomas Howell, American actor; Sinéad O'Connor, Irish pop singer; Fred Armisen, American actor, comedian and musician; Kiefer Sutherland, Canadian actor; David Schwimmer, American actor; Gordon Ramsay, Scottish chef, restaurateur, and television personality; David Cameron, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom; Luke Perry, American actor; Andy Richter, American actor, writer, comedian, and late night talk show announcer; Salma Hayek, Mexican-American actress; Adam Sandler, American actor and comedian; Soledad O'Brien, American television journalist and news anchor; Halle Berry, African-American actress; Dean Cain, American actor; John Cusack, American actor; Mary Stuart Masterson, American actress; Mike Tyson, African-American boxer; Kurt Browning, Canadian figure skater; Helena Bonham Carter, English actress; Stephen Baldwin, American actor; Janet Jackson, African-American singer; Lisa Stansfield, British soul singer; Edie Brickell, American singer; Rick Astley, British rock singer; Cindy Crawford, American model and actress; Rachel Dratch, American actress and comedianBilly Zane, American actor; Téa Leoni, American actress; Patrick Dempsey, American actor






National Hockey League adds six more teams, Evel Knievel, Magical Mystery Tour , Guess Who's Coming to Dinner, Jim Morrison is arrested on stage, Vietnam War ,Viet Cong, Jimi Hendrix Experience, Christiaan Barnard, Eugene McCarthy, Robert McNamara, Lyndon B. Johnson, William Westmoreland, Corporation for Public Broadcasting. established, "the Wise Men", Navy pilot John Mc Cain is shot down, Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi of Iran is crowned, Expo 67, The Jungle Book, Hair, Che Guevara captured, Love Is a Many Splendored Thing, Light My Fire, Thurgood Marshall, final episode of The Fugitive, Pink Floyd, The Piper at the Gates of Dawn, Lester Maddox, germ warfare, Summer of Love, "spaghetti Western", American Basketball Association is formed, Mark Twain Tonight, Jimmy Hoffa, Martin Luther King, Jr. , A Man for All Seasons, Muhammad Ali refuses military service, Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band nicknamed "The Soundtrack of the Summer of Love", Elvis Presley and Priscilla Beaulieu are married.


Ronald Reagan, past movie actor and future President of the United States, is inaugurated the new governor of California.

The Doors release their début album The Doors.

Charlie Chaplin launches his last film, A Countess from Hong Kong, in the UK.

USMC and ARVN troops launch Operation Deckhouse Five in the Mekong Delta.

Jack Ruby, American killer of Lee Harvey Oswald died.

Operation Cedar Falls starts.

Segregationist Lester Maddox is sworn in as Governor of Georgia.

Dr. James Bedford becomes the first person to be cryonically preserved with the intent of future resuscitation.

The New York Times reports that the U.S. Army is conducting secret germ warfare experiments.

The Human Be-In takes place in Golden Gate Park, San Francisco; the event sets the stage for the Summer of Love.

Louis Leakey announces the discovery of pre-human fossils in Kenya; he names the species Kenyapithecus africanus.

The Green Bay Packers defeat the Kansas City Chiefs 35-10 in the First AFL-NFL World Championship Game at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum.

A Fistful of Dollars, the first significant "spaghetti Western" film, is released in the United States.

In Munich, the trial begins of Wilhelm Harster, accused of the murder of 82,856 Jews (including Anne Frank) when he led German security police during the German occupation of the Netherlands. He is eventually sentenced to 15 years in prison.

The United Kingdom enters the first round of negotiations for European Economic Community membership in Rome.

American football: The Green Bay Packers defeat the Kansas City Chiefs 35-10 in the First AFL-NFL World Championship Game at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum.

In Munich, the trial begins of Wilhelm Harster, accused of the murder of 82,856 Jews (including Anne Frank) when he led German security police during the German occupation of the Netherlands. He is eventually sentenced to 15 years in prison.

U.S. astronauts Gus Grissom, Edward Higgins White, and Roger Chaffee are killed when fire breaks out in their Apollo spacecraft during a launch pad test.


The American Basketball Association is formed.

NASA launches Lunar Orbiter 3.

J. Robert Oppenheimer, American physicist died.

The Chinese government announces that it can no longer guarantee the safety of Soviet diplomats outside the Soviet Embassy building.

The 25th Amendment to the United States Constitution (presidential succession and disability) is ratified.

American researchers discover the Madrid Codices by Leonardo da Vinci in the National Library of Spain

Henry Morgenthau, Jr., United States Secretary of the Treasury during World War II died.

The Soviet Union announces that it has sent troops near the Chinese border.

New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison claims he will solve the John F. Kennedy assassination, and that a conspiracy was planned in New Orleans.

The 25th Amendment to the United States Constitution [Presidential succession] is enacted.

Smiley Burnette, American actor died.

Moscow forbids its satellite states to form diplomatic relations with West Germany.

The Dutch government supports British EEC membership.


Mark Twain Tonight starring Hal Holbrook as Mark Twain, premieres on CBS television in the United States.

U.S. labor union leader Jimmy Hoffa begins his 8-year sentence for attempting to bribe a jury. .

Joseph Stalin's daughter, Svetlana Alliluyeva, defects to the United States via the U.S. Embassy in New Delhi.

The first phase of the Cambodian Civil War begins between the Kingdom of Cambodia and the Khmer Rouge.

Nelson Eddy, American singer and actor died.

The Velvet Underground's groundbreaking first album, The Velvet Underground & Nico, is released in the United States. It is initially a commercial failure but receives widespread critical and commercial acclaim in later years.

The body of U.S. President John F. Kennedy is moved to a permanent burial place at Arlington National Cemetery.

The classic Pirates of the Caribbean attraction opens at Disneyland, California.

Charles Manson is released from Terminal Island. Telling the authorities that prison had become his home, he requested permission to stay. Upon his release, he relocates to San Francisco where he spends the Summer of Love.

In New York City, 10,000 gather for the Central Park be-in.

Pope Paul VI issues the encyclical Populorum progressio.

A 13-day TV strike begins in the United States.


Martin Luther King, Jr. denounces the Vietnam War during a religious service in New York City. .

Six-Day War (approach): Israeli fighters shoot down 7 Syrian MIG-21s. .

The first Boeing 737 (a 100 series) takes its maiden flight. .

Konrad Adenauer, 1st Chancellor of West Germany and Christian Democratic leader died.

The AFTRA strike is settled just in time for the 39th Academy Awards ceremony to be held, hosted by Bob Hope. Best Picture goes to A Man for All Seasons.

Oral arguments begin in the landmark U.S. Supreme Court case Loving v. Virginia, 388 U.S. 1 (1967), challenging the State of Virginia's statutory scheme to prevent marriages between persons solely on the basis of racial classifications. .

In San Francisco, 10,000 march against the Vietnam War. .

Large demonstrations are held against the Vietnam War in New York City and San Francisco. .

The Surveyor 3 probe lands on the Moon. .

In the NBA, the Philadelphia 76ers defeat the San Francisco Warriors 125-122 in game six to win the title. Some say this team is arguably the greatest of all time. .

Montreal, Quebec, Expo 67, a World's Fair to coincide with the Canadian Confederation centennial, officially opens with Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson igniting the Expo Flame in the Place des Nations. .

In Houston, Texas, boxer Muhammad Ali refuses military service. He is stripped of his boxing title and not allowed to fight for three years. .

Expo 67 opens to the public, with over 310,000 people attending. Al Carter from Chicago is the first visitor as noted by Expo officials. .

The U.S. aerospace manufacturer McDonnell Douglas is formed through a merger of McDonnell Aircraft and Douglas Aircraft (it becomes part of The Boeing Company three decades later). .


Elvis Presley and Priscilla Beaulieu are married in Las Vegas. .

Langston Hughes, American writer died.

The Toronto Maple Leafs win the Stanley Cup. It is their last Stanley Cup and last finals appearance to date. It will turn out to be the last game in the Original Six era. Six more teams will be added in the fall. .

Harold Wilson announces that the United Kingdom has decided to apply for EEC membership. .

Lunar Orbiter 4 is launched by the United States. .

Claude Rains, British actor died.

The United Kingdom and Ireland apply officially for European Economic Community membership. .

Syria mobilizes against Israel. .

President Gamal Abdal Nasser of Egypt demands withdrawal of the peacekeeping UN Emergency Force in the Sinai. U.N. Secretary-General U Thant complies (May 18). .

Tennessee Governor Ellington repeals the "Monkey Law" (officially the Butler Act). .

The Soviet Union ratifies a treaty with the United States and the United Kingdom, banning nuclear weapons from outer space. .

Billy Strayhorn, American composer and pianist died.

Yuri Andropov becomes KGB chief. .

Egypt closes the Straits of Tiran to Israeli shipping, blockading Israel's southern port of Eilat, and Israel's entire Red Sea coastline. .


Dorothy Parker, American writer died.

Moshe Dayan becomes Israel's Minister of Defense.

The Beatles release Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, nicknamed "The Soundtrack of the Summer of Love"; it will be number one on the albums charts throughout the summer of 1967.

Murderer Richard Speck is sentenced to death in the electric chair for killing 8 student nurses in Chicago.

Six-Day War begins: Israel occupies the West Bank, Gaza Strip, Sinai Peninsula and Golan Heights after defeating its Arab neighbors.

Spencer Tracy, American actor died.

USS Liberty incident: Israeli fighter jets and Israeli warships fire at the USS Liberty off Gaza, killing 34 and wounding 171.

Six-Day War ends: Israel and Syria agree to a United Nations-mediated cease-fire.

The Soviet Union severs diplomatic relations with Israel.

Loving v. Virginia: The United States Supreme Court declares all U.S. state laws prohibiting interracial marriage to be unconstitutional.

Attorney General Thurgood Marshall is nominated as the first African American justice of the United States Supreme Court.

Mariner 5 is launched toward Venus.

Jayne Mansfield, American actress died (car accident).

400 million viewers watch Our World, the first live, international, satellite television production. It features the live debut of The Beatles' song "All You Need Is Love".

The first automatic cash machine (voucher-based) is installed, in the office of the Barclays Bank in Enfield, England.

Israel declares the annexation of East Jerusalem.


Canada celebrates its first one hundred years of Confederation.

The EEC joins with the European Coal and Steel Community and the European Atomic Community, to form the European Communities (from the 1980s usually known as European Community [EC]).

Vivien Leigh, English actress died.

All You Need Is Love is released in the UK.

1967 Newark riots: After the arrest of an African-American cab driver for allegedly illegally driving around a police car and gunning it down the road, race riots break out in Newark, New Jersey, lasting 6 days and leaving 26 dead.

John Coltrane, American jazz saxophonist died.

The Bee Gees release their first international album Bee Gees' 1st in the UK.

Near Newark, New Jersey, the Plainfield, NJ, riots also occur.

A race riot breaks out in the North Side of Minneapolis on Plymouth Street during the Minneapolis Aquatennial Parade; businesses are vandalized and fires break out in the area, although the disturbance is quelled within hours. However, the next day a shooting sets off another incident in the same area that leads to 18 fires, 36 arrests, 2 dozen people injured, and damages totaling 4.2 million. There will be two more such incidents in the following two weeks.

Jimmie Foxx, American baseball player died.

The town of Winneconne, Wisconsin, announces secession from the United States because it is not included in the official maps and declares war. Secession is repealed the next day.

12th Street Riot: In Detroit, one of the worst riots in United States history begins on 12th Street in the predominantly African American inner city: 43 are killed, 342 injured and 1,400 buildings burned.

During an official state visit to Canada, French President Charles de Gaulle declares to a crowd of over 100,000 in Montreal: Vive le Québec libre! (Long live free Quebec!). The statement, interpreted as support for Quebec independence, delights many Quebecers but angers the Canadian government and many English Canadians.

An explosion and fire aboard the U.S. Navy aircraft carrier USS Forrestal in the Gulf of Tonkin leaves 134 dead.

Carl Sandburg, American poet died.

The 1967 Milwaukee race riots begin, lasting through August 2 and leading to a ten-day shutdown of the city from August 1.


Race riots in the United States spread to Washington, D.C..

Pink Floyd releases their debut album The Piper at the Gates of Dawn in the United Kingdom.

Paul Muni, Polish actor died.

A pulsar is noted by Jocelyn Bell and Antony Hewish. The discovery is first recorded in print in 1968: "An entirely novel kind of star came to light on Aug. 6 last year [...]". The date of the discovery is not recorded.

The People's Republic of China agrees to give North Vietnam an undisclosed amount of aid in the form of a grant.

A general strike in the old quarter of Jerusalem protests Israel's unification of the city.

Henry J. Kaiser, American industrialist died.

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is founded in Bangkok, Thailand.

Operation Cochise: United States Marines begin a new operation in the Que Son Valley.

The first line-up of Fleetwood Mac makes their live debut at the Windsor Jazz and Blues Festival .

Joe Orton, English playwright died (murdered).

The People's Republic of China announces that it has shot down United States planes violating its airspace.

American Nazi Party leader George Lincoln Rockwell is assassinated in Arlington, Virginia.

Beatles manager Brian Epstein is found dead in his locked bedroom.

The final episode of The Fugitive airs on ABC. The broadcast attracts 78 million viewers, one of the largest audiences for a single episode in U.S. television history.

Thurgood Marshall is confirmed as the first African American Justice of the United States Supreme Court.


The United States Marines launch a search and destroy mission; the ensuing 4-day battle in Que Son Valley kills 114 Americans and 376 North Vietnamese.

Ilse Koch, Nazi German war criminal --"The Bitch of Buchenwald" died.

Jim Morrison and The Doors defy CBS censors on The Ed Sullivan Show, when Morrison sings the word "higher" from their #1 hit Light My Fire, despite having been asked not to.

Love Is a Many Splendored Thing debuts on U.S. daytime television and is the first soap opera to deal with an interracial relationship. CBS censors find it too controversial and ask for it to be stopped, causing show creator Irna Phillips to quit.

The RMS Queen Mary arrives in Southampton at the end of her last transatlantic crossing.


Southern California's Pacific Ocean Park closes down, known as the "Disneyland By The Sea".

Guerrilla leader Che Guevara and his men are captured in Bolivia; they are executed the following day.

Clement Attlee, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom died.

Thirty-nine people, including singer-activist Joan Baez, are arrsted in Oakland, California, for blocking the entrance of that city's military induction center.

The musical Hair opens off-Broadway. It moves to Broadway the following April.

Students at the University of Wisconsin–Madison protest over recruitment by Dow Chemical on the University campus; 76 are injured in the resulting riot.

Walt Disney's 19th full-length animated feature The Jungle Book, the last animated film personally supervised by Disney, is released and becomes an enormous box-office and critical success. On a double bill with the film is the (now) much less well-known true-life adventure,Charlie the Lonesome Cougar.

The Venera 4 probe descends through the Venusian atmosphere.

The Mariner 5 probe flies by Venus.

Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi of Iran is officially crowned.

Woody Guthrie, American folk musician died.

U.S. Navy pilot John McCain is shot down over North Vietnam and made a POW. His capture will be announced in the NY Times and Washington Post two days later.

Charles de Gaulle vetoes British entry into the European Economic Community again.

The Montreal, Quebec Expo 67 closes, having received over 50 million attendees.


U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson holds a secret meeting with a group of the nation's most prestigious leaders ("the Wise Men") and asks them to suggest ways to unite the American people behind the war effort. They conclude that the American people should be given more optimistic reports on the progress of the war.

U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967, establishing the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.

Carl B. Stokes is elected mayor of Cleveland, Ohio, becoming the first African American mayor of a major United States city.

NASA launches the first Saturn V rocket, successfully carrying the unmanned Apollo 4 test spacecraft from Cape Kennedy into Earth orbit.
In a propaganda ceremony in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 3 United States prisoners of war are released by the Viet Cong and turned over to "New Left" antiwar activist Tom Hayden.

John Nance Garner, U.S. Vice President died.

Acting on optimistic reports he was given on November 13, U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson tells his nation that, while much remains to be done, "We are inflicting greater losses than we're taking...We are making progress." (2 months later the Tet Offensive by the Viet Cong makes it appear, to those watching news reports, progress is not being made.)

United States General William Westmoreland tells news reporters: "I am absolutely certain that whereas in 1965 the enemy was winning, today he is certainly losing."

Beatles release Magical Mystery Tour in the U.S. as a full album. The songs added to the original six songs on the double EP include "All You Need Is Love", "Penny Lane", "Strawberry Fields Forever", "Baby, You're a Rich Man" and "Hello, Goodbye". Release as a double EP will not take place in the UK until December.

U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara announces his resignation to become president of the World Bank. This action is due to U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson's outright rejection of McNamara's early November recommendations to freeze troop levels, stop bombing North Vietnam and hand over ground fighting to South Vietnam.

U.S. Senator Eugene McCarthy announces his candidacy for the Democratic Party presidential nomination, challenging incumbent President Lyndon B. Johnson over the Vietnam War.


The Jimi Hendrix Experience releases Axis: Bold as Love.

Bert Lahr, American actor died.

The RMS Queen Mary is retired. Her place is taken by the RMS Queen Elizabeth 2.

Christiaan Barnard carries out the world's first heart transplant at Groote Schuur Hospital in Cape Town.

U.S. and South Vietnamese forces engage Viet Cong troops in the Mekong Delta (235 of the 300-strong Viet Cong battalion are killed).

Otis Redding, American singer died.

In New York City, Benjamin Spock and Allen Ginsberg are arrested for protesting against the Vietnam War.

Magical Mystery Tour is released by The Beatles as a double EP in the U.K., whilst the only psychedelic rock album by The Rolling Stones, Their Satanic Majesties Request, is released in the U.K and in the U.S.A.

Jim Morrison is arrested on stage in New Haven, Connecticut for attempting to spark a riot in the audience during a Doors-concert.

Supersonic airliner Concorde is unveiled in Toulouse, France.

Guess Who's Coming to Dinner, one of the seminal race relations films of the 1960s, is released to theaters.

Paul Whiteman, American bandleader died.

Professor John Archibald Wheeler uses the term black hole for the first time.

The Beatles' film Magical Mystery Tour receives its world première on BBC Television in the UK

The Green Bay Packers become the first team in the modern era to win their third consecutive NFL Championship, 21-17 over the Dallas Cowboys in what became known as "The Ice Bowl".

Motorcycle daredevil Evel Knievel attempts to jump 141 feet over the Caesars Palace Fountains on the Las Vegas Strip. Knievel crashes on landing and the accident is caught on film.

Born in 1967
R. Kelly, American R&B singer and songwriter; Dave Matthews, South African–born American musician; Chris Parnell, American actor and comedian (Saturday Night Live); Hank Gathers, American college basketball player (d. 1990); Andrew Shue, American actor; Sherri Shepherd, American comedian and TV show host; Heavy D, Jamaican-born American actor, rapper (d. 2011); Chris Benoit, Canadian professional wrestler (d. 2007); Tim McGraw, American country singer; Nicole Kidman, American-born Australian actress; Paul Giamatti, American actor; Anderson Cooper, American television journalist; Pamela Anderson, Canadian actress and model; Adam Savage, American TV show host; Will Ferrell, American comedian and actor; Vin Diesel, American actor; Philip Seymour Hoffman, American actor (d. 2014); Matt LeBlanc, American actor; Ty Burrell, American actor; Deion Sanders, African-American pro football and baseball player; Riddick Bowe, American boxer; Joe Rogan, American comedian and television host; Macy Gray African-American R&B singer; Harry Connick, Jr., American singer and actor; Louis C.K., American comedian and actor; Faith Hill, American country singer; Moon Unit Zappa, American actress, musician and author; Toni Braxton, African-American R&B singer; Julia Roberts, American actress; Carlos Mencia, Latino-American actor and standup comedian; Keith Urban, New Zealand-born Australian country music singer; Vanilla Ice, American rapper; Sophie B. Hawkins, American singer-songwriter; Scott Walker, American legislator and politician; 45th Governor of Wisconsin (2011–present); Courtney Thorne-Smith, American actress; Jimmy Kimmel, American comedian and talk show host; Lisa Bonet, American actress; Boris Becker, German tennis player; Anna Nicole Smith, American model and actress (d. 2007); Jamie Foxx, African-American actor; Criss Angel, American musician, magician, illusionist, escapologist, and stunt performer







Mattel's Hot Wheels toy cars, Khmer Rouge, David and Julie Nixon Eisenhower, Zodiac Killer, Oliver!, The Rolling Stones, "Plato's Stepchildren", The Beatles, Heidi Game, American Independent Party, George C. Wallace, Gun Control Act of 1968, Led Zeppelin, Mekong Delta, 60 Minutes debuts, Hawaii 5-O debuts, Hubert Humphrey , Richard Nixon, first International Special Olympics, Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, Rosemary's Baby, James Earl Ray, Sirhan Sirhan, Helen Keller dies, Catonsville Nine, creation of Apple Records, Hair, Columbia University protests of 1968, United Methodist Church is created, Rivers of Blood speech, Civil Rights Act of 1968, Black Panthers, Martin Luther King, Jr., Planet of the Apes , 2001: A Space Odyssey, U.S. Selective Service System, Vietnam War , Robert F. Kennedy, My Lai Massacre, Lyndon B. Johnson, Laotian Civil War, Battle of Saigon, Mister Rogers' Neighborhood, Civil rights disturbances, Madison Square Garden opens, Tet Offensive, Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In debuts, Harold Wilson, Prague Spring, USS Pueblo


Prague Spring : Alexander Dubček is chosen as the leader of the Communist Party in Czechoslovakia.

British Prime Minister Harold Wilson endorses the I'm Backing Britain campaign for working an additional half hour each day without pay. [2]

The Green Bay Packers defeat the Oakland Raiders by the score of 33-14 in Super Bowl II.

Battle of Khe Sanh : One of the most publicized and controversial battles of the war begins.

A U.S. B-52 Stratofortress crashes in Greenland, discharging 4 nuclear bombs.

Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In debuts on NBC.

North Korea seizes the USS Pueblo, claiming the ship violated its territorial waters while spying.

The Israeli submarine INS Dakar sinks in the Mediterranean Sea, killing 69.

The French submarine Minerve sinks in the Mediterranean Sea, killing 52.

The Tet Offensive begins, as Viet Cong forces launch a series of surprise attacks across South Vietnam.


A Viet Cong officer named Nguy n V ă n L é m is executed by Nguy n Ng c Loan , a South Vietnamese National Police Chief. The event is photographed by Eddie Adams. The photo makes headlines around the world, eventually winning the 1969 Pulitzer Prize, and sways U.S. public opinion against the war.

The Pennsylvania Railroad and the New York Central Railroad merge to form Penn Central, the largest ever corporate merger up to this date.

The 1968 Winter Olympics are held in Grenoble, France.

A civil rights protest staged at a white-only bowling alley in Orangeburg, South Carolina is broken up by highway patrolmen; 3 college students are killed.

Border clashes take place between Israel and Jordan.

Madison Square Garden in New York City opens at its current location.

Phong Nh and Phong Nh t massacres .

Civil rights disturbances occur at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

The Florida Education Association (FEA) initiates a mass resignation of teachers to protest state funding of education. This is, in effect, the first statewide teachers' strike in the United States.

NET televises the very first episode of Mister Rogers' Neighborhood.

The Tet Offensive is halted; South Vietnam recaptures Hu ế .

Hà My massacre .

Frankie Lymon is found dead from a heroin overdose.


The First Battle of Saigon ends.

The first student protests spark the 1968 Polish political crisis.

Battle of Lima Site 85 , the largest single ground combat loss of United States Air Force members (12) during the then-secret war later known as the Laotian Civil War.

U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson barely edges out antiwar candidate Eugene McCarthy in the New Hampshire Democratic primary, a vote which highlights the deep divisions in the country, and the party, over Vietnam.

Yuri Gagarin , Soviet cosmonaut, first human in space died.

My Lai Massacre : American troops kill scores of civilians. The story will first become public in November 1969 and will help undermine public support for the U.S. efforts in Vietnam.

U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy enters the race for the Democratic Party presidential nomination.

A demonstration in London's Grosvenor Square against U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War leads to violence; 91 people are injured, 200 demonstrators arrested.

Students at Howard University in Washington, D.C., signal a new era of militant student activism on college campuses in the U.S. Students stage rallies, protests and a 5-day sit-in, laying siege to the administration building, shutting down the university in protest over its ROTC program and the Vietnam War.

In ongoing campus unrest, Howard University students protesting the Vietnam War, the ROTC program on campus and the draft, confront Gen. Lewis Hershey, then head of the U.S. Selective Service System, and as he attempts to deliver an address.

Daniel Cohn-Bendit ("Danny the Red") and 7 other students occupy the administrative offices of the University of Nanterre, setting in motion a chain of events that lead France to the brink of revolution in May.

Joan Baez marries activist David Harris in New York.

U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announces he will not seek re-election.

Nerve gas leaks from the U.S. Army Dugway Proving Ground near Skull Valley, Utah.

British Foreign Secretary George Brown resigns.


The film 2001: A Space Odyssey premieres in Washington, D.C.

The American movie Planet of the Apes is released in theaters.

Martin Luther King, Jr. is shot dead at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee. Riots erupt in major American cities, lasting for several days afterwards.

Apollo-Saturn mission 502 (Apollo 6) is launched, as the second and last unmanned test-flight of the Saturn V launch vehicle.

A shootout between Black Panthers and Oakland police results in several arrests and deaths, including 16-year-old Panther Bobby Hutton.

U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1968.

MGM 's classic film The Wizard of Oz makes its NBC debut after being telecast on CBS since 1956. It will remain on NBC for the next 8 years.

English politician Enoch Powell makes his controversial Rivers of Blood speech.

Surgeons at the Hôpital de la Pitié, Paris, perform Europe's first heart transplant, on Clovis Roblain.

The United Methodist Church is created by the union of the former Methodist and Evangelical United Brethren churches.

Student protesters at Columbia University in New York City take over administration buildings and shut down the university.

The nuclear weapon "Boxcar" is tested at the Nevada Test Site in the biggest detonation of Operation Crosstie.

A category F4 tornado struck Falmouth, Kentucky.

The musical Hair officially opens on Broadway.


Paris student riots : One million march through the streets of Paris.

The Beatles announce the creation of Apple Records in a New York press conference.

An outbreak of severe thunderstorms produces tornadoes, causing massive damage and heavy casualties in Charles City, Iowa, Oelwein, Iowa, and Jonesboro, Arkansas.

The Catonsville Nine enter the Selective Service offices in Catonsville, Maryland, take dozens of selective service draft records, and burn them with napalm as a protest against the Vietnam War.

The U.S. nuclear-powered submarine Scorpion sinks with 99 men aboard, 400 miles southwest of the Azores.

Manchester United wins the European Cup Final, becoming the first English team to do so.

Bobby Unser wins the Indianapolis 500.


Helen Keller dies at the age of 87 years.

The Standard & Poor's 500 index closes above 100 for the first time, at 100.38.

Pierre Elliott Trudeau becomes the 15th Prime Minister of Canada. [6]

U.S. presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy is shot at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles by Sirhan Sirhan. Kennedy dies from his injuries the next day.

Dan Duryea , American actor died.

James Earl Ray is arrested for the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr..

Randolph Churchill , British politician, son of Winston Churchill died.

The film Rosemary's Baby premieres in the U.S.

The Lockheed C-5 Galaxy heavy military transport aircraft first flies in the U.S. This model will still be in service 40 years later.


The Central Intelligence Agency's Phoenix Program is officially established.

The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty opens for signature.

The soap opera One Life to Live premieres on ABC.

Saddam Hussein becomes Vice Chairman of the Revolutionary Council in Iraq after a coup d'état.

The semiconductor company Intel is founded.

The first International Special Olympics Summer Games are held at Soldier Field in Chicago, Ill, with about 1,000 athletes with intellectual disabilities.

Black militants led by Fred (Ahmed) Evans engage in a fierce gunfight with police in the Glenville Shootout of Cleveland, Ohio, in the United States.

Pope Paul VI publishes the encyclical entitled Humanae vitae, condemning birth control.

South Vietnamese opposition leader Tr ươ ng Đì nh Dzu is sentenced to 5 years hard labor, for advocating the formation of a coalition government as a way to move toward an end to the war.

Arenal Volcano erupts in Costa Rica for the first time in centuries.

Thames Television starts transmission in London.


Dennis O'Keefe , American actor died.

The Republican National Convention in Miami Beach, Florida nominates Richard Nixon for U.S. President and Spiro Agnew for Vice President.

The Prague Spring of political liberalization ends, as 750,000 Warsaw Pact troops and 6,500 tanks with 800 planes invade Czechoslovakia. It is dated as the biggest operation in Europe since WWII ended.

Ulysses S. Grant III , American soldier and planner died.

France explodes its first hydrogen bomb.

Police clash with anti-war protesters in Chicago, Illinois, outside the 1968 Democratic National Convention, which nominates Hubert Humphrey for U.S. President, and Edmund Muskie for Vice President. The riots and subsequent trials were an essential part of the activism of the Youth International Party.

Dennis O'Keefe , American actor died.

John Gordon Mein , US Ambassador to Guatemala, is assassinated on the streets of Guatemala City. First US Ambassador assassinated in the line of duty.


Detroit Tiger Denny McLain becomes the first baseball pitcher to win 30 games in a season since 1934. He remains the last to accomplish the feat.

Hawaii 5-O debuts on CBS, and eventually becomes the longest-running crime show in television history, until Law & Order overtakes it in 2003.

Red Foley , American singer died.

The Tet Offensive comes to an end in South Vietnam.

60 Minutes debuts on CBS.

At Paine Field, near Everett, Washington in the United States, Boeing officially rolls out its new 747 for the media and the public.


Operation Sealords : United States and South Vietnamese forces launch a new operation in the Mekong Delta.

NASA launches Apollo 7, the first manned Apollo mission.

Bea Benaderet , American actress died.

The Games of the XIX Olympiad are held in Mexico City, Mexico.

The United States Department of Defense announces that the United States Army and United States Marines will send about 24,000 troops back to Vietnam for involuntary second tours.

Marcel Duchamp , French artist died.

Led Zeppelin makes their first live performance, at Surrey University in England

In Mexico City, African-American athletes Tommie Smith and John Carlos raise their arms in a black power salute after winning, respectively, the gold and bronze medals in the Olympic men's 200 meters.

Former U.S. First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy marries Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis.

The Gun Control Act of 1968 is enacted.

Citing progress in the Paris peace talks, U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announces to the nation that he has ordered a complete cessation of "all air, naval, and artillery bombardment of North Vietnam" effective November 1.


Republican challenger Richard Nixon defeats the Democratic candidate, Vice President Hubert Humphrey, and American Independent Party candidate George C. Wallace.

Operation Commando Hunt is initiated to interdict men and supplies on the Ho Chi Minh trail, through Laos into South Vietnam. By the end of the operation, 3 million tons of bombs are dropped on Laos, slowing but not seriously disrupting trail operations.

Wendell Corey , American actor died.

Yale University announces it is going to admit women.

The Heidi Game: NBC cuts off the final 1:05 of an Oakland Raiders-New York Jets football game to broadcast the pre-scheduled Heidi . Fans are unable to see Oakland (which had been trailing 32-29) score 2 late touchdowns to win 43-32; as a result, thousands of outraged football fans flood the NBC switchboards to protest

Upton Sinclair , American writer died.

The Farmington Mine disaster in Farmington, West Virginia, kills seventy-eight men.

The Beatles release their self-titled album popularly known as the White Album.

"Plato's Stepchildren", 12th episode of Star Trek 3rd season is aired, featuring the first-ever interracial kiss on U.S. national television between Lieutenant Uhura and Captain James T. Kirk.

First National Women's Liberation Conference


The Rolling Stones release Beggars Banquet, which contains the classic song "Sympathy for the Devil."

John Steinbeck , American writer died.

The film Oliver!, based on the hit London and Broadway musical, opens in the U.S. after being released first in England. It goes on to win the Academy Award for Best Picture.

The Zodiac Killer is believed to have shot Betty Lou Jensen and David Faraday on Lake Herman Road in California.

Trygve Lie , Norwegian United Nations Secretary General (the first) died.

David Eisenhower , grandson of former U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, marries Julie Nixon, the daughter of U.S. President-elect Richard Nixon.

U.S. spacecraft Apollo 8 enters orbit around the Moon.

Led Zeppelin make their American debut.

Dates unknown

The Khmer Rouge is officially formed in Cambodia.

Mattel 's Hot Wheels toy cars are introduced.

United Artists pulls eleven Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies cartoons in its library from television due to the depiction of racist stereotypes towards African-Americans. These cartoons come to be known as the Censored Eleven

born in 1968

Cuba Gooding, Jr., African-American actor, LL Cool J, African-American rapper and actor, Chad Lowe, American actor, Lisa Marie Presley, American singer, Josh Brolin, American actor, Molly Ringwald, American actress, singer and dancer, Daniel Craig, British actor, Lucy Lawless, New Zealand actress and singer, Céline Dion, Canadian singer, Paula Cole, American singer, Patricia Arquette, American actress, Ashley Judd, American actress, Timothy McVeigh, American terrorist (d. 2001), Tony Hawk, American skateboarder, Kylie Minogue, Australian actress and singer, Yasmine Bleeth, American actress, Kristin Chenoweth, American soprano and actress, Julian McMahon, Australian actor, Catherine Bell, American actress, Ziggy Marley, Jamaican musician and oldest son of Bob Marley;, Mohamed Atta, 9/11 ringleader of the hijackers and pilot of American Airlines Flight 11 (d. 2001); Will Smith, African-American rapper and actor; Naomi Watts, English-born Australian actress; Hugh Jackman, Australian actor; Parker Posey, American actress; Ol' Dirty Bastard, African-American rapper (d. 2004); Owen Wilson, American actor; Jonathan Knight, American singer (New Kids on the Block); Brendan Fraser, Canadian-American actor; Lucy Liu, American actress; Kurt Angle, American amateur and professional wrestler






"The Eagle has landed", Tate-LaBianca murder trial , Long John Silver's restaurant chain opens , Arthur Treacher's Fish and Chips opens , Montreal Expos debut, Students for a Democratic Society, Battle of Dong Ap Bia (Hamburger Hill), first confirmed case of HIV/AIDS in North America, Midnight Cowboy, first manned Moon landing, John Lennon and Yoko Ono, Judy Garland dies, Warren E. Burger, Stonewall riots, Francisco Franco, Apollo 11, Edward M. Kennedy, Chappaquiddick, lunar module Eagle, Nixon Doctrine, "Helter Skelter", The Manson Family, Northern Ireland, Woodstock Festival, Captain D's is founded, Hurricane Camille, Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, Ho Chi Minh dies, Lieutenant William Calley, first-ever episode of Scooby-Doo, Where Are You!, Willie Mays,Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid opens, Chicago Eight trial, Abbey Road, The Brady Bunch, Monty Python's Flying Circus first airs, Weathermen, Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam, Led Zeppelin, Sesame Street is broadcast for the first time, My Lai Massacre, Richard Nixon, ARPANET, draft lottery, Altamont Free Concert, The Rolling Stones, Charles Manson, Rupert Murdoch , The Beatles give their last public performance, Yasser Arafat, Palestine Liberation Organization, first Concorde test flight, Sirhan Sirhan, Robert F. Kennedy, James Earl Ray pleads guilty, The Godfather, Mario Puzo, Golda Meir, Operation Breakfast (the secret bombing of Cambodia) begins, Dwight D. Eisenhower dies


Australian media baron Rupert Murdoch purchases the largest selling British Sunday newspaper, The News of the World.

Ohio State defeats USC in the Rose Bowl to win the national title for the 1968 season.

Led Zeppelin , the first Led Zeppelin album, is released.

Martial law is declared in Madrid, as the University is closed and over 300 students are arrested.

The New York Jets upset the Baltimore Colts in Super Bowl III, 16-7. Joe Namath is the MVP of the game.

An explosion aboard the USS Enterprise near Hawaii kills 27 and injures 314.

Richard Milhous Nixon succeeds Lyndon Baines Johnson as the 37th President of the United States of America.

After 147 years, the last issue of The Saturday Evening Post is published (publication resumed in 1971).

Elvis Presley steps into American Studios in Memphis, Tennessee, recording "Long Black Limousine", thus beginning the recording of what becomes his landmark comeback sessions for the albums From Elvis in Memphis and Back in Memphis. The sessions yield the popular and critically acclaimed singles "Suspicious Minds", "In the Ghetto", and "Kentucky Rain".

A blow-out on Union Oil's Platform spills 80,000 to 100,000 barrels of crude oil into a channel and onto the beaches of Santa Barbara County in Southern California, inspiring Wisconsin Senator Gaylord Nelson to organize the first Earth Day in 1970.

The Beatles give their last public performance.


Ten paintings are defaced in New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art.

In Cairo, Yasser Arafat is elected Palestine Liberation Organization leader at the Palestinian National Congress.

The last issue of The Saturday Evening Post hits magazine stands.

The Boeing 747 makes its maiden flight.

Pope Paul VI issues a motu proprio deleting many names from the Roman calendar of saints (including Valentine, who was celebrated on that day).

The Mariner 6 Mars probe is launched.

Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District : The U.S. Supreme Court rules that the First Amendment applies to public schools.


In Toulouse, France the first Concorde test flight is conducted.

In a Los Angeles court, Sirhan Sirhan admits that he killed presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy.

Apollo 9 (James McDivitt, David Scott, Rusty Schweickart) to test the lunar module.

Jim Morrison is arrested in Florida for indecent exposure during a Doors-concert three days earlier.

In Memphis, Tennessee, James Earl Ray pleads guilty to assassinating Martin Luther King Jr. (he later retracts his guilty plea).

The novel The Godfather by Mario Puzo is published.[

Apollo 9 returns safely to Earth after testing the Lunar Module.

Golda Meir becomes the first female prime minister of Israel.

Operation Breakfast, the secret bombing of Cambodia, begins.

John Lennon and Yoko Ono are married at Gibraltar, and proceed to their honeymoon "Bed-In" for peace in Amsterdam.

The body of former United States General and President Dwight D. Eisenhower is brought by caisson to the United States Capitol to lie in state in the Capitol Rotunda.


The Harvard University Administration Building is seized by close to 300 students, mostly members of the Students for a Democratic Society. Before the takeover ends, 45 will be injured and 184 arrested.

The Brisbane Tramways end service after 84 years of operation.

British troops arrive in Northern Ireland to reinforce the Royal Ulster Constabulary.

Charles de Gaulle steps down as president of France after suffering defeat in a referendum the day before.


The Battle of Dong Ap Bia, also known as Hamburger Hill, begins during the Vietnam War.

An American teenager known as 'Robert R.' dies in St. Louis, Missouri, of a baffling medical condition. In 1984 it will be identified as the first confirmed case of HIV/AIDS in North America.

Apollo 10 (Tom Stafford, Gene Cernan, John Young) is launched, on the full dress-rehearsal for the Moon landing.

United States National Guard helicopters spray skin-stinging powder on anti-war protesters in California.

Apollo 10 ' s lunar module flies to within 15,400 m of the Moon's surface.

Midnight Cowboy , an X-rated, Oscar-winning John Schlesinger film, is released.

Apollo program: Apollo 10 returns to Earth, after a successful 8-day test of all the components needed for the upcoming first manned Moon landing.

John Lennon and Yoko Ono conduct their second Bed-In. The follow-up to the Amsterdam event is held at the Queen Elizabeth Hotel in Montreal, Quebec. Lennon composes and records the song Give Peace a Chance during the Bed-In.


While operating at sea on SEATO maneuvers, the Australian aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne accidentally rams and slices in two the American destroyer USS Frank E. Evans in the South China Sea, killing 74 American seamen.

President Richard Nixon and South Vietnamese President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu meet at Midway Island. Nixon announces that 25,000 U.S. troops will be withdrawn by September.

The creation of the federal Environmental Protection Agency .

Judy Garland dies of a drug overdose in her London home.

Warren E. Burger is sworn in as Chief Justice of the United States by retiring Chief Justice Earl Warren.

The United Kingdom and Rhodesia sever diplomatic ties.

The Stonewall riots in New York City mark the start of the modern gay rights movement in the U.S.


Brian Jones, musician and founder of The Rolling Stones, drowns in his swimming pool at his home in Sussex, England.

Francisco Franco orders the closing of the border and communications between Gibraltar and Spain in response to the 1967 Gibraltar sovereignty referendum.

The United States' $500, $1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 bills are officially withdrawn from circulation.

Apollo 11 (Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, Michael Collins) lifts off toward the first landing on the Moon.

Edward M. Kennedy drives off a bridge on his way home from a party on Chappaquiddick Island, Massachusetts. Mary Jo Kopechne, a former campaign aide to his brother, dies in the early morning hours of July 19 in the submerged car.

The lunar module Eagle lands on the lunar surface. An estimated 500 million people worldwide watch in awe at 10:56 pm ET (02:56 UTC July 21), the largest television audience for a live broadcast at that time.

The Apollo 11 astronauts return from the first successful Moon landing, and are placed in biological isolation for several days, on the chance they may have brought back lunar germs. The airless lunar environment is later determined to preclude microscopic life.

President Richard Nixon declares the Nixon Doctrine, stating that the United States now expects its Asian allies to take care of their own military defense. This starts the "Vietnamization" of the war.

The halfpenny ceases to be legal tender in the UK.


The Beatles have photographer Iain Macmillan take their photo on a zebra crossing on Abbey Road.

Followers of Charles Manson murder Sharon Tate, (who was 8 months pregnant), and her friends: Folgers coffee heiress Abigail Folger, Wojciech Frykowski, and Hollywood hairstylist Jay Sebring at the home of Tate and her husband, Roman Polanski, in Los Angeles. Also killed is Steven Parent, leaving from a visit to the Polanski's caretaker. More than 100 stab wounds are found on the victims, except for Parent, who had been shot almost as soon as the Manson Family entered the property.

The Manson Family kills Leno and Rosemary LaBianca, wealthy Los Angeles businesspeople.

Violence erupts after the Apprentice Boys of Derry march in Derry, Northern Ireland, resulting in a three-day communal riot known as the Battle of the Bogside.

Serious border clashes occur between the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China.

British troops are deployed in Northern Ireland following the three-day Battle of the Bogside.

Captain D's is founded as "Mr. D's Seafood and Hamburgers" by Ray Danner with its first location opening in Donelson, Tennessee.

The Woodstock Festival is held in upstate New York, featuring some of the top rock musicians of the era.

Category 5 Hurricane Camille, the most powerful tropical cyclonic system at landfall in history, hits the Mississippi coast, killing 248 people and causing US$1.5 billion in damage (1969 dollars).

Donald and Doris Fisher open the first Gap store on Ocean Avenue in San Francisco.


A coup in Libya ousts King Idris, and brings Colonel Muammar Gaddafi to power.

The first automatic teller machine in the United States is installed in Rockville Centre, New York.

Ho Chi Minh, former president of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, dies.

Lieutenant William Calley is charged with 6 counts of premeditated murder, for the My Lai Massacre deaths of 109 Vietnamese civilians in My Lai, Vietnam.

The first-ever episode of Scooby-Doo, Where Are You! is broadcast on CBS: "What a Night for a Knight".

The very last theatrical Warner Bros. cartoon is released: the Merrie Melodies short Injun Trouble.

Willie Mays becomes the first player since Babe Ruth to hit 600 career home runs.

Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid opens to limited release in the U.S.

The Chicago Eight trial begins in Chicago, Illinois.

The Beatles release their Abbey Road album, receiving critical praise and enormous commercial success.

The Brady Bunch is broadcast for the first time on ABC.


Monty Python's Flying Circus first airs on BBC One.

In Chicago, the United States National Guard is called in to control demonstrations involving the radical Weathermen, in connection with the "Chicago Eight" Trial.

The New York Mets defeat the Baltimore Orioles four games to one in one of the greatest World Series upsets in baseball history.

Hundreds of thousands of people take part in Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam demonstrations across the United States.

Led Zeppelin release Led Zeppelin II to critical acclaim and commercial success.

The first message is sent over ARPANET, the forerunner of the internet.

Wal-Mart incorporates as Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.


A group of American Indians, led by Richard Oakes, seizes Alcatraz Island for 19 months, inspiring a wave of renewed Indian pride and government reform.

Sesame Street is broadcast for the first time, on the National Educational Television (NET) network.

My Lai Massacre: Independent investigative journalist Seymour Hersh breaks the My Lai story.

NASA launches Apollo 12 (Pete Conrad, Richard Gordon, Alan Bean).

The Soviet submarine K-19 collides with the American submarine USS Gato in the Barents Sea.

In Washington, D.C., 250,000-500,000 protesters stage a peaceful demonstration against the war, including a symbolic "March Against Death".

Regular colour television broadcasts begin on BBC1 and ITV in the United Kingdom.

Dave Thomas opens his first restaurant in downtown Columbus, Ohio. He names the chain Wendy's after his 8-year-old daughter, Melinda Lou (nicknamed "Wendy" by her siblings).

Apollo 12 astronauts Charles Conrad and Alan Bean land at Oceanus Procellarum ("Ocean of Storms"), becoming the third and fourth humans to walk on the Moon.

Soccer great Pelé scores his 1,000th goal.

The Plain Dealer publishes explicit photographs of dead villagers from the My Lai Massacre in Vietnam.

President Richard Nixon and Japanese Premier Eisaku Satō agree in Washington, D.C. to the return of Okinawa to Japanese control in 1972. Under the terms of the agreement, the U.S. retains rights to military bases on the island, but they must be nuclear-free.

The first ARPANET link is established (the forerunner of the global Internet).

The Apollo 12 spacecraft splashes down safely in the Pacific Ocean, ending the second manned mission to the Moon.


The first draft lottery in the United States is held since World War II (on January 4, 1970, The New York Times will run a long article, "Statisticians Charge Draft Lottery Was Not Random").

The Boeing 747 jumbo jet makes its first passenger flight.

Black Panther Party members Fred Hampton and Mark Clark are shot dead in their sleep during a raid by 14 Chicago police officers.

The Altamont Free Concert is held at the Altamont Speedway in northern California. Hosted by The Rolling Stones, it is an attempt at a "Woodstock West" and is best known for the uproar of violence that occurred. It is viewed by many as the "end of the sixties."

Charles Manson is allowed to defend himself at the Tate-LaBianca murder trial.

Born in 1969
Jason Bateman, American actor, director and producer; Marilyn Manson, American rock musician; Patton Oswalt, American stand-up comedian, writer, actor and voice actor; Beau Biden, 44th Attorney General of Delaware (d. 2015); Bobby Brown, African-American singer; Ian Eagle, American sports announcer; Jennifer Aniston, American actress; Chaz Bono, American LGBT rights activist; Paul Rudd, American actor, comedian, writer and producer; Renee Zellweger, American actress and producer; Cate Blanchett, Australian actress; Danny Wood, American singer; Emmitt Smith, American football player; David Boreanaz, American actor; Tracey Gold, American actress; Rob Ford, Canadian politician; Steffi Graf, German tennis player; Ice Cube, African-American rapper and actor; Jennifer Lopez, American actress and singer; Triple H (aka Paul Levesque), American wrestler; Donnie Wahlberg, American singer; Edward Norton, American actor’ Christian Slater, American actor; Matthew Perry, Canadian-American actor; Jack Black, American actor and musician; Hal Sparks, American actor and comedian; Catherine Zeta-Jones, Welsh actress; Zach Galifianakis, American actor and stand-up comedian; Gwen Stefani, American singer and television host; Brett Favre, American football player; Wyclef Jean, Haitian rapper; Sean Combs, African-American rapper (aka Puff Daddy, P. Diddy); Matthew McConaughey, American actor; Ken Griffey, Jr., American baseball player; Jay-Z, African-American rapper






At the time, did you think Carly Simon was right when she sang the lyric, '' And stay right here 'cause these are the good old days'' in the song 'Anticipation'?

Did you watch "Paul Baby" growing up and see "Kneesville" and 'The Wicked Women of Withamsville' on The Paul Dixon Show? ["Isn't this the dumbest television show you ever saw in your life?"]

Perhaps you preferred it a tad tamer and watched The Bob Braun Show, The Nick Clooney Show or the afternoon movie with Wirt Cain. Maybe you were something of a ''night owl' and watched Bob Shreve's Past Prime Playhouse [''Want to see Chickie a little longer?''] Wanna bet the station censors were nervous?

The Big Red Machine was becoming history by the late 1970s. Riverfront Stadium; you got to see it open in 1970 and implode in 1995. Shoot, you might even remember Crosley Field or back in the 'old days' when the Reds and Bengals shared the same stadium. Long before Cinergy Field, Paul Brown Stadium or the Great American Ball Park.

If you've moved away from the area, no more Graeter's ice cream, Busken Bakery or United Dairy Farmers. You can go to Shoney's and get a burger with tartar sauce instead of Thousand Island dressing or maybe get a Krystal burger without mustard and they'll be close to what you got at Frisch's or White Castle...close but no cigar.

Remember the first time you saw a picture of WKRC's [radio] Stan Matlock and you're pondering 'How did that great big deep voice come out of that scrawny little guy?' What about Mark Sebastian, Dick Biondi, Jim Scott or Cawood Ledford and Ralph Hacker calling the UK games. Many's the kid who thought there was no TV audio during a UK game as their dad warmed up the television set [showing your age], turned the sound down, brought in an a.m. radio and listened to Cawood call the game. Explain to your grandkids how you should never get an a.m. radio too close to a black and white TV.

As a kid, did you favor Uncle Al and Captain Wendy or Skipper Ryle? Don't want to burst your bubble but [not bubble-butt] the Kwik Brothers were [should I use 'was' or 'were' there? Brothers=were; one guy=was] only one guy, Mike Tangi, with camera tricks. What other local commercials 'stuck' with you over the years? Harry's Carpet? [''I don't care about making money. I just love to sell carpet.''] The Ford dealership in Newport? [''Just a block and a bridge from downtown Cincinnati.''] Jeff Wyler Chevrolet?[''Cars, like eggs, are cheaper in the country.'']. Or maybe it was Kash Amburgy, the old country boy from South Lebanon, Ohio; "Follow the signs, follow the arrows to Kash's Big Bargain Barn in South Lebanon, Ohio, where you save cash with Kash."

Did your house get its local news from Al Schottelkotte? Tom Atkins? Jerry Springer? Nick Clooney? Did you read the Post or Enquirer? Once every week, you waited with bated breath 'til The Falmouth Outlook [''Tonka sez...''] hit the newsstands [like there was an actual newsstand in all of P-County].

Plus, you got to see The Partridge Family, The Bionic Woman, Laverne & Shirley, The Gong Show, Quincy M.E., Charlie's Angels, The Six Million Dollar Man, Happy Days, Baretta, Barney Miller , Welcome Back Kotter, The Carol Burnett Show, Hawaii Five-O, The Mary Tyler Moore Show, All in the Family, The Bob Newhart Show, M*A*S*H, Maude, The Waltons, Barnaby Jones, Kojak, Good Times, Rhoda, The Jeffersons, One Day at a Time , The Wonderful World of Disney, McCloud, McMillan & Wife, Emergency, Sanford and Son, Chico and the Man, The Tomorrow Show, Columbo, Dean Martin Celebrity Roast, Little House on the Prairie, Police Woman, The Rockford Files, The Odd Couple and the debut of Saturday Night Live the first time they aired.



Front de liberation du Quebec (FLQ); National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA); Wichita State University football team's plane crashes; National Weather Service; Public Broadcasting Service begins; October Crisis in Montreal, Quebec; Doonesbury; Anwar Sadat; Salvador Allende; Mekong Delta; My Lai massacre trial; Hafez al-Assad; United States Environmental Protection Agency; Beatles disband; Nigerian civil war; Diana Ross and The Supremes farewell concert; Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty; Earth Day; Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act; Apollo 13; Elton John; Kent State Shootings; Let It Be ; anti-Vietnam War demonstrations; Tommy at the Metropolitan Opera House; Penn Central declares bankruptcy; Riverfront Stadium opens; Three Rivers Stadium opens; American Top 40 debuts; Thalidomide; Venera 7; Isle of Wight Festival 1970; The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine; Chevrolet Vega; Ford Pinto; The first New York City Marathon; The Mary Tyler Moore Show debuts; Monday Night Football debuts; The Partridge Family debuts


The first episode of All My Children is broadcast.

The Nigerian civil war ends.

Diana Ross and The Supremes perform their farewell live concert together at the Frontier Hotel in Las Vegas. Ross's replacement, Jean Terrell, is introduced onstage at the end of the last show.

Pan American Airways offers the first commercially scheduled 747 service from John F. Kennedy International Airport to London Heathrow Airport.


Black Sabbath's debut album is released; often regarded as the first true heavy metal album.

Bertrand Russell, English logician and philosopher dies.

The iconic live album The Who: Live at Leeds is recorded.

MacDonald family massacre: Jeffrey R . MacDonald kills his wife and children at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, claiming that drugged-out "hippies" did it.

Author David Irving is ordered to pay £40,000 libel damages to Capt. John Broome over his book The Destruction of Convoy PQ17.

A jury finds the Chicago Seven defendants not guilty of conspiring to incite a riot, in charges stemming from the violence at the 1968 Democratic National Convention. Five of the defendants are found guilty on the lesser charge of crossing state lines to incite a riot.

Conrad Nagel, American actor dies.

Chevrolet releases the second generation Camaro.


Rhodesia severs its last tie with the United Kingdom, declaring itself a republic.

The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty goes into effect, after ratification by 56 nations.

A bomb being constructed by members of the Weathermen and meant to be planted at a military dance in New Jersey, explodes, killing 3 members of the organization.

The complete New English Bible is published.

My Lai massacre: The United States Army charges 14 officers with suppressing information related to the incident.

General Lon Nol ousts Prince Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia.

United States Postal Service workers in New York City go on strike; the strike spreads to the state of California and the cities of Akron, Ohio, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Chicago, Boston, and Denver, Colorado; 210,000 out of 750,000 U.S. postal employees walk out. President Nixon assigns military units to New York City post offices. The strike lasts 2 weeks.

The first Earth Day proclamation is issued by San Francisco Mayor Joseph Alioto.

NASA's Explorer 1, the first American satellite and Explorer program spacecraft, reenters Earth's atmosphere after 12 years in orbit.


President Richard Nixon signs the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act into law, banning cigarette television advertisements in the United States from January 1, 1971.

Inger Stevens, Swedish-born actress dies.

American Motors Corporation introduces the Gremlin.

The 1970 United States Census begins. There are 203,392,031 United States residents on this day.
In a press release written in mock-interview style, that is included in promotional copies of his first solo album, Paul McCartney announces that he has left the Beatles.

The Elton John album is released, the second album by Elton John, but the first to chart and the first to be released in America.

Ed Begley,Sr., American actor dies.

An avalanche at a tuberculosis sanatorium in the French Alps kills 74, mostly young boys.

Apollo 13 (Jim Lovell, Fred Haise, Jack Swigert) is launched toward the Moon.

An oxygen tank in the Apollo 13 spacecraft explodes, forcing the crew to abort the mission and return in 4 days.

Apollo 13 splashes down safely in the Pacific.

The first Earth Day is celebrated in the U.S.

Gypsy Rose Lee, American actress dies.

The U.S. invades Cambodia to hunt out the Viet Cong; widespread, large antiwar protests occur in the U.S.


Demonstrations against the trial of the New Haven Nine, Bobby Seale, and Ericka Huggins draw 12,000. President Richard Nixon orders U.S. forces to cross into neutral Cambodia, threatening to widen the Vietnam War, sparking nationwide riots and leading to the Kent State Shootings.

Kent State shootings: Four students at Kent State University in Ohio are killed and 9 wounded by Ohio National Guardsmen, at a protest against the incursion into Cambodia.

Hard Hat riot: Unionized construction workers attack about 1,000 students and others protesting the Kent State shootings near the intersection of Wall Street and Broad Street and at New York City Hall.

The Beatles release their 12th and final album, Let It Be .

Johnny Hodges, American jazz musician dies.

The New York Knicks win their first NBA championship, defeating the Los Angeles Lakers 113-99 in Game 7 of the world championship series at Madison Square Garden.

In Washington, D.C., 100,000 people demonstrate against the Vietnam War.

The Boston Bruins win their first Stanley Cup since 1941 when Bobby Orr scores a goal 40 seconds into overtime for a 4-3 victory which completes a four-game sweep of the St. Louis Blues.

Lubbock Tornado: An F5 tornado hits downtown Lubbock, Texas, the first to hit a downtown district of a major city since Topeka, Kansas in 1966; 28 are killed.

Ulrike Meinhof helps Andreas Baader escape and create the Red Army Faction which exists until 1998.

In the second day of violent demonstrations at Jackson State University in Jackson, Mississippi, state law enforcement officers fire into the demonstrators, killing 2 and injuring 12.

Thor Heyerdahl sets sail from Morocco on the papyrus boat Ra II, to sail the Atlantic Ocean.

The 1970 FIFA World Cup is inaugurated in Mexico.


The Who become the first act to perform rock music (their rock opera, Tommy) at the Metropolitan Opera House, New York.

Penn Central declares Section 77 bankruptcy, the largest ever US corporate bankruptcy up to this date.

E. M. Forster, English writer dies.

The United States Senate repeals the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution of 1964.

U.S. ground troops withdraw from Cambodia.

Brian Piccolo, American football star dies.

Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati opens.


Bob Hope and other entertainers gather in Washington, D.C. for Honor America Day, a nonpartisan holiday event.

Longtime radio music countdown show American Top 40 debuts on 5 U.S. stations with Casey Kasem as host.

Thor Heyerdahl's papyrus boat Ra II arrives in Barbados.

Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh opens.

The Aswan High Dam in Egypt is completed.

Damages totaling £485,528 are awarded to 28 Thalidomide victims.

NBC anchor Chet Huntley retires from full-time broadcasting.


Venera 7 is launched toward Venus. It later becomes the first spacecraft to successfully transmit data from the surface of another planet.

Frances Farmer, American actress dies.

The Women's Strike for Equality takes place down Fifth Avenue in New York City.

The Isle of Wight Festival 1970 takes place on East Afton Farm off the coast of England. Some 600,000 people attend the largest rock festival of all time. Artists include Jimi Hendrix, The Who, The Doors, Chicago, Richie Havens, John Sebastian, Joan Baez, Ten Years After, Emerson, Lake & Palmer and Jethro Tull.


Israeli forces fight Palestinian guerillas in southern Lebanon.

Vince Lombardi, American football coach dies. br> The United States 101st Airborne Division and the South Vietnamese 1st Infantry Division initiate a new operation in Thua Thien Province (the operation ends in October 1971).

Formula One driver Jochen Rindt is killed in qualifying for the Italian Grand Prix. He becomes World Driving Champion anyhow, first to earn the honor posthumously.

Dawson's Field hijackings, The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine hijacks 4 passenger aircraft from Pan Am, TWA and Swissair on flights to New York from Brussels, Frankfurt and Zürich.

An anti-war rally is held at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, attended by John Kerry, Jane Fonda and Donald Sutherland.

Fighting breaks out between Arab guerillas and government forces in Amman, Jordan.

The Jordanian government and Palestinian guerillas make repeated unsuccessful truces.

Elvis Presley begins his first concert tour since 1958 in Phoenix, Arizona, at the Veterans Memorial Coliseum.

The Chevrolet Vega is introduced.

John Dos Passos, American novelist dies.

The Ford Pinto is introduced.

The covert incursion of Operation Tailwind is instigated by the American forces in southeast Laos.

The first New York City Marathon begins.

King Hussein of Jordan forms a military government with Muhammad Daoud as the prime minister.

Jimi Hendrix dies in London of drug related complications.

Black Sabbath releases its second album, Paranoid .

The Mary Tyler Moore Show, featuring its star as an unmarried professional woman, debuts.

Edward Everett Horton, American actor dies.

Syrian armored forces cross the Jordanian border.

Luna 16 lands on the Moon and lifts off the next day with samples. It lands on Earth September 24.

Palestinian armored forces reinforce Palestinian guerillas in Irbidi, Jordan.

Monday Night Football debuts on ABC.

The first women's only tennis tournament begins in Houston, known as the Houston Women's Invitation.

The Partridge Family debuts.

The Laguna Fire starts in San Diego County, burning 175,425 acres.

Gamal Abdal Nasser dies; Vice President Anwar Sadat is named temporary president of Egypt.

The U.S. Congress gives President Richard Nixon authority to sell arms to Israel.


The Front de liberation du Quebec (FLQ) kidnaps James Cross in Montreal and demands release of all its imprisoned members. The next day the Canadian government announces it will not meet the demand, beginning Quebec's October Crisis.

Under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) the Environmental Science Services Administration (ESSA) Corps, one of seven federal uniformed services of the United States, is renamed to NOAA Commissioned Officer Corps under the soon to be formed National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

The Wichita State University football team's "Gold" plane crashes in Colorado, killing most of the players. They were on their way (along with administrators and fans) to a game with Utah State University.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is formed.

The Weather Bureau is renamed to National Weather Service, as part of NOAA.

John T. Scopes, American Scopes Monkey Trial defendant dies.

National Educational Television ends operations, being succeeded by PBS.

In Los Angeles, Rock and blues singer Janis Joplin dies in her hotel room, from an overdose of heroin.

President Richard Nixon's European tour ends.

The Public Broadcasting Service begins broadcasting.

In Paris, a Communist delegation rejects U.S. President Richard Nixon's October 7 peace proposal as "a maneuver to deceive world opinion."

The Khmer Republic is proclaimed in Cambodia which begins the Civil War with the Khmer Rouge.

October Crisis: In Montreal, Quebec, a national crisis hits Canada when Quebec Minister of Labour Pierre Laporte becomes the second statesman kidnapped by members of the FLQ terrorist group.

President Richard Nixon announces that the United States will withdraw 40,000 more troops before Christmas.

The Baltimore Orioles defeat the Cincinnati Reds in Game 5 of the World Series, 9–3, to win the series 4 games to 1 for their 2nd World Championship.

October Crisis: The Canadian government declares a state of emergency and outlaws the Quebec Liberation Front.

October Crisis: Pierre Laporte is found murdered in south Montreal.

Anwar Sadat officially becomes President of Egypt.

Salvador Allende is elected President of Chile.

The wreck of the Confederate submarine Hunley is found off Charleston, South Carolina, by pioneer underwater archaeologist, Dr. E. Lee Spence, then just 22 years old. Hunley was the first submarine in history to sink a ship in warfare.

Garry Trudeau's comic strip Doonesbury debuts in approximately two dozen newspapers in the United States.

In Vietnam, the worst monsoon to hit the area in 6 years causes large floods, kills 293, leaves 200,000 homeless and virtually halts the Vietnam War.


Democrats sweep the U.S. Congressional midterm elections; Ronald Reagan is reelected governor of California; Jimmy Carter is elected governor of Georgia.

Salvador Allende becomes president of Chile.

The United States turns control of the air base in the Mekong Delta to South Vietnam.

Social workers in Los Angeles, California take custody of Genie, a girl who had been kept in solitary confinement since her birth.

The United States Military Assistance Command in Vietnam reports the lowest weekly American soldier death toll in 5 years (24 soldiers die that week, which is the fifth consecutive week the death toll is below 50; 431 are reported wounded that week, however). br> Tom Dempsey, who was born with a deformed right foot and right hand, sets a National Football League record by kicking a 63-yard field goal to lift the New Orleans Saints to a 19-17 victory over the Detroit Lions at Tulane Stadium.

The Supreme Court of the United States votes 6–3 not to hear a case by the state of Massachusetts, about the constitutionality of a state law granting Massachusetts residents the right to refuse military service in an undeclared war.

Charles de Gaulle dies and 63 heads of state attend his funeral.

For the first time in 5 years, an entire week ends with no reports of United States combat fatalities in Southeast Asia.

Soviet author Andrei Amalrik is sentenced to 3 years for 'anti-Soviet' writings.

Hafez al-Assad comes to power in Syria, following a military coup within the Ba'ath party.

Southern Airlines Flight 932 crashes in Wayne County, West Virginia; all 75 on board, including 37 players and 5 coaches from the Marshall University football team, are killed.

Lieutenant William Calley goes on trial for the My Lai massacre.

President Richard Nixon asks the U.S. Congress for US$155 million in supplemental aid for the Cambodian government (US $85 million is for military assistance to prevent the overthrow of the government of Premier Lon Nol by the Khmer Rouge and North Vietnam).

The United Nations Security Council demands that no government recognize Rhodesia.

European Economic Community prime ministers meet in Munich.

Syrian Prime Minister Hafez al-Assad forms a new government but retains the post of defense minister.

A joint Air Force and Army team raids the Son Tay prison camp in an attempt to free American POWs thought to be held there (no Americans are killed, but the prisoners have already moved to another camp; all U.S. POWs are moved to a handful of central prison complexes as a result of this raid).

Rodgers and Hammerstein's Oklahoma! makes its network TV debut, when CBS telecasts the 1955 film version as a 3-hour Thanksgiving special.

Bolivian artist Benjamin Mendoza tries to assassinate Pope Paul VI during his visit in Manila.


The United States Environmental Protection Agency is established.

October Crisis: In Montreal, Quebec, kidnapped British Trade Commissioner James Cross is released by the Front de libération du Québec terrorist group after being held hostage for 60 days. Police negotiate his release and in return the Government of Canada grants 5 terrorists from the FLQ's Chenier Cell their request for safe passage to Cuba.

The U.N. General Assembly supports the isolation of South Africa for its apartheid policies.

Charles Ruggles, American actor dies.

The government of Poland announces food price increases. Riots and looting lead to a bloody confrontation between the rioters and the government on December 15, and martial law December 17–22.

The Grumman F-14 Tomcat makes its first flight.

The North Tower of the World Trade Center is topped out at 1,368 feet (417 m), making it the tallest building in the world.

President Richard Nixon signs into law the Occupational Safety and Health Act.

Paul McCartney sues in Great Britain to dissolve the Beatles' legal partnership.

born in 1970

Paul Ryan, an American politician from the Republican Party, Mitt Romney's running mate in the 2012 United States presidential election; Minnie Driver, English actress; Alonzo Mourning, American basketball player; Queen Latifah, African-American rappe and actress; Lara Flynn Boyle, American actress; Mariah Carey, American singer; Rick Schroder, American actor; Andre Agassi, American tennis player; Uma Thurman, American actress; Tina Fey, American writer, comedian, and actress; Naomi Campbell, British model and actress; Gabrielle Giffords, American politician; Will Forte, American writer, actor and comedian; Sean Hayes, American actor; Chris O'Donnell, American actor; Beck, American singer; Jim Courier, American tennis player; Malcolm-Jamal Warner, African-American actor; Jay Mohr, American actor and comedian; River Phoenix, American actor (d. 1993); Claudia Schiffer, German model; Melissa McCarthy, American actress and comedian; Deborah Gibson, American singer; Zack Ward, Canadian actor; Ani DiFranco, American musician; Kelly Ripa, American actress and talk-show hostess; Matt Damon, American actor; Kirk Cameron, American actor; Ben Bailey, American host of the game show Cash Cab; Ethan Hawke, American actor, writer, and film director; Chris Jericho, Canadian pro wrestler; Tonya Harding, American figure skater; Sarah Silverman, American comedian





Indo-Pakistani War of 1971; United Arab Emirates founded; Cambodian Civil War; Victory Day of Bangladesh; Apollo 14 ; Led Zeppelin; Mariner 9; first microprocessor (the Intel 4004); People's Republic of China; Vietnam War; D. B. Cooper; Walt Disney World opens; Greenpeace founded; Roberto Clemente; Richard Nixon; Lewis Franklin Powell, Jr.; William H. Rehnquist; John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts inaugurated; Attica Prison riots; Concert for Bangladesh; Apollo 15; Northern Ireland; Jim Morrison dies; 26th Amendment; Project Gutenberg begins; World Trade Center finished; lunar rover; Vietnam Veterans for a Just Peace; Pentagon Papers; War on Drugs; Southwest Airlines begins its first flights; Magic Mountain opens; Mariner 9; Mount Etna erupts; desegregation; Charles Manson sentenced; Vietnam War protests; Weather Underground; Hafez al-Assad; William Calley; All In The Family, premiers; Aswan High Dam opens; Idi Amin; Manson Family/Tate-LaBianca murders trial; Nasdaq Composite debuts; Evel Knievel; Seabed Treaty


A ban on radio and television cigarette advertisements goes into effect in the United States.

The landmark television sitcom All In The Family, starring Carroll O'Connor as Archie Bunker, debuts on CBS.

The Aswan High Dam officially opens in Egypt.

Bill W. (William Griffith Wilson), co-founder Alcoholics Anonymous dies.

The Baltimore Colts defeat the Dallas Cowboys, 16-13, in Super Bowl V. The game is plagued by a record combined 11 turnovers, and is not decided until Jim O'Brien kicks a 32-yard field goal with five seconds remaining. Cowboys linebacker Chuck Howley becomes the first player from a losing team to be named Super Bowl MVP.

In Uganda, Idi Amin deposes Milton Obote in a coup, and becomes president.

In Los Angeles, Charles Manson and 3 female "Family" members are found guilty of the 1969 Tate-LaBianca murders.

Coco Chanel, French fashion designer dies.

Intelsat IV (F2) is launched; it enters commercial service over the Atlantic Ocean March 26.

Apollo 14 (carrying astronauts Alan Shepard, Stuart Roosa, and Edgar Mitchell) lifts off on the third successful lunar landing mission.


In Britain, Rolls-Royce goes bankrupt and is nationalised.

Jay C. Flippen, American actor dies.

Apollo 14 lands on the Moon.

A new stock market index called the Nasdaq Composite debuts.

Satchel Paige becomes the first Negro League player to become voted into the Baseball Hall of Fame from the Negro League (as an MLB player, Jackie Robinson was inducted July 23, 1962).

Apollo 14 returns to Earth after the third manned Moon landing.

The US, UK, USSR and others sign the Seabed Treaty, outlawing nuclear weapons on the ocean floor.

Backed by American air and artillery support, South Vietnamese troops invade Laos.

Fifty tornadoes rage in Mississippi, killing 74 people.

Secretary General U Thant signs the United Nations proclamation of the vernal equinox as Earth Day.

Evel Knievel sets a world record and jumps 19 cars in Ontario, California.


A bomb explodes in the men's room at the United States Capitol; the Weather Underground Organization claims responsibility.

Harold Lloyd, American actor and filmmaker dies.

'Fight of the Century': Boxer Joe Frazier defeats Muhammad Ali at Madison Square Garden.

Hafez al-Assad becomes president of Syria.

Pope Cyril VI of Alexandria, Coptic Orthodox Patriarch dies.

The Ed Sullivan Show airs its final episode.

U.S. Army Lieutenant William Calley is found guilty of 22 murders in the My Lai massacre and sentenced to life in prison (he is later pardoned).

Philo T. Farnsworth, American television pioneer dies.

A Los Angeles, California jury recommends the death penalty for Charles Manson and 3 female followers.

Thomas Dewey, Governor of New York and Presidential candidate dies.


Mount Etna erupts in Sicily.

Charles Manson is sentenced to death; in 1972, the sentence for all California Death Row inmates is commuted to life imprisonment.

Igor Stravinsky, Russian composer dies.

Followers of Charles Manson, the Manson Family, are sentenced to the gas chamber.

Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education: The Supreme Court of the United States rules unanimously that busing of students may be ordered to achieve racial desegregation.

Francois Duvalier, president of Haiti, dies; his son Jean-Claude Duvalier follows him as president-for-life.

Five hundred thousand people in Washington, DC and 125,000 in San Francisco march in protest against the Vietnam War.

The Milwaukee Bucks win the NBA World Championship, sweeping the Baltimore Bullets in 4 straight games.


Amtrak begins inter-city rail passenger service in the United States.

Goose Goslin, American baseball player (Washington Senators) dies. 'Sir

The Harris Poll claims that 60% of Americans are against the Vietnam War.

East German leader Walter Ulbricht resigns as Communist Party leader but retains the position of head of state.

1971 May Day Protests: Anti-war militants attempt to disrupt government business in Washington, D.C.; police and military units arrest as many as 12,000, most of whom are later released.

Ogden Nash, American poet dies.

Qantas agrees to pay $500,000 to bomb hoaxer-extortionist Mr. Brown (Peter Macari), who is later arrested.

Six Flags Magic Mountain (Originally opened as Magic Mountain) opens in Valencia, California.

Audie Murphy, American World War II hero and actor dies.

Mariner 9 is launched toward Mars.


Massachusetts passes its Chapter 766 laws enacting Special Education.

Vietnam Veterans for a Just Peace, claiming to represent the majority of U.S. veterans who served in Southeast Asia, speak against war protests.

The New York Times begins to publish the Pentagon Papers.

Representatives of Japan and the United States sign the Okinawa Reversion Agreement, whereby the U.S. will return control of Okinawa.

President Richard Nixon declares the U.S. War on Drugs.

Southwest Airlines, a low cost carrier, begins its first flights between Dallas, Houston, And San Antonio.

Madagascar accuses the U.S. of being connected to the plot to oust the current government; the U.S. recalls its ambassador.

Concert promoter Bill Graham closes the legendary Fillmore East, which first opened on 2nd Avenue (between 5th and 6th Streets) in New York City on March 8, 1968.

New York Times Co. v. United States : The U.S. Supreme Court rules that the Pentagon Papers may be published, rejecting government injunctions as unconstitutional prior restraint.


Jim Morrison, lead singer of The Doors is found dead in his bathtub in Paris, France.

Michael S. Hart posts the first e-book, a copy of the United States Declaration of Independence, on the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign's mainframe computer, the origin of Project Gutenberg; Gloria Steinem;

The 26th Amendment to the United States Constitution, formally certified by President Richard Nixon, lowers the voting age from 21 to 18.

The United Kingdom increases its troops in Northern Ireland to 11,000.

Gloria Steinem makes her Address to the Women of America.

Paced by a prodigious home run by Reggie Jackson, which hits a transformer on the roof of Tiger Stadium, the American League defeats the National League 6-4 in the Major League Baseball All-Star Game in Detroit.

President Richard Nixon announces his 1972 visit to China.

Spanish dictator and head of state Francisco Franco makes Prince Juan Carlos his successor.

The South Tower of the World Trade Center is topped out at 1,362 feet (415 m), making it the second tallest building in the world.

Apollo 15 astronauts David Scott and James Irwin become the first to ride in a lunar rover, a day after landing on the Moon.


Camden, New Jersey erupts in race riots following the beating death of a Puerto Rican motorist by city police. Looting and arson occurred. This is a turning point in Camden's decline to one of the poorest and highest-crime municipalities in the United States. Camden was, however, the site of a 1949 shooting rampage by Howard Unruh, considered by some to be the first mass murderer in the United States. The riots result in the demise of Camden's Sears and A&P branches. Also in 1971, Philadelphia International Records is established, with Camden native Leon Huff as co-founder.

Van Heflin, American actor dies.

In New York City, 40,000 attend the Concert for Bangladesh.

Bennett Cerf, American publisher and television personality dies.

JCPenney debuts its trademark Helvetica wordmark which has been used ever since.

A lunar eclipse lasting 1 hour, 40 minutes, and 4 seconds is observed.

Apollo 15 returns to Earth.

In Northern Ireland: British security forces arrest hundreds of nationalists and detain them without trial in Long Kesh prison; 20 people die in the riots that follow.

Construction begins on the Louisiana Superdome in New Orleans.

Three thousand people from Belfast and Derry flee to the Republic of Ireland because of the violence.

British troops are stationed on the Ireland border to stop arms smuggling.

Nathan Leopold, American murderer dies.

The number of British troops in Northern Ireland is raised to 12,500.=

President Richard Nixon announces that the United States will no longer convert dollars to gold at a fixed value, effectively ending the Bretton Woods system. He also imposes a 90-day freeze on wages, prices and rents.

Australia and New Zealand decide to withdraw their troops from Vietnam.

British troops are engaged in a firefight with the IRA in Derry, Northern Ireland.

Louis Armstrong, African-American jazz trumpeter ("What A Wonderful World") dies.

International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (Intelsat) (effective 12 February 1973).

The USS Manatee (AO-58) spills 1,000 US gallons (3,800 L) of fuel oil on President Nixon's Western White House beach in San Clemente, California.

The first orca to be named Shamu dies.


Manlio Brosio resigns as NATO Secretary General.

Nikita Khrushchev, Soviet leader dies.

A Boeing 727 (Alaska Airlines Flight 1866) crashes into the side of a mountain near Juneau, Alaska, killing all 111 people on board.

In Washington, DC, the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts is inaugurated, with the opening feature being the premiere of Leonard Bernstein's Mass.

Attica Prison riots: – A revolt breaks out at the maximum-security prison in Attica, New York. In the end, state police and the United States National Guard storm the facility; 42 are killed, 10 of them hostages.

Cardinal Jozsef Mindszenty, who has taken refuge in the U.S. Embassy in Budapest since 1956, is allowed to leave Hungary.

Hugo Black, American Supreme Court Justice dies.

A cyclone in the Bay of Bengal, in the Indian state of Odisha, kills 10,000.


Walt Disney World opens in Orlando, Florida.

Greenpeace is founded in Vancouver,Canada.

Sylvester Magee, considered by many to be America's last slave, dies at the age of 130, also making him unofficially the oldest known person to have ever lived.

Dean Acheson, former United States Secretary of State dies.

The Pittsburgh Pirates win the World Series in 7 games against the Baltimore Orioles. The Pirates' Roberto Clemente, who turned into a one-man gang in the Series, becomes the first Latino player to earn World Series MVP honors. Game 4 of the Series is also the first night game ever to be played in the World Series.

In New York City, the Knapp Commission begins public hearings on police corruption.

U.S. President Richard Nixon nominates Lewis Franklin Powell, Jr. and William H. Rehnquist to the U.S. Supreme Court.

The United Nations General Assembly admits the People's Republic of China and expels the Republic of China (or Taiwan).

The total number of American troops still in Vietnam drops to a record low of 196,700 (the lowest since January 1966).

A bomb explodes at the top of the Post Office Tower in London.


The U.S. tests a thermonuclear warhead at Amchitka Island in Alaska, code-named Project Cannikin. At around 5 megatons, it is the largest ever U.S. underground detonation.

Led Zeppelin releases their Fourth Studio album "Led Zeppelin IV", which goes on to sell 23,000,000 copies.

In Cambodia, Khmer Rouge forces attack Phnom Penh and its airport, killing 44, wounding at least 30 and damaging 9 airplanes.

U.S. President Richard M. Nixon sets February 1, 1972, as the deadline for the removal of another 45,000 American troops from Vietnam.

Mariner 9 becomes the first spacecraft to enter Mars orbit successfully.

Intel releases the world's first microprocessor, the Intel 4004.

International Organization and System of Space Communications (Intersputnik) (effective 12 July 1972).

The People's Republic of China takes the Republic of China's seat on the United Nations Security Council

During a severe storm over Washington State, a man calling himself D. B. Cooper parachutes from the Northwest Orient Airlines plane he hijacked, with US$200,000 in ransom money, and is never seen again (as of March 2008, this case remains the only unsolved skyjacking in history).


Cambodian Civil War: Khmer Rouge rebels intensify assaults on Cambodian government positions, forcing their retreat from Kompong Thmar and nearby Ba Ray, 10 kilometers northeast of Phnom Penh.

Ralph Bunche, African-American diplomat dies.

Six Persian Gulf sheikdoms found the United Arab Emirates.

The Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 begins as Pakistan launches preemptive attacks on 9 Indian airbases. The next day India launches a massive invasion of East Pakistan.

The Pakistani submarine PNS Ghazi (former USS Diablo) sinks mysteriously near Indian coast while laying mines.

The Montreux Casino burns down during a Frank Zappa concert (the event is memorialized in the Deep Purple song "Smoke on the Water"). The casino is rebuilt in 1975.

The McGurk's Bar bombing by the UVF in Belfast kills 15.

The John Sinclair Freedom Rally in support of the imprisoned activist features a performance by John Lennon at Crisler Arena, Ann Arbor, MI.

The U.S. dollar is devalued for the second time in history.

Victory Day of Bangladesh: The Pakistan Army in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) surrenders to the freedom fighters of Bangladesh, ending the Bangladesh Liberation War.

Pete Duel, American actor (Alias Smith and Jones) dies.

Intelsat IV (F3) is launched; it enters commercial service over the Atlantic Ocean February 18, 1972.

Juliane Koepcke survives a fall of 10,000 feet following disintegration of LANSA Flight 508.

In the longest game in NFL history, the Miami Dolphins beat the Kansas City Chiefs.

born in 1971

Mary J. Blige, African-American singer; Kid Rock, American rock singer; Sean Astin, American actor; Johnny Knoxville, American actor; Ewan McGregor, Scottish actor; Shannen Doherty, American actress; Allan Houston, American NBA player; Tony Stewart, American race car driver; Noah Wyle, American actor; Mark Wahlberg, American actor and singer; Bobby Jindal, American Governor of Louisiana; Julian Assange, Australian activist; Marc Andreessen, American software developer; Kristi Yamaguchi, American figure skater; Corey Feldman, American actor; Penny Hardaway, American basketball player; Alison Krauss, American country singer; Tom Green, Canadian entertainer; Jeff Gordon, American race car driver; Pete Sampras, American tennis player; Chris Tucker, American actor and comedian; Amy Poehler, American actress; Lance Armstrong, American cyclist; Luke Wilson, American actor; Tiffany, American singer; Sacha Baron Cohen, English comedian and actor; Dannii Minogue, Australian singer; Snoop Dogg, African-American rapper; Winona Ryder, American actress; David DeLuise, American actor; Christina Applegate, American actress; Corey Haim, Canadian actor (d. 2010);p Ricky Martin, Puerto Rican singer





International Year of the Book; Yellow River dries up; Henry Kissinger; Thomas Eagleton; Gulf of Tonkin; U.S. Congressman Hale Boggs disappears; "peace is at hand"; Paris Peace talks; recombinant DNA; Amerindians; George McGovern; HBO debuts; R. Sargent Shriver; Irish Republican Army; Richard Nixon; B-52 Stratofortress; Vietnam War; Pong; Ron Ziegler; Apollo 17; Imelda Marcos is stabbed; International Human Rights Day; Roberto Clemente dies; Harry S. Truman dies; "The Immaculate Reception"; Idi Amin; Trelew massacre; Munich Massacre; Claudy bombing ("Bloody Monday"); George Carlin; "Seven Words You Can Never Say On Television"; Bloody Friday (22 IRA bombs); Jane Fonda; Watergate; J. Edgar Hoover dies; Black Hills flood; fiber optic cable; mining of Haiphong Harbor; George Wallace is shot; Magnavox Odyssey video game system; SALT I treaty; napalm; capital punishment; Howard Hughes' "autobiography"; Clifford Irving; The Godfather ; First Sudanese Civil War; Easter Offensive; Biological Weapons Convention; biological warfare; Kurt Waldheim; Shirley Chisholm; last draft lottery; Provisional Irish Republican Army; Mariner 9; Apollo 16; Luna 20; Pioneer 10; Equal Rights Amendment


Kurt Waldheim becomes Secretary General of the United Nations.

The first scientific hand-held calculator (HP-35) is introduced (price $395).

Rose Heilbron becomes the first woman judge at the Old Bailey in London.

President Richard Nixon orders the development of a space shuttle program..

Howard Hughes speaks by telephone to denounce Clifford Irving's supposed biography of him.

The RMS Queen Elizabeth is destroyed by fire in Hong Kong harbor..

Fears are growing about the economy of the United Kingdom, where unemployment is now exceeding 1 million for the first time since World War II

Japanese soldier Shoichi Yokoi is discovered in Guam; he had spent 28 years in the jungle.

Shirley Chisholm, the first African American Congresswoman, announces her candidacy for President.

Bloody Sunday: The British Army kills 14 unarmed nationalist civil rights marchers in Derry, Northern Ireland.


A bomb explodes at the British Yacht Club in West Berlin, killing Irwin Beelitz, a German boat builder.

The German militant group Movement 2 June announces its support of the Provisional Irish Republican Army.

Anti-British riots take place throughout Ireland. The British Embassy in Dublin is burned to the ground, as are several British-owned businesses.

The last draft lottery is held, a watershed event in the wind-down of military conscription in the United States during the Vietnam era. These draft candidates are never called to duty.

Mariner 9 sends pictures as it orbits Mars.

U.S. airlines begin mandatory inspection of passengers and baggage.

Volkswagen Beetle sales exceed those of the Ford Model T when the 15,007,034th Beetle is produced.

The California Supreme Court voids the state's death penalty, commuting all death sentences to life in prison.

U.S. President Richard M. Nixon makes an unprecedented 8-day visit to the People's Republic of China and meets with Mao Zedong.

Aldershot bombing: An Official IRA bomb kills 7 in Aldershot, England.

A coal sludge spill kills 125 people in Buffalo Creek, West Virginia.

Luna 20 comes back to Earth with 55 grams (1.94 oz) of lunar soil.


The Pioneer 10 spacecraft is launched from Cape Kennedy, to be the first man-made satellite to leave the solar system.

Sculpted figures of Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee, and Stonewall Jackson are completed at Stone Mountain in the state of Georgia.

Clifford Irving admits to a New York court that he had fabricated Howard Hughes' "autobiography".

The 92nd U.S. Congress votes to send the proposed Equal Rights Amendment to the states for ratification.

The Godfather is released in cinemas in the United States.

An avalanche on Mount Fuji kills 19 climbers.

The last trolleybus system in the United Kingdom closes in Bradford, West Riding of Yorkshire after over 60 years of operation.

After 14 years, the last of Leonard Bernstein's Young People's Concerts is telecast by CBS. This last concert is devoted to Gustav Holst's The Planets .

The First Sudanese Civil War ends.

The Easter Offensive begins after North Vietnamese forces cross into the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) of South Vietnam


Vietnam War veteran Richard McCoy, Jr. hijacks a United Airlines jet and extorts $500,000; he is later captured.

The U.S. and the Soviet Union join some 70 nations in signing the Biological Weapons Convention, an agreement to ban biological warfare.

Tombs containing bamboo slips, among them Sun Tzu's Art of War and Sun Bin's lost military treatise, are accidentally discovered by construction workers in Shandong.

Apollo 16 (John Young, Ken Mattingly, Charlie Duke) is launched.

Prompted by the North Vietnamese offensive, the United States resumes bombing of Hanoi and Haiphong.

The first Boston Marathon in which women are officially allowed to compete.

A no-confidence vote against German Chancellor Willy Brandt fails under obscure circumstances.

The fourth anniversary of the Broadway musical Hair is celebrated with a free concert at a Central Park bandshell, followed by dinner at the Four Seasons. There, 13 Black Panther protesters and the show's co-author, Jim Rado, are arrested for disturbing the peace and for using marijuana.


J. Edgar Hoover, Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation since 1924, was found dead in his home by his maid, Annie Fields, deceased from natural causes.

The Los Angeles Lakers won their first NBA title since moving to L.A. from Minneapolis, beating the New York Knicks 114–106 in Game 5.

U.S. Patent issued to Corning Glass, the first ever for fiber optic cable.

President Richard Nixon orders the mining of Haiphong Harbor in Vietnam.

Operation Linebacker and Operation Custom Tailor begin with large-scale bombing operations against North Vietnam by tactical fighter aircraft.

Okinawa is returned to Japan after 27 years of United States Military occupation.

Governor George C. Wallace of Alabama is shot and paralyzed by Arthur Herman Bremer at a Laurel, Maryland, political rally.

Three out of 6 bombs explode in the Axel Springer AG media company offices in Hamburg, Germany, injuring 17; the Red Army Faction claims responsibility.

In St. Peter's Basilica (Vatican City), Laszlo Toth attacks Michelangelo's Pieta statue with a geologist's hammer, shouting that he is Jesus Christ.

The Magnavox Odyssey video game system is first demoed, marking the dawn of the video game age; it goes on sale to the public in August.

Richard Nixon and Leonid Brezhnev sign the SALT I treaty in Moscow, as well as the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty and other agreements.

The Watergate first break-in, the "Ameritas dinner", fails.

Wernher von Braun retires from NASA, frustrated by the agency's unwillingness to pursue a manned trans-orbital space program.

Mark Donohue wins the Indianapolis 500 in the Penske Racing McLaren-Offenhauser.

A second Watergate break-in attempt fails.


Iraq nationalizes the Iraq Petroleum Company.

Associated Press photographer Nick Ut takes his Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph of a naked nine-year-old Phan Thi Kim Phuc running down a road after being burned by napalm.

The Black Hills flood kills 238 in South Dakota.

The first U.S. Libertarian Party National Convention is held in Denver, Colorado.

Five White House operatives are arrested for burglarizing the offices of the Democratic National Committee.

The United States returns Okinawa, occupied and governed since the World War II Battle of Okinawa, to Japan.

Hong Kong's worst flooding and landslides in recorded history with 653.2 millimetres (25.72 in) of rainfall in the previous 3 days. 67 people die due to building collapses in Mid-levels districts landslide and building collapses, with a further 83 due to flooding-related fatalities. It is the second worst fatality due to building collapses, and the worst flooding in Hong Kong's recorded history.

President Richard M. Nixon and White House chief of staff H. R. Haldeman are taped talking about using the C.I.A. to obstruct the F.B.I.'s investigation into the Watergate break-ins.

Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney co-found Atari.

President Richard Nixon announces that no new draftees will be sent to Vietnam.

The Supreme Court of the United States rules that capital punishment is unconstitutional.


Actress Jane Fonda tours North Vietnam, during which she is photographed sitting on a North Vietnamese anti-aircraft gun.

The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms becomes independent from the IRS.

The Democratic National Convention meets in Miami Beach. Senator George McGovern, who backs the immediate and complete withdrawal of U.S. troops from South Vietnam, is nominated for President. He names fellow Senator Thomas Eagleton as his running mate.

The McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle makes its first flight.

Bloody Friday: 22 bombs planted by the Provisional IRA explode in Belfast, Northern Ireland; nine people are killed and 130 seriously injured

Comedian George Carlin is arrested by Milwaukee police for public obscenity, for reciting his "Seven Words You Can Never Say On Television" at Summerfest.

U.S. health officials admit that African-Americans were used as guinea pigs in the Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male.

Operation Motorman 4:00 AM: The British Army begins to regain control of the "no-go areas" established by Irish republican paramilitaries in Belfast, Derry ("Free Derry") and Newry.

Claudy bombing ("Bloody Monday"), 10:00 AM: Three car bombs in Claudy, County Londonderry, kill 9. It becomes public knowledge only in 2010 that a local Catholic priest was an IRA officer believed to be involved in the bombings but his role was covered up by the authorities.


U.S. Senator Thomas Eagleton, the Democratic vice-presidential nominee, withdraws from the race after revealing he was once treated for mental illness.

Arthur Bremer is jailed for 63 years for shooting George Wallace.

Dictator Idi Amin declares that Uganda will expel 50,000 Asians with British passports to Britain within 3 months.

A huge solar flare (one of the largest ever recorded) knocks out cable lines in U.S. It begins with the appearance of sunspots on August 2; an August 4 flare kicks off high levels of activity until August 10.

The Republican National Convention in Miami Beach, Florida renominates U.S. President Richard Nixon and Vice President Spiro Agnew for a second term.

Rhodesia is expelled by the IOC for its racist policies.

John Wojtowicz, 27, and Sal Naturile, 18, hold several Chase Manhattan Bank employees hostage for 17 hours in Gravesend, Brooklyn, N.Y. (an event later dramatized in the film Dog Day Afternoon ).

In the Almirante Zar Naval Base, Argentina, 16 detainees are executed by firing squad in the Trelew massacre.

The 1972 Summer Olympics are held in Munich, West Germany.


The 1972 Summer Olympics continue in Munich, West Germany.

Munich Massacre: Eleven Israeli athletes at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich are murdered after 8 members of the Arab terrorist group Black September invade the Olympic Village; 5 guerillas and 1 policeman are also killed in a failed hostage rescue.

Philippine president Ferdinand Marcos issues Proclamation No. 1081placing the entire country under martial law.

The Canadian national men's hockey team defeats the Soviet national ice hockey team in Game 8 of the 1972 Summit Series 6-5, to win the series 4-3-1.


The first publication reporting the production of a recombinant DNA molecule marks the birth of modern molecular biology methodology.

A breakthrough occurs in the Paris peace talks between Henry Kissinger and Le Duc Tho

R. Sargent Shriver is chosen to replace Thomas Eagleton as the U.S. vice-presidential nominee of the Democratic Party.

En route to the Gulf of Tonkin, a racial riot involving more than 200 sailors breaks out aboard the United States Navy aircraft carrier USS Kitty Hawk; nearly 50 sailors are injured.

Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571: A Fairchild FH-227D passenger aircraft transporting a rugby union team crashes at about 14,000' in the Andes mountain range, near the Argentina/Chile border. Sixteen of the survivors are found alive December 20 but they have had to resort to cannibalism to survive.

A plane carrying U.S. Congressman Hale Boggs of Louisiana and 3 other men vanishes in Alaska. The wreckage has never been found, despite a massive search at the time.

Rioting Maze Prison inmates cause a fire that destroys most of the camp.

Following a visit to South Vietnam, U.S. National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger suggests that "peace is at hand."

The Airbus A300 flies for the first time.

President Richard Nixon approves legislation to increase Social Security spending by US$5.3 billion.


At a scientific meeting in Honolulu, Herbert Boyer and Stanley N. Cohen conceive the concept of recombinant DNA. They publish their results in November 1973 in PNAS. Separately in 1972, Paul Berg also recombines DNA in a test tube. Recombinant DNA technology has dramatically changed the field of biological sciences, especially biotechnology, and opened the door to genetically modified organisms.

A group of Amerindians occupies the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

Republican incumbent Richard Nixon defeats Democratic Senator George McGovern in a landslide (the election had the lowest voter turnout since 1948, with only 55 percent of the electorate voting).

The oldest and longest continuously operating pay television service in the United States, HBO, is launched.

The United States Army turns over the massive Long Binh military base to South Vietnam.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 1,000 (1,003.16) for the first time.

Sean Mac Stiofain, a leader of the Provisional Irish Republican Army, is arrested in Dublin after giving an interview to RTE.

The United States loses its first B-52 Stratofortress of the Vietnam War.

Atari kicks off the first generation of video games with the release of their seminal arcade version of Pong, the first game to achieve commercial success.

The "tea house" Mellow Yellow opens on the Amstel River in Amsterdam, pioneering the legal sale of cannabis in the Netherlands

White House Press Secretary Ron Ziegler tells the press that there will be no more public announcements concerning United States troop withdrawals from Vietnam, due to the fact that troop levels are now down to 27,000.


Edward Gough Whitlam becomes the first Labor Party Prime Minister of Australia for 23 years. He is sworn in on 5 December and his first action using executive power is to withdraw all Australian personnel from the Vietnam War.

Apollo 17 (Gene Cernan, Ronald Evans, Harrison Schmitt), the last manned Moon mission to date, is launched.

The Provisional Irish Republican Army kidnaps Jean McConville in Belfast.

Imelda Marcos is stabbed and seriously wounded by an assailant; her bodyguards shoot him.

Over $10,000 cash is found in the purse of Watergate conspirator Howard Hunt's wife.

International Human Rights Day is proclaimed by the United Nations.

Eugene Cernan is the last person to walk on the moon, after he and Harrison Schmitt complete the third and final Extra-vehicular activity (EVA) of Apollo 17. This is the last manned mission to the moon of the 20th Century.

The Commonwealth of Australia ordains equal pay for women.

The United Nations Environment Programme is established as a specialized agency of the United Nations.

Apollo 17 returns to Earth, concluding the program of lunar exploration.

East Germany and West Germany recognize each other.

A peace delegation that includes singer-activist Joan Baez and human rights attorney Telford Taylor visit Hanoi to deliver Christmas mail to American prisoners of war (they will be caught in the Christmas bombing of North Vietnam).

A 6.25 Richter scale earthquake in Nicaragua kills 5,000–12,000 people in the capital, Managua.

The Pittsburgh Steelers win their first ever post-season NFL game, defeating the Oakland Raiders 13–7, on a last second play that becomes known as "The Immaculate Reception".

Swedish Prime minister Olof Palme compares the American bombings of North Vietnam to Nazi massacres. The U.S. breaks diplomatic contact with Sweden.

The Christmas bombing of North Vietnam causes widespread criticism of the U.S. and President Richard Nixon.

Former United States President Harry S. Truman dies in Kansas City, Missouri.

The bones of Martin Bormann are identified in Berlin.

Roberto Clemente dies in a plane crash off the coast of Puerto Rico while en route to deliver aid to Nicaraguan earthquake victims.

The US ban on the pesticide DDT takes effect.

They grow up so quickly

born in 1972

Rob Thomas, American singer-songwriter (Matchbox Twenty); Michael Chang, American tennis player; Antonio Sabato Jr., Italian actor; Shaquille O'Neal, African-American basketball player; Elvis Stojko, Canadian figure skater; Jennie Garth, American actress; Jennifer Garner, American actress; Carmen Electra, American actress and singer; Dwayne Johnson, American professional wrestler and actor; Busta Rhymes, African-American rapper and actor; The Notorious B.I.G., African-American rapper (d. 1997); Wayne Brady, African-American comedian; Marlon Wayans, African-American actor, comedian and producer; Maya Rudolph, African-American actress, comedian; Wil Wheaton, American actor; Ben Affleck, American actor; Cameron Diaz, American actress; Chris Tucker, American actor; Gwyneth Paltrow, American actress; Eminem, American rapper and actor; Brad Paisley, American singer-songwriter and musician; Jenny McCarthy, American actress and model; Alyssa Milano, American actress; Jude Law, British actor; Joey McIntyre, American actor and singer (New Kids on the Block)





The New International Version of the New Testament translated into modern American English is published; Lite Beer test marketed in the U.S. by the Miller Brewing Company; Evel Knievel stunt-cycle; Yom Kippur War; Spiro T. Agnew resigns; Arab Oil Embargo; energy crisis; Saturday Night Massacre; Sydney Opera House opens; Canon City meteorite; Robert Bork; Leon Jaworski; Watergate Special Prosecutor; War Powers Resolution veto/override; Trans-Alaska Pipeline Authorization Act/Alaska Pipeline; "I am not a crook"; an 18 1/2 minute gap in one of the White House tapes; Gerald Ford; The Sting; Endangered Species Act; Ferdinand Marcos; George Steinbrenner; Roe v. Wade; Lyndon B. Johnson dies; the Paris Peace Accords; American Indian Movement/Wounded Knee;The Dark Side of the Moon,; first handheld mobile phone call; last United States soldier leaves Vietnam; The Young and the Restless debuts; Last episode of Laugh-In; Bull Connor; Irish Republican Army; Comet Kohoutek; World Trade Center opens; first designated hitter in Major League Baseball; Federal Express begins operations; White House aides H. R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman resign; Sears Tower completed; Summer Jam at Watkins Glen; Stockholm syndrome; The Battle of the Sexes: Billie Jean King defeats Bobby Riggs; Jim Croce dies; Secretariat, Leonid Brezhnev; Gordon Johncock


The United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland and Denmark enter the European Economic Community, which later becomes the European Union.

CBS sells the New York Yankees for $10 million to a 12-person syndicate led by George Steinbrenner (3.2 million dollars less than CBS bought the Yankees for).

Edward G. Robinson, American actor dies.

American rock band "Aerosmith" releases their debut album.

Elvis Presley's concert in Hawaii is the first worldwide telecast by an entertainer, that is watched by more people than watched the Apollo moon landings.

Super Bowl VII: The Miami Dolphins defeat the Washington Redskins, 14-7, at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, to complete the NFL's first Perfect Season in front of 90,182 fans.

Citing progress in peace negotiations, U.S. President Richard Nixon announces the suspension of offensive action in North Vietnam.

Ferdinand Marcos becomes President for Life of the Philippines.

U.S. President Richard Nixon is inaugurated for his second term.

Roe v. Wade: The U.S. Supreme Court overturns state bans on abortion.

George Foreman defeats Joe Frazier to win the heavyweight world boxing championship.

Former U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson dies at his Stonewall, Texas ranch, leaving no former U.S. President living until the resignation of Richard Nixon in 1974.

U.S. President Richard Nixon announces that a peace accord has been reached in Vietnam.

U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War ends with the signing of the Paris Peace Accords.

Pan American and Trans World Airlines cancelled their options to buy 13 Concorde airliners.


Construction on the CN Tower begins.

The first American prisoners of war are released from Vietnam.

The United States dollar is devalued by 10%.

Wally Cox, American actor dies.

Libyan Arab Airlines Flight 114 (Boeing 727) is shot down by Israeli fighter aircraft over the Sinai Desert, after the passenger plane is suspected of being an enemy military plane. Only 5 (1 crew member and 4 passengers) of 113 survive.

Following President Richard Nixon's visit to mainland China, the United States and the People's Republic of China agree to establish liaison offices.

The American Indian Movement occupies Wounded Knee, South Dakota.


Pink Floyd's The Dark Side of the Moon , one of rock's landmark albums, is released in the US on March 2. It is released in the UK on March 24.

Comet Kohoutek is discovered.

Northern Ireland sovereignty referendum (the "Border Poll"): 98.9% of those voting in the province want Northern Ireland to remain within the United Kingdom. Turnout is 58.7%, although less than 1% for Catholics.

Provisional Irish Republican Army bombs explode in Whitehall and the Old Bailey in London.

Bull Connor, Commissioner of Public Safety for the city of Birmingham, Alabama during the American Civil Rights Movement dies.

Last episode of original Laugh-In airs on NBC. The show will continue with re-runs until May 14, 1973.

The Lofthouse Colliery disaster occurs in Great Britain. Seven miners are trapped underground; none survive.

Noel Coward, English composer and playwright dies.

In a letter to Judge John Sirica, Watergate burglar James W. McCord, Jr. admits that he and other defendants have been pressured to remain silent about the case. He names former Attorney General John Mitchell as 'overall boss' of the operation.

TV Soap Opera, The Young and the Restless debuts on CBS.

Frankie Frisch, American baseball player (St. Louis Cardinals) dies.

At the 45th Academy Awards, The Godfather wins best picture.

Pearl S. Buck, American writer dies.

The last United States soldier leaves Vietnam.


The first handheld mobile phone call is made by Martin Cooper of Motorola in New York City.

The World Trade Center officially opens in New York City with a ribbon cutting ceremony.

Pioneer 11 is launched on a mission to study the Solar System.

Ron Blomberg of the New York Yankees becomes the first designated hitter in Major League Baseball.

Artist Pablo Picasso dies at his home in France.

Israeli commandos raid Beirut, assassinating 3 leaders of the Palestinian Resistance Movement. The Lebanese army's inaction brings the immediate resignation of Prime Minister Saib Salam, a Sunni Muslim.

The British House of Commons votes against restoring capital punishment by a margin of 142 votes.

Irene Ryan, American actress dies.

Federal Express officially begins operations, with the launch of 14 small aircraft from Memphis International Airport. On that night, Federal Express delivers 186 packages to 25 U.S. cities from Rochester, New York, to Miami, Florida.

The Morganza Spillway on the Mississippi River is opened for the first time to prevent catastrophic flooding of New Orleans.

The first day of trading on the Chicago Board Options Exchange.

Six Irishmen, including Joe Cahill, are arrested by the Irish Naval Service off County Waterford, on board a coaster carrying 5 tons of weapons destined for the Provisional Irish Republican Army.

President Richard Nixon announces that top White House aides H. R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman, and others have resigned.


The Sears Tower in Chicago is finished, becoming the world's tallest building at 1,451 feet.

Secretariat wins the Kentucky Derby in a dramatic come from behind victory and setting a new Derby record of 1:59 2/5ths.

Vaughn Monroe, American singer dies.

Led Zeppelin plays before 56,800 persons at Tampa Stadium on the band's 1973 North American Tour, thus breaking the August 15, 1965 record of 55,600 set by The Beatles at Shea Stadium.

A 71-day standoff between federal authorities and American Indian Movement activists who were occupying the Pine Ridge Reservation at Wounded Knee, South Dakota, ends with the surrender of the militants.

The Montreal Canadiens win the Stanley Cup 4 games to 2 over the Chicago Blackhawks, Yvan Cournoyer was voted MVP.

The New York Knicks defeat the Los Angeles Lakers, 102-93 in Game 5 of the NBA Finals to win the NBA title.

Bobby Riggs challenges and defeats Margaret Court, the world's #1 women's player, in a nationally-televised tennis match set in Ramona, CA northeast of San Diego. Riggs wins 6-2, 6-1 which leads to the huge Battle of the Sexes match against Billie Jean King later in the year on September 20.

Skylab, the United States' first space station, is launched.

The British House of Commons votes to abolish capital punishment in Northern Ireland.

Watergate scandal: Televised hearings begin in the United States Senate.

Secretariat wins the Preakness Stakes by 2 1/2 lengths over the amazingly quick 2nd placed Sham. A malfunction in the track's timing equipment prevented a confirmed new track record.

Lord Lambton resigns from the British government over a 'call girl' scandal.

Royal Canadian Mounted Police celebrate 100 year anniversary.

Skylab 2 is launched on a mission to repair damage to the recently launched Skylab space station.

By virtue of the non-retroactivity of Soviet copyright laws, all works published before this date are public domain. This applies worldwide.

Gordon Johncock wins the Indianapolis 500 after only 133 laps, due to rain. (The race was begun May 28 but called due to rain.)


A patent for the ATM is granted to Donald Wetzel, Tom Barnes and George Chastain.

Secretariat wins the Belmont Stakes shattering the record by an unbelievable 2 3/5ths seconds, becoming the first Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing winner since 1948.

Dory Funk, American professional wrestler dies.

U.S. President Richard Nixon begins several talks with Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev.

The submersible Johnson Sea Link becomes entangled on the wreckage of the USS Fred T. Berry off Key West, Florida. The submersible is brought to the surface the following day, but 2 of the 4 men aboard die of carbon dioxide poisoning.

William Inge, American playwright dies.

W. Mark Felt (confirmed as "Deep Throat" in 2005) retires from the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev addresses the American people on television, the first to do so.

Former White House counsel John Dean begins his testimony before the Senate Watergate Committee.

A very long total solar eclipse occurs. During the entire 2nd millennium, only 7 total solar eclipses exceeded 7 minutes of totality.


The United States Drug Enforcement Administration is founded.

Otto Klemperer, German-born conductor dies.

The United States Congress passes the Education of the Handicapped Act (EHA) mandating Special Education federally.

Veronica Lake, American actress dies.

The New York Mets fall 12 1/2 games back in last place of the National League Eastern Division.

Lon Chaney, Jr., American actor dies.

Former White House aide Alexander Butterfield informs the United States Senate Watergate Committee that President Richard Nixon had secretly recorded potentially incriminating conversations.

Bruce Lee, American actor, philosopher, founder of Jeet Kune Do, dies in Hong Kong of cerebral edema (six days later his final film Enter the Dragon is released).

The Summer Jam at Watkins Glen, a massive rock festival featuring the Grateful Dead, The Allman Brothers Band and The Band, attracts over 600,000 music fans.

Skylab 3 (Owen Garriott, Jack Lousma, Alan Bean) is launched, to conduct various medical and scientific experiments aboard Skylab.

Formula One racing driver Roger Williamson dies in an accident, witnessed live on European television, during the 1973 Dutch Grand Prix.

An 11-year legal action for the victims of Thalidomide ends.

Eddie Rickenbacker, American World War I flying ace dies.

A Delta Air Lines DC-9 aircraft flying as Delta Air Lines Flight 173 lands short of Boston's Logan Airport runway in poor visibility, striking a sea wall about 165 feet (50 m) to the right of the runway centerline and about 3,000 feet (914 m) short. All 6 crew members and 83 passengers are killed, 1 of the passengers dying several months after the accident.


John Ford, American film director dies.

South Korean politician Kim Dae-jung is kidnapped in Tokyo by the KCIA.

The death of Dean Corll leads to the discovery of the Houston Mass Murders: 28 boys were killed by 3 men.

Fulgencio Batista dies.

The U.S. bombing of Cambodia ends, officially halting 12 years of combat activity in Southeast Asia according to the Case-Church Amendment-an act that .prohibits military operations in Laos, Cambodia, and North and South Vietnam

The Norrmalmstorg robbery occurs, famous for the origin of the term Stockholm syndrome.


Art Garfunkel finally releases his solo debut album Angel Clare, 17 years after starting his career.

J. R. R. Tolkien, British writer dies.

The two German Republics, the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (East Germany), are admitted to the United Nations.

The Battle of the Sexes: Billie Jean King defeats Bobby Riggs in a televised tennis match, 6-4, 6-4, 6-3, at the Astrodome in Houston, Texas. With an attendance of 30,492, this remains the largest live audience ever to see a tennis match in US history. The global audience that viewed on television in 36 countries was estimated at 90 million.

Singer-songwriter Jim Croce dies following a gig at Northwestern State University in Natchitoches, La., Croce boarded a small chartered plane that crashed on takeoff. All six people aboard were killed.

King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden dies.

Henry Kissinger, United States National Security Advisor, starts his term as United States Secretary of State.

Salvador Allende, President of Chile dies.

The Oakland Raiders defeat the Miami Dolphins 12-7, ending the Dolphins' unbeaten streak at 18. It is the Miami Dolphins' first loss since January 16, 1972 in Super Bowl VI.

Ralph Earnhardt, American race car driver dies.

Yankee Stadium, known as "The House That Ruth Built", closes for a two-year renovation at a cost of $160 million. The New York Yankees play all of their home games at Shea Stadium in 1974 and 1975.


IDEAL Toys debuts Evel Knievel stunt-cycle, it would go on to become one of the best-selling toys of Christmas 1973.

Gene Krupa, American jazz drummer dies.

Yom Kippur War begins: The fourth and largest Arab-Israeli conflict begins, as Egyptian and Syrian forces attack Israeli forces in the Sinai Peninsula and Golan Heights on Yom Kippur.

French Formula One driver François Cevert is killed in the Tyrrell 003-Cosworth during the U.S. Grand Prix. Cevert's teammate, World Champion Jackie Stewart, announces his retirement after the event.

Spiro T. Agnew resigns as Vice President of the United States and then, in federal court in Baltimore, Maryland, pleads no contest to charges of income tax evasion on $29,500 he received in 1967, while he was governor of Maryland. He is fined $10,000 and put on 3 years' probation.

The New York Mets win baseball's National League pennant, defeating the heavily favored Cincinnati Reds 3 games to 2.

Walt Kelly, American cartoonist dies.

The Arab Oil Embargo against several countries which support Israel triggers the 1973 energy crisis.

The Saturday Night Massacre: U.S. President Richard Nixon orders Attorney General Elliot Richardson to dismiss Watergate Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox. Richardson refuses and resigns, along with Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus. Solicitor General Robert Bork, third in line at the Department of Justice, then fires Cox. The event raises calls for Nixon's impeachment.

The Sydney Opera House is opened by Elizabeth II after 14 years of construction work.

The Oakland Athletics win baseball's World Series, defeating the New York Mets 4 games to 3.

The Yom Kippur War ends.

The Canon City meteorite, a 1.4 kilogram chondrite type meteorite, strikes Earth in Fremont County, Colorado.

Mountjoy Prison helicopter escape: Three Provisional Irish Republican Army members escape from Mountjoy Prison, Dublin, Republic of Ireland after a hijacked helicopter lands in the exercise yard.


Acting Attorney General Robert Bork appoints Leon Jaworski as the new Watergate Special Prosecutor.

Allan Sherman, American comedy writer, television producer, and song parodist dies.

NASA launches Mariner 10 toward Mercury (on March 29, 1974 it becomes the first space probe to reach that planet).

David "Stringbean" Akeman, American banjo player dies.

The Congress of the United States overrides President Richard Nixon's veto of the War Powers Resolution, which limits presidential power to wage war without congressional approval.

Egypt and Israel sign a United States-sponsored cease-fire accord.

In the United Kingdom, Princess Anne marries Captain Mark Phillips in Westminster Abbey (they divorce in 1992).

NASA launches Skylab 4 (Gerald Carr, William Pogue, Edward Gibson) from Cape Canaveral, Florida on an 84-day mission.

U.S. President Richard Nixon signs the Trans-Alaska Pipeline Authorization Act into law, authorizing the construction of the Alaska Pipeline.

In Orlando, Florida, U.S. President Richard Nixon tells 400 Associated Press managing editors "I am not a crook."

U.S. President Richard Nixon's attorney, J. Fred Buzhardt, reveals the existence of an 18 1/2minute gap in one of the White House tape recordings related to Watergate.

Greek dictator George Papadopoulos is ousted in a military coup led by Brigadier General Dimitrios Ioannidis.

The United States Senate votes 92-3 to confirm Gerald Ford as Vice President of the United States.

104 people are killed in a Taiyo department store fire in Kumamoto, Kyūshū, Japan.


Pioneer 10 sends back the first close-up images of Jupiter.

David Ben-Gurion, Prime Minister of Israel dies.

The United States House of Representatives votes 387-35 to confirm Gerald Ford as Vice President of the United States; he is sworn in the same day.

The American Psychiatric Association removes homosexuality from its DSM-II.

O.J. Simpson of the Buffalo Bills became the first running back to rush for 2,000 yards in a pro football season.

Spanish prime minister Luis Carrero Blanco is assassinated in Madrid by the terrorist organization ETA.

Bobby Darin, American singer, songwriter, musician and actor.

OPEC doubles the price of crude oil

Movie premier for The Sting starring Robert Redford and Paul Newman in Manhattan.

The Endangered Species Act is passed in the United States.

In the United Kingdom, due to coal shortages caused by industrial action, the Three-Day Week electricity consumption reduction measure comes into force.

Well, Buddy have a drink (they're quite old enough now)

Born in 1973

Jalen Rose, American basketball player; Portia de Rossi, American actress; Oscar de la Hoya, American boxer; Jason Kidd, American basketball player; Jim Parsons, American actor; David Blaine, American magician; Pharrell Williams, American musician ; Tori Spelling, American actress; Demetri Martin, American comedian; Neil Patrick Harris, American actor; Carson Daly, American talk show host; Monica Lewinsky, American former White House intern; Dave Chappelle, African-American actor, comedian; Lisa Ling, American journalist; Paul Walker, American actor, founder Reach Out Worldwide (ROWW), an organization providing relief efforts for areas affected by natural disasters. (d. 2013); James Marsden, American actor; Mario Lopez, American actor; Seth MacFarlane, American animator and voice actor; Nick Lachey, American singer (98 Degrees); Monica Seles, Yugoslavian-born tennis player; Holly Marie Combs, American actress; Seth Meyers, American actor and comedian





The last Japanese World War II soldier surrenders; Cyclone Tracy; Harold Wilson; Rumble in the Jungle; The Amityville Horror ; Birmingham Six; Australopithecus afarensis/Lucy; Rubik's Cube; Dungeons and Dragons; Richard Nixon announces his resignation; Gerald R. Ford succeeds Richard Nixon as the 38th President; Terracotta Army; tornado outbreak; Carrie; ABBA; Hank Aaron ties/passes Babe Ruth for the all-time home run record; "Tania"/Patty Hearst; Project Smiling Buddha (India successfully detonates its first nuclear weapon); Universal Product Code; Ethiopian Civil War begins; Skylab 4; People Weekly debuts; end of 1973 oil crisis; world population reaches 4 billion


Bulent Ecevit, of CHP forms the new government of Turkey (37th government, partner MSP).

Samuel Goldwyn, Polish-born American film studio executive dies.


The General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon makes its first flight at Edwards AFB, CA.

After a record 84 days in orbit, the crew of Skylab 4 returns to Earth.


Following a hung parliament in the United Kingdom general election, Conservative prime minister Edward Heath resigns and is succeeded by Labour's Harold Wilson, who previously led the country from 1964 to 1970.

People Weekly magazine's first issue released in the U.S. Mia Farrow is on the cover.

Charles de Gaulle Airport opens in Paris, France.

Chet Huntley, American television reporter dies.

Japanese holdout: A Japanese World War II soldier, Second Lieutenant Hiroo Onoda, surrenders in the Philippines.

End of 1973 oil crisis: Most OPEC nations end a 5-month oil embargo against the United States, Europe and Japan.

The Terracotta Army of Qin Shi Huang is discovered at Xi'an, China.


The world population reaches 4 billion people estimated by the United States Census Bureau.

French president President Georges Pompidou, dies of cancer at 63. Alain Poher succeeds him immediately and Valéry Giscard d'Estaing wins the presidential contest in May 1974.

Georges Pompidou, President of France dies.

An enormous outbreak of tornadoes strikes the central parts of the United States, killing around 319 people. Known as the "Super Outbreak", the event is the largest and deadliest of its kind until the April 25-28, 2011 tornado outbreak.

Bud Abbott, American actor (Abbott and Costello) dies.

Hank Aaron ties Babe Ruth for the all-time home run record with his 714th at Cincinnati.

Stephen King publishes Carrie, his first novel under his own name.

Swedish pop group ABBA win the 1974 Eurovision Song Contest with Waterloo.

Hank Aaron became the all-time MLB home run leader with his 715th at Atlanta in front of a national television audience.

Agnes Moorehead, American actress dies.

As "Tania", Patty Hearst is photographed wielding an M1 carbine while robbing the Sunset District branch of the Hibernia Bank in San Francisco.


Nuclear test: Under Project Smiling Buddha, India successfully detonates its first nuclear weapon, becoming the 6th nation to do so.

Duke Ellington, American jazz pianist and bandleader dies.

The Philadelphia Flyers defeat the Boston Bruins to become the first team from the 1967 NHL expansion class to win the Stanley Cup in the North American National Hockey League.


The Universal Product Code is scanned for the first time, to sell a package of Wrigley's chewing gum at the Marsh Supermarket in Troy, Ohio.

Isabel Peron is sworn in as the first female President of Argentina, replacing her sick husband Juan Peron, who dies 2 days later.


Earl Warren, Governor of California and Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court dies.

"Mama" Cass Elliot, American vocalist dies.

West Germany beats the Netherlands 2-1 to win the 1974 FIFA World Cup.

Joe Flynn, American actor dies.

Dizzy Dean, American baseball player (St. Louis Cardinals) dies.

Two weeks after the attraction's opening, an 18 year old employee is crushed to her death while working on America Sings at Disneyland. This is the first casualty to occur to an employee at a Disney Park.

News anchor Christine Chubbuck commits suicide during a live broadcast on WXLT-TV in Sarasota, Florida.


Watergate scandal: U.S. President Richard Nixon announces his resignation (effective August 9).

Charles Lindbergh, American aviator dies.

Vice President Gerald Rudolph Ford succeeds Richard Milhous Nixon as the 38th President of the United States of America.

Turkey invades Cyprus for the second time, occupying 37% of the island's territory.


Phog Allen, American basketball and baseball player dies.

TWA Flight 841 crashes into the Ionian Sea 18 minutes after take off from Athens, after a bomb explodes in the cargo hold, and kills 88 people.

Walter Brennan, American actor dies.

Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia is deposed by the Derg, bringing an end to the Solomonic dynasty's rule since 1270. The Ethiopian Civil War begins.


The UK Labour government of Harold Wilson wins the second general election of the year, forming a three-seat majority. Wilson, who has led the party for a total of 11 years, has now won four of the five general elections he has contested.

Ed Sullivan, American television host dies.

The Rumble in the Jungle takes place in Kinshasa, Zaire, where Muhammad Ali knocks out George Foreman in 8 rounds to regain the Heavyweight title, which had been stripped from him 7 years earlier.


The World Tourism Organization (WTO or WToO) is established.

Massacre of the Sixty in Ethiopia of government and military officials.

Ronald DeFeo, Jr., murders his entire family in their home in Amityville on Long Island, an event that inspires the story of The Amityville Horror .

U Thant, Burmese diplomat and Secretary-General of the United Nations dies.

Birmingham pub bombings: In Birmingham, England, two pubs are bombed, killing 21 people in an attack widely believed at the time to be linked to the Provisional Irish Republican Army. The Birmingham Six are later sentenced to life in prison for this, but their convictions are quashed after a lengthy campaign

The United Nations General Assembly grants the Palestine Liberation Organization observer status.

Endelkachew Makonnen, politician and Prime Minister of Ethiopia dies.

A skeleton from the hominid species Australopithecus afarensis is discovered and named Lucy.

In a rare public performance, former Beatle John Lennon joins Elton John on stage at Madison Square Garden in New York City.


A Boeing 727 carrying TWA Flight 514 crashes 25 miles (40 km) northwest of Dulles International Airport during bad weather, killing all 92 people on board.

Richard Long, American actor dies.

The Paris summit, reuniting the European communities' heads of state and government, commences.

Darwin, Australia is almost completely destroyed by Cyclone Tracy.

Jack Benny, American comedian dies.

Japanese holdout: The last Japanese World War II soldier, Taiwan-born Private Teruo Nakamura, surrenders on the Indonesian island of Morota, 34 years after beginning service in the Imperial Japanese Army.

They never call...

Born in 1974

Kate Moss, English model; Tiffani Thiessen, American actress ; Christian Bale, English actor; Seth Green, American actor; Jerry O'Connell, American actor; David Faustino, American actor; Marcus Camby, American basketball player; Lark Voorhies, American actress and singer; Danny Pino, Cuban American actor; Victoria Beckham, English singer (Spice Girls); Barry Watson, American actor; Penelope Cruz, Spanish actress; Adam Richman, American actor and television personality; Jewel, American singer; Cee Lo Green, African-American singer; Alanis Morissette, Canadian singer; Bear Grylls, British survivalist ; Derek Jeter, African-American baseball player; Rob Dyrdek, American skateboarder; Hilary Swank, American actress; Ryan Phillippe, American actor; Rasheed Wallace, American basketball player; Jimmy Fallon, American actor and comedian (Saturday Night Live, The Tonight Show); Dale Earnhardt, Jr., American race car driver; Joaquin Phoenix, American actor; Nelly, American rapper; Ryan Adams, American singer and songwriter; Leonardo DiCaprio, American actor; Ryan Seacrest, American television personality





Fall of Saigon; West German embassy siege; Cambodian Civil War ends; Operation Babylift; Bill Gates and Paul Allen found Microsoft; SS Mayaguez; Bobby Unser; Suez Canal re-opens; Indira Gandhi; American Indian Movement (AIM); John Wooden's final game; King Faisal assassinated; Bobby Fischer/Anatoly Karpov; The Rocky Horror Show; Nguyen van Thieu; Provisional Irish Republican Army; World Trade Center fire; John N. Mitchell, H. R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman; Watergate trial; Altair 8800; Wheel of Fortune premieres; Ella Grasso; Space Mountain (Magic Kingdom) opens; Weather Underground; Margaret Thatcher


Altair 8800 is released, sparking the microcomputer revolution.

Volkswagen introduces the Golf, its new front-wheel-drive economy car, in the United States and Canada as the Volkswagen Rabbit.

Watergate scandal: John N. Mitchell, H. R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman are found guilty of the Watergate cover-up.

Wheel of Fortune premieres on NBC.

AM America makes its television debut on ABC.

OPEC agrees to raise crude oil prices by 10%.

Ella Grasso becomes Governor of Connecticut, the first female U.S. governor who did not succeed her husband.

U.S. President Gerald Ford appoints Vice President Nelson Rockefeller to head a special commission looking into alleged domestic abuses by the CIA.

Space Mountain (Magic Kingdom) opens at Walt Disney World, and to this day remains one of the park's most popular attractions.

The Atomic Energy Commission is divided between the ERDA and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

An earthquake strikes Himachal Pradesh, India.

The United States Energy Research and Development Administration is founded, in response to the 1973 oil crisis.

In Hanoi, North Vietnam, the Politburo approves the final military offensive against South Vietnam.

Michael Ovitz founds the Creative Artists Agency.

Work is abandoned on the British end of the Channel Tunnel.

Immaculata University defeats the University of Maryland 80-48 in the first nationally televised women's basketball game in the United States.[2]

The Weather Underground bombs the U.S. State Department main office in Washington, D.C..


Margaret Thatcher defeats Edward Heath for the leadership of the opposition UK Conservative Party. Thatcher, 49, is Britain's first female leader of any political party.

Susan Hayward, American actress dies.

A fire breaks out in the World Trade Center.

P. G. Wodehouse, English writer dies.

Watergate scandal: Former United States Attorney General John N. Mitchell, and former White House aides H. R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman, are sentenced to between 30 months and 8 years in prison.

In response to the energy crisis, daylight saving time commences nearly 2 months early in the United States.

Julian Huxley, British biologist dies.

A fleeing Provisional Irish Republican Army member shoots and kills off-duty London police officer Stephen Tibble, 22, as he gives chase.

Louis Jordan, American musician dies.

A major tube train crash at Moorgate station, London kills 43 people.


Aristotle Onassis, Greek shipping magnate dies.

Charlie Chaplin is knighted by Elizabeth II.

The Rocky Horror Show opens on Broadway in New York City with 4 performances.

Joe Medwick, American baseball player (St. Louis Cardinals) dies.

Vietnam War: South Vietnam President Nguyen van Thieu orders the Central Highlands evacuated. This turns into a mass exodus involving troops and civilians (the Convoy of Tears).

In his final game on the sideline, John Wooden coaches UCLA to its 10th national championship in 12 seasons when the Bruins defeat Kentucky 92-85 in the title game at San Diego, California.

King Faisal of Saudi Arabia is shot and killed by his nephew; the killer is beheaded on June 18. (King Khalid succeeds Faisal.)


Bobby Fischer refuses to play in a chess match against Anatoly Karpov, giving Karpov the title.

Josephine Baker, African-American dancer dies.

Vietnam War: The first military Operation Babylift flight, C5A 80218, crashes 27 minutes after takeoff, killing 138 on board; 176 survive the crash.

Bill Gates and Paul Allen found Microsoft in Albuquerque, New Mexico.

s Fredric March, American actor dies.

The Soviet manned space mission Soyuz 18a ends in failure during its ascent into orbit when a critical malfunction occurs in the second and third stages of the booster rocket during staging, resulting in the cosmonauts and their Soyuz spacecraft having to be ripped free from the vehicle. Both cosmonauts survive.

Asia's first professional basketball league, the Philippine Basketball Association, plays its first game at the Araneta Coliseum.

Chiang Kai-shek, President of the Republic of China dies.

Eight people in South Korea, who are involved in the People's Revolutionary Party Incident, are hanged.

The Khmer Republic surrenders, ending the Cambodian Civil War. The Communist Khmer Rouge guerilla forces capture Phnom Penh, prompting a forcible mass evacuation of the city and starting the genocide.

Six Red Army Faction terrorists take over the West German embassy in Stockholm, take 11 hostages and demand the release of the group's jailed members; shortly after, they are captured by Swedish police ( West German embassy siege).

Vietnam War: As North Vietnamese Army forces close in on the South Vietnamese capital Saigon, the Australian Embassy is closed and evacuated, almost 10 years to the day since the first Australian troop commitment to South Vietnam.

Vietnam War and the Fall of Saigon: The Vietnam War ends as Communist forces from North Vietnam take Saigon, resulting in mass evacuations of Americans and South Vietnamese. As the capital is taken, South Vietnam surrenders unconditionally.


Moe Howard, American actor (The Three Stooges) dies.

Mayaguez incident: Khmer Rouge forces in Cambodia seize the United States merchant ship SS Mayaguez in international waters.

Leroy Anderson, American composer dies.

Mayaguez incident: The American merchant ship Mayaguez , seized by Cambodian forces, is rescued by the U.S. Navy and Marines; 38 Americans are killed.

Junko Tabei becomes the first woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest.

Moms Mabley, African-American comedian dies.

Indianapolis 500: Bobby Unser wins for a second time in a rain-shorted 174 lap, 435 mile (696 km) race.


The Suez Canal opens for the first time since the Six-Day War.

Ozzie Nelson, American actor dies.

Prime Minister Indira Gandhi declares a state of emergency in India, suspending civil liberties and elections.

Rod Serling, American television screenwriter (The Twilight Zone) dies.

Two FBI agents and 1 American Indian Movement (AIM) member die in a shootout, at the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota.


Ruffian, an American champion thoroughbred racehorse breaks down in a match race against Kentucky Derby winner, Foolish Pleasure; she has to be euthanized the following day.

In Detroit, Michigan, former Teamsters Union president Jimmy Hoffa is reported missing.


The Helsinki Accords, which officially recognize Europe's national borders and respect for human rights, are signed in Finland.

Dmitri Shostakovich, Russian composer dies.

The Louisiana Superdome opens in New Orleans.

U.S. President Ford posthumously restores the U.S. citizenship of General Robert E. Lee, military leader of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War.

Haile Selassie I, Emperor of Ethiopia dies.

British Leyland Motor Corporation comes under British government control.

The Birmingham Six are wrongfully sentenced to life imprisonment in Great Britain(they are released 1991).


In Sacramento, California, Lynette Fromme, a follower of jailed cult leader Charles Manson, attempts to assassinate U.S. President Gerald Ford, but is thwarted by a Secret Service agent.

The London Hilton hotel is bombed by the Provisional Irish Republican Army; 2 people are killed and 63 injured

Riverfront Coliseum opens in Cincinnati.

Casey Stengel, American baseball player (Brooklyn Dodgers) and manager (New York Yankees, New York Mets) dies.

Fugitive Patricia Hearst is captured in San Francisco.

U.S. President Gerald Ford survives a second assassination attempt, this time by Sara Jane Moore in San Francisco.

The Spaghetti House siege takes place in London.

The Hughes Helicopters (later McDonnell-Douglas, now Boeing IDS) AH-64 Apache makes its first flight.


Thrilla in Manila: Muhammad Ali defeats Joe Frazier in a boxing match in Manila, Philippines.

NBC airs the first episode of Saturday Night Live (George Carlin is the first host; Billy Preston and Janis Ian the first musical guests).

1975 World Series: The Cincinnati Reds (The Big Red Machine) are defeated by the Boston Red Sox in Game Six off Carlton Fisk's 12th-inning home run to cap off what many consider to be the best World Series game ever played.

The Cincinnati Reds (The Big Red Machine) defeat the Red Sox 4 games to 3 in a broadcast that breaks records for a televised sporting event.

Peter Sutcliffe (the "Yorkshire Ripper") commits his first murder, that of Wilma McCann.

Juan Carlos I of Spain becomes acting Head of State after dictator Francisco Franco concedes that he is too ill to govern.


An independent audit of Mattel, one of the United States' largest toy manufacturers, reveals that company officials fabricated press releases and financial information to "maintain the appearance of continued corporate growth."

The long-running television game show The Price is Right expands from 30 minutes to its current hour-long format on CBS.

United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3379: By a vote of 72–35 (with 32 abstentions), the United Nations General Assembly approves a resolution equating Zionism with racism. The resolution provokes an outcry among Jews around the world. It is repealed in 1991.

The 729-foot (222 m)-long freighter SS Edmund Fitzgerald sinks during a storm 17 miles (27 km) from the entrance to Whitefish Bay on Lake Superior, killing all 29 crew members on board (an event immortalized in song by Gordon Lightfoot).

The "Group of 6" (G-6) industrialized nations is formed.

Former California Governor Ronald Reagan enters the race for the Republican presidential nomination, challenging incumbent President Gerald Ford.

Spanish dictator Francisco Franco dies in Madrid, effectively marking the end of the dictatorship established following the Spanish Civil War and the beginning of Spain's transition to democracy.

Juan Carlos is declared King of Spain following the death of dictator Francisco Franco; he will reign until his abdication in 2014.

The Provisional Irish Republican Army is outlawed in the United Kingdom.

The 1975 cult classic movie The Rocky Horror Picture Show is released in America.

Ross McWhirter, co-founder of the Guinness Book of Records, is shot dead by the Provisional Irish Republican Army for offering reward money to informers.

The name "Micro-soft" (for microcomputer software) is used by Bill Gates in a letter to Paul Allen for the first time (Microsoft becomes a registered trademark on November 26, 1976).

While disabled, the submarine tender USS Proteus (AS-19) discharges radioactive coolant water into Apra Harbor, Guam. A Geiger counter at two of the harbor's public beaches shows 100 millirems/hour, 50 times the allowable dose.


The 1916 wreck of HMHS Britannic is found in the Kea Channel by Jacques Cousteau.

New York City is approved for bailout of 2.3 billion each year through to 1978--6.9 billion total.

Thornton Wilder, American playwright dies.

Six people, including "Carlos the Jackal", kidnap delegates of an OPEC conference in Vienna.

The heavy metal band Iron Maiden is formed by Steve Harris in London.

A bomb explosion at LaGuardia Airport in New York City kills 11.

They grow up so quickly....
Born in 1975

Bradley Cooper, American actor; Sara Gilbert, American actress; Drew Barrymore, American actress; Eva Longoria, American actress; Stacy Ferguson (Fergie), American pop/R&B singer/rapper of the Black Eyed Peas and actress; Zach Braff, American actor; David Beckham, English footballer; Enrique Iglesias, American singer; Jamie Oliver, British chef and television personality; Daniel Tosh, American stand-up comedian; Russell Brand, English comedian; Angelina Jolie, American actress; Allen Iverson, American basketball player; Tobey Maguire, American actor; 50 Cent, American rapper; Alex Rodriguez, American baseball player; Michael Bublé, Canadian musician; Jimmie Johnson, American race car driver; Jesse Tyler Ferguson, American actor; Keith Van Horn, American basketball player; Tiger Woods, American golfer




The Warsaw Pact; Irish Republican Army; Live from Lincoln Center debuts; Microsoft is officially registered; Jimmy Carter defeats incumbent Gerald Ford; Karen Ann Quinlan; Howard Hughes dies; Apple Computer Company is formed; the ABA-NBA merger; Pol Pot; the United States Bicentennial; Norodom Sihanouk; Frampton Comes Alive!, Yuba City bus disaster; Johnny Rutherford; Lebanese Civil War; CN Tower is built; North Vietnam and South Vietnam unite; Nadia Comaneci; Legionnaires' disease; "Son of Sam"; Ebola virus; Jerry Lewis/Dean Martin reunion; Mao Zedong, (Mao Tse Tung); U2 is formed; Songs in the Key of Life.


The Pol Pot regime proclaims a new constitution for Democratic Kampuchea.

Howlin' Wolf, African-American musician died.

The 1976 Flyers-Red Army game results in a 4-1 victory for the National Hockey League's Philadelphia Flyers over HC CSKA Moscow of the Soviet Union.

Would-be Gerald Ford presidential assassin Sara Jane Moore is sentenced to life in prison.

Agatha Christie, English writer (Murder On The Orient Express) died.

Super Bowl X: The Pittsburgh Steelers defeat the Dallas Cowboys, 21-17, in Miami.

Jimmy Carter wins the Iowa Democratic Caucus.

The first commercial Concorde flight takes off.

The United States vetoes a United Nations resolution that calls for an independent Palestinian state.

Paul Robeson, African-American actor, singer, writer, and activist died.

Twelve Provisional Irish Republican Army bombs explode in the West End of London.

Live from Lincoln Center debuts on PBS.


Vince Guaraldi, American musician ( Linus and Lucy) died.

Percy Faith, Canadian-born musician and composer died.

Lee J. Cobb, American actor died.

The 1976 Winter Olympics begin in Innsbruck, Austria.

Sal Mineo, American actor died.

Kathryn Kuhlman, American evangelist and faith healer died.

In Guatemala and Honduras an earthquake kills more than 22,000.

Bernard Montgomery, British field marshal died.


The Maguire Seven are found guilty of possessing explosives and subsequently jailed for 14 years.

The Northern Ireland Constitutional Convention is formally dissolved in Northern Ireland, resulting in direct rule of Northern Ireland from London via the British Parliament.

Two coal mine explosions claim 26 lives at the Blue Diamond Coal Co. Scotia Mine, in Letcher County, Kentucky.

After eight years on NBC, The Wizard of Oz returns to CBS, where it will remain until 1999, setting what was likely then a record for the most telecasts of a Hollywood film on a commercial television network. That record is broken by The Ten Commandments in 1996, which began its annual network telecasts on ABC in 1973.

The New Jersey Supreme Court rules that coma patient Karen Ann Quinlan can be disconnected from her ventilator. She remains comatose and dies in 1985.


Howard Hughes, American aviation pioneer, film director, and eccentric died.

Apple Computer Company is formed by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak.

Norodom Sihanouk is forced to resign as Head of State of Kampuchea by the Khmer Rouge led by Pol Pot and is placed under house arrest.

Phil Ochs, American folk singer and political activist ( Outside of a Small Circle of Friends) died.

Frampton Comes Alive!, the multi-platinum selling live album by English rock musician Peter Frampton hits #1 in the Billboard 200 and remains there for 10 weeks, becoming the best-selling album of the year.

Dagmar Nordstrom, American composer, pianist (Nordstrom Sisters) ) died.

An explosion in an ammunition factory in Lapua, Finland kills 40.

Paul Ford, American actor died.

The United States Treasury Department reintroduces the two-dollar bill as a Federal Reserve Note on Thomas Jefferson's 233rd birthday as part of the United States Bicentennial celebration.


U.S. President Gerald Ford signs the Federal Election Campaign Act.

An accident involving a tanker truck carrying anhydrous ammonia takes place in Houston, Texas, resulting in the deaths of 7 people.

The Yuba City bus disaster, the worst bus crash in U.S. history to date, with 28 students and one teacher killed.

Washington, D.C. Concorde service begins.

U.S. President Gerald Ford defeats challenger Ronald Reagan in 3 Republican presidential primaries: Kentucky, Tennessee and Oregon.

Indianapolis 500-Mile Race: Johnny Rutherford wins the (rain-shortened) shortest race in event history to date, at 102 laps or 255 miles (408 km).

Syria intervenes in the Lebanese Civil War in opposition to the Palestine Liberation Organization, whom it had previously supported.


The Boston Celtics defeat the Phoenix Suns 128-126 in triple overtime in Game 5 of the NBA Finals at the Boston Garden. In 1997, the game is selected by a panel of experts as the greatest of the NBA's first 50 years.

J. Paul Getty, American industrialist, founder of Getty Oil died.

The National Basketball Association and the American Basketball Association agree on the ABA–NBA merger.

Johnny Mercer, American songwriter died.

The CN Tower is built in Toronto; the tallest free-standing land structure opens to the public.


North Vietnam and South Vietnam unite to form the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

United States Bicentennial: From coast to coast, the United States celebrates the 200th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence.

Ted Mack, American radio and television host died.

The first class of women is inducted at the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, MD.

Barbara Jordan is the first African-American to keynote a political convention.

Jimmy Carter is nominated for U.S. President at the Democratic National Convention in New York City.

Albert Spaggiari and his gang break into the vault of the Societe Generale Bank in Nice, France.

The 1976 Summer Olympics begin in Montreal, Canada.

Nadia Comaneci earns the first of 7 perfect scores of 10 at the 1976 Summer Olympics.

Viking program: The Viking 1 lander successfully lands on Mars.

In Los Angeles, Ronald Reagan announces his choice of liberal U.S. Senator Richard Schweiker as his vice presidential running mate, in an effort to woo moderate Republican delegates away from President Gerald Ford.

The United Kingdom breaks diplomatic relations with its former colony Uganda in response to the hijacking of Air France 139.

Delegates attending an American Legion convention at The Bellevue Stratford Hotel in Philadelphia, US, begin falling ill with a form of pneumonia: this will eventually be recognised as the first outbreak of Legionnaires' disease and will end in the deaths of 29 attendees.

In New York City, the "Son of Sam" pulls a gun from a paper bag, killing 1 and seriously wounding another, in the first of a series of attacks that terrorize the city for the next year.

In Santiago, Chile, Cruzeiro from Brazil beats River Plate from Argentina and are the Copa Libertadores de América champions.

NASA releases the famous Face on Mars photo, taken by Viking 1.


The Caribbean nation of Trinidad and Tobago becomes a republic, replacing Elizabeth II with President Ellis Clarke as its head of state.

The Seattle Seahawks play their first football game.

The Great Clock of Westminster (or Big Ben) suffers internal damage and stops running for over 9 months.

Former UK Postmaster General John Stonehouse is sentenced to 7 years' jail for fraud, theft and forgery.

Viking program: Viking 2 enters into orbit around Mars.

Fritz Lang, Austrian-German-American filmmaker, screenwriter and occasional film producer died.

As part of the ABA-NBA merger agreement, a dispersal draft was conducted to assign teams for the players on the two ABA franchises which had folded.

A sniper rampage in Wichita, Kansas on a Holiday Inn results in 3 deaths while 7 others are wounded.

Ten thousand Protestant and Catholic women demonstrate for peace in Northern Ireland.

U.S. President Gerald Ford edges out challenger Ronald Reagan to win the Republican Party presidential nomination in Kansas City.

Jacques Chirac resigns as Prime Minister of France; he is succeeded by Raymond Barre.

The first known outbreak of Ebola virus occurs in Yambuku, Zaire.


Cigarette and tobacco advertising is banned on Australian television and radio.

Dalton Trumbo, American screenwriter, one of the Hollywood Ten died.

Frank Sinatra brings Jerry Lewis's former partner Dean Martin onstage, unannounced, at the 1976 Jerry Lewis MDA Telethon in Las Vegas, reuniting the comedy team for the first (and only) time in over 20 years.

Chairman Mao Zedong, of the People's Republic of China dies.

Patricia Hearst is sentenced to 7 years in prison for her role in a 1974 bank robbery (an executive clemency order from U.S. President Jimmy Carter will set her free after only 22 months).

The Irish rock band U2 is formed after drummer Larry Mullen, Jr. posts a note seeking members for a band on the notice board of his Dublin school.

Stevie Wonder releases his hit album Songs in the Key of Life.


The brand new InterCity 125 High Speed Train is introduced in the United Kingdom.

In San Francisco, during his second televised debate with Jimmy Carter, U.S. President Gerald Ford stumbles when he declares that "there is no Soviet domination of Eastern Europe" (there is at the time).

The Cultural Revolution in China concludes upon the capture of the Gang of Four.

Carlo Gambino, American gangster died.

The People's Republic of China announces that Hua Guofeng is the successor to Mao Zedong, as Chairman of the Communist Party of China.

Ford officially launches volume production of the Fiesta car at its Valencia plant.

The Copyright Act of 1976 extends copyright duration for an additional 20 years in the United States.

The Cincinnati Reds (The Big Red Machine) sweep the New York Yankees in 4 games to win the 1976 World Series.

Clarence Norris, the last known survivor of the Scottsboro Boys, is pardoned.


Jimmy Carter defeats incumbent Gerald Ford, becoming the first candidate from the Deep South to win since the Civil War.

Rosalind Russell, American actress died.

In San Francisco, The Band holds its farewell concert, The Last Waltz.

Microsoft is officially registered with the Office of the Secretary of the State of New Mexico.

Godfrey Cambridge, American actor died.

The Warsaw Treaty Organization joint secretariat is established.


Angola joins the United Nations.

Benjamin Britten, English composer died.

The Sex Pistols achieve public notoriety, as they unleash several 4-letter words live on Bill Grundy's early evening TV show.

Richard J. Daley, Mayor of Chicago for 21 years, dies.

Jack Cassidy, American actor of stage, film, and screen died.

A new volcano, Murara, erupts in eastern Zaire.

Legendary guitarist Freddie King dies.

New to the world in 1976

Chris Cillizza, American journalist; Ja Rule, African-American rapper; Pat Tillman, American footballer (d. 2004); Matthew Shepard, American murder victim (d. 1998); Freddie Prinze, Jr., American actor; Reese Witherspoon, American actress; Wayne Turner, American basketball player; James Roday, American actor, director and screenwriter; Joey Lawrence, American actor; Colin Farrell, Irish actor; Fred Savage, American actor; Adrian Grenier, American actor; Will Friedle, American actor and comedian; Antoine Walker, American basketball player; Ryan Reynolds, Canadian actor





The Beverly Hills Supper Club fire; after losing 26 games, the Tampa Bay Buccaneers record their very first win against the New Orleans Saints; Groucho Marx dies; Apple Computer incorporates; Joan Crawford dies; Gary Gilmore is executed by firing squad; Jimmy Carter succeeds Gerald Ford as the 39th President of the United States Roots; Sir Charles Chaplin dies; Saturday Night Fever; Anwar Sadat/Menachem Begin; Lynyrd Skynyrd plane crash; Food Stamp Act of 1977; Elvis Presley, the "king of rock and roll", dies in his home at Graceland; United States Department of Energy created; the Supremes perform their final concert; Star Wars opens in cinemas; Space Mountain opens at Disneyland; 'Punk is dead.'; the first personal all-in-one computer, the Commodore PET, is demonstrated at the Consumer Electronics Show.


The world's first personal all-in-one computer (keyboard/screen/tape storage), the Commodore PET, is demonstrated at the Consumer Electronics Show in Chicago.

Erroll Garner, American musician, dies.

Apple Computer is incorporated.

Record company EMI dismisses the punk rock group the Sex Pistols.

Gary Gilmore is executed by firing squad in Utah (the first execution after the reintroduction of the death penalty in the U.S.).

Scientists identify a previously unknown bacterium as the cause of the mysterious Legionnaires' disease.

President Gerald Ford pardons Iva Toguri D'Aquino ("Tokyo Rose").

Freddie Prinze, American actor and comedian (Chico and the Man) commits suicide.

Jimmy Carter succeeds Gerald Ford as the 39th President of the United States.

President Jimmy Carter pardons Vietnam War draft evaders.

Roots begins its phenomenally successful run on ABC.

The Great Lakes Blizzard of 1977 hits Buffalo, New York, and the Niagara Region of Southern Ontario.


London's International Times proclaims the famous quote; 'Punk is dead.'

Eddie "Rochester" Anderson, African-American actor (The Jack Benny Show) dies.


Gummo Marx, American actor and comedian dies.

Marquette University, in what would turn out to be coach Al McGuire's final game (he retired at the peak of his success) wins the men's NCAA basketball tournament with a win over the University of North Carolina 67-59.

E. Power Biggs, British-born American organist dies.


The Toronto Blue Jays play their first game against the Chicago White Sox.

The Seattle Mariners play their first-ever game against the California Angels.

The punk band The Clash's debut album The Clash is released.

London Transport's Silver Jubilee buses are launched.

Optical fiber is first used to carry live telephone traffic.
Led Zeppelin sets a new world record attendance for an indoor solo attraction at the Pontiac Silverdome when 76,229 persons attend a concert.


The Likud Party, led by Menachem Begin, wins the national elections in Israel.

Star Wars opens in cinemas and later becomes the historic highest grossing film for that time.

Space Mountain opens at Disneyland and to this day remains as one of the parks most popular attractions.

Joan Crawford, American actress, dies.

The Beverly Hills Supper Club in Southgate, Kentucky, is engulfed in fire; 165 are killed inside.

Indianapolis 500: A. J. Foyt becomes the first driver to win the race 4 times.


The first Apple II series computers go on sale.

The Portland Trail Blazers defeat the Philadelphia 76ers 109-107 to win the National Basketball Association finals four games to two. Bill Walton is selected as the MVP of the series.

Jubilee celebrations are held in the United Kingdom to celebrate 25 years of Elizabeth II's reign.

After campaigning by Anita Bryant and her anti-gay "Save Our Children" crusade, Miami-Dade County, Florida voters overwhelmingly vote to repeal the county's "gay rights" ordinance.

Werner von Braun, German-born American rocket scientist dies.

James Earl Ray escapes from the Brushy Mountain State Prison in Petros, Tennessee; he is recaptured on June 13.

The Supremes perform their final concert together at Drury Lane in London, England and then disband permanently.

Spain has its first democratic elections, after 41 years under the Franco regime.

The Oracle Corporation is incorporated in Redwood Shores, California [as Software Development Laboratories (SDL)]

U.S. President Jimmy Carter announces the cancellation of the B-1 Bomber program (it is later revived by the Reagan Administration).



Groucho Marx, American actor and comedian dies.

Sebastian Cabot, English actor dies.

U.S. President Jimmy Carter signs legislation creating the United States Department of Energy.

Maria Callas, American-born soprano dies.

Mount Usu volcano in Japan erupts.

Francis Gary Powers, American pilot, shot down in 1960 U-2 incident dies.

Alfred Lunt, American actor dies.

David Berkowitz is captured in Yonkers, New York, after over a year of murders in New York City as the Son of Sam.

Leopold Stokowski, English conductor dies.

Zero Mostel, American film and stage actor (A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum) dies.

The NASA Space Shuttle, named Enterprise, makes its first test free-flight from the back of a Boeing 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft.

Elvis Presley, the "king of rock and roll", dies in his home in Graceland at age 42.


The Commodore PET computer is first sold.

The Porsche 928 debuts at the Geneva Motor Show.

The modern Food Stamp Program begins when the Food Stamp Act of 1977 is enacted.


Members of the American southern rock group Lynyrd Skynyrd killed in a plane crash: Cassie Gaines, Steve Gaines, Ronnie Van Zant

The Atari 2600 game system is released.

Bing Crosby, American singer and actor dies.

Anita Bryant is famously pied by four gay rights activists during a press conference in Des Moines, Iowa

Reggie Jackson blasts 3 home runs to lead the New York Yankees to a World Series victory over the Los Angeles Dodgers.


The Kelly Barnes Dam, located above Toccoa Falls Bible College near Toccoa, Georgia fails, killing 39.

San Francisco elects City Supervisor Harvey Milk, the first openly gay elected official of any large city in the U.S.

Guy Lombardo, Canadian-American bandleader dies.

The Bee Gees release the soundtrack toSaturday Night Fever, which will go on to become the then best-selling album of all time.

Egyptian President Anwar Sadat becomes the first Arab leader to make an official visit to Israel, when he meets with Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin.

The Rankin/Bass made-for-TV animated film The Hobbit premieres on NBC.


Sir Charles Chaplin, English-born comedian dies.

The first children's cable channel The Pinwheel Network (later known as Nickelodeon), is launched.

Clementine Churchill, Baroness Spencer-Churchill, Wife of Winston Churchill dies.

After losing 26 games, the Tampa Bay Buccaneers of the US National Football League record their very first win; against the New Orleans Saints.

Charlotte Greenwood, American actress dies.

The WAVES are disbanded; women integrated into the regular Navy.

They're draggin' 35, headed to 40

born in 1977

Dustin Diamond, American actor; Orlando Bloom, British actor; Floyd Mayweather Jr., boxing champion; Jason Aldean, American country music singer; James Van Der Beek, American actor; Sarah Michelle Gellar, American actress; John Cena, American professional wrestler; Tom Welling, American actor; Zachary Quinto, American actor; Kanye West, African-American rapper and record producer; Tom Brady, American football player; Fiona Apple, American singer; John Mayer, American musician and record producer; Matthew Bomer, American film, stage, and television actor; Bode Miller, American skier; Oksana Baiul, Ukrainian figure skater





Just in case you weren't feeling old enough...
Many of you were born during the last full year of the presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower, the year that JFK was elected President.

The Deer Hunter won the Academy Award for Best Picture of the preceding year. Actor in a Leading Role was awarded to Jon Voight in Coming Home and Actress in a Leading Role went to Jane Fonda in Coming Home. Oscar's Original Song award was given to "Last Dance" from Thank God It's Friday.

William Shatner was 'singing' ''Rocket Man'' on the Sci-Fi Film Awards.

We weren't yet asking "Who shot J.R.?" as Dallas premiered on CBS in 1978.


The Blizzard of 1978. Nuff said.

The Sex Pistols played their final show at San Francisco's Winterland Ballroom.

Hubert Humphrey, U.S. Vice President and Senator died.


After pleading guilty to charges of engaging in sex with a 13-year-old girl, film director Roman Polanski jumped bail and ran away to France.

Elton John appeared on The Muppet Show.

Serial killer Ted Bundy was captured for the last time in Pensacola, Florida. He had escaped from prison in Colorado twice during the prior year and killed his final three victims while fleeing from the law in the state of Florida.

Rhodesia, one of two remaining white-ruled African nations, announced that it will accept multiracial democracy within two years.

The Hillside Strangler, a serial killer in Los Angeles, murdered a tenth and final victim.


Charlie Chaplin's body was pilfered from a Swiss cemetery. His remains were found in May.

Publisher Larry Flynt was shot and paralyzed.

Karl Wallenda [of the Flying Wallendas] died after falling off a tight-rope stretched between two hotels in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Former Italian Premier Aldo Moro was kidnapped by the Red Brigades.

Daryl Gates succeeded Robert F. Rock as LAPD's chief.


President Jimmy Carter postponed production of the neutron bomb--which kills people with radiation but leaves buildings relatively undamaged.

Volkswagen became the second (after Rolls-Royce) non-American auto manufacturer to open a plant in the United States, starting production of the Rabbit, the North American edition of the Volkswagen Golf near New Stanton, Pennsylvania.

Actor Will Geer [Grandpa Walton] died.

The U.S. Senate voted to turn the Panama Canal over to Panamanian management on December 31, 1999.


Composer Aram Khachaturian died.

May 5, 1978, Pete Rose of the Cincinnati Reds collected his 3,000th career hit. He became only the 13th major league player to accomplish the feat.

In Rome, the corpse of former Italian prime minister Aldo Moro is found .

Actor Robert Coogan [Uncle Fester's brother] died.

A bomb exploded in the security section of Northwestern University (the first Unabomber attack).

Resorts International, the first legal casino in the eastern United States, opened in Atlantic City, New Jersey.

Al Unser won his third Indianapolis 500.

California voters approved Proposition 13, which cut property taxes nearly 60%.

Killer David Berkowitz, the "Son of Sam," was sentenced to 365 years in prison.

University of California Regents v. Bakke: The Supreme Court prohibited quota systems in college admissions but affirmed the constitutionality of programs which give advantages to minorities.


King Hussein of Jordan married Lisa Halaby, who took the name Queen Noor.

The "Garfield" comic strip made its first appearance in 41 U.S. newspapers.

Actor Bob Crane died.


The movie Grease was at the beginning of an over-three-month dominance of the box office.

Louise Brown, the first "test-tube baby," was born in Oldham, England.

Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band , a much-hyped musical film which starred Peter Frampton and the Bee Gees, opened in theaters. The film was a box office disappointment.


Pope John Paul I succeeded Pope Paul VI, becoming the 263rd Pope. [He died after 33 days. In October 1978, Pope John Paul II succeeded Pope John Paul I, becoming the 264th Pope, the first Polish Pope in history.]

Comedienne Totie Fields died.

Singer and actor Louis Prima died.


Egypt's President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin signed the Camp David Accords, laying the groundwork for a permanent peace agreement between Egypt and Israel.

Keith Moon died of a drug overdose in Curzon Place Mayfair London [in the same apartment where Mama Cass had died].

Actor and ventriloquist Edgar Bergen died.


Singer Jacques Brel was no longer so alive and well.

President Carter signed a bill that authorized the minting of the Susan B. Anthony dollar.

WKRP in Cincinnati aired their classic episode, 'Turkeys Away'. ["As God as my witness, I thought turkeys could fly.'']

The New York Yankees defeated the Los Angeles Dodgers and won the World Series.

Pope John Paul II succeeded Pope John Paul I as the 264th pope, resulting in the first Year of Three Popes since 1605.


Over 900 followers of cult leader Jim Jones died in a mass murder-suicide in Jonestown, Guyana. [Peoples Temple]

Artist and illustrator Norman Rockwell died.

San Francisco Mayor George Moscone and City Supervisor Harvey Milk were assassinated by former Supervisor Dan White.

Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin won the Nobel Peace Prize.


Dianne Feinstein succeeded the murdered George Moscone as San Francisco, California's first woman mayor.

Golda Meir, former Prime Minister of Israel, died.

Vietnam launched a major offensive against the Khmer Rouge of Cambodia.

The Constitution of Spain is approved in a referendum, officially ending 40 years of military dictatorship..

Guess you can somewhat officially call them 'snot-nosed kids'. Some of the folks born in 1978:

Chad Ocho Cinco, football player; Ashton Kutcher, actor; Jensen Ackles, actor; Nate Silver, statistician; James Franco, actor; Bill Hader, actor (Saturday Night Live); Josh Hartnett, actor; Kobe Bryant, basketball player; Usher Raymond IV, singer and actor; Matthew Morrison, actor and singer; Jesse Metcalfe, actor; Katie Holmes, actress.





Star Trek: The Motion Picture, ESPN premiers, 1979 International Year of the Child, Iran hostage crisis, Michael Jackson releases his album Off the Wall, "Heart of Glass", the "Y.M.C.A. dance", Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returns to Tehran, Iran, "Pop Muzik", "I Will Survive"


Conrad Hilton, American hotelier died.

United Nations Secretary General Kurt Waldheim heralds the start of the International Year of the Child. Many musicians donate to the Music for UNICEF Concert fund including ABBA, who wrote the song "Chiquitita" to commemorate the event.

Donny Hathaway, African-American musician (Where Is The Love?) died.

The United States and the People's Republic of China establish full diplomatic relations.

The State of Ohio agrees to pay $675,000 to families of the dead and injured in the Kent State shootings.

The Music for UNICEF Concert is held at the United Nations General Assembly to raise money for UNICEF and promote the Year of the Child. It is broadcast the following day in the United States and around the world. Hosted by The Bee Gees, other performers include Donna Summer, ABBA, Rod Stewart and Earth, Wind & Fire. A soundtrack album is later released.

Jack Soo, Japanese-American actor died.

Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi of Iran flees Iran with his family, relocating to Egypt after a year of turmoil.

Ted Cassidy, actor (Lurch The Addams Family) died.

Former U.S. Attorney General John N. Mitchell is released on parole after 19 months at a federal prison in Alabama.

Nelson Rockefeller, Governor of New York, Vice President of the United States died.

Brenda Ann Spencer opens fire at a school in San Diego, California, killing two faculty members and wounding eight students. Her justification for the action, "I don't like Mondays," inspired the Boomtown Rats to make a song of the same name.


Convicted bank robber Patty Hearst is released from prison after her sentence is commuted by U.S. President Jimmy Carter.

Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returns to Tehran, Iran after nearly 15 years of exile.

Former Sex Pistols bassist Sid Vicious is found dead aged 21 of a heroin overdose in New York City, the day after being released from a 55-day sentence at Rikers Island prison on bail.

Khomeini creates the Council of the Islamic Revolution.

Supporters of Khomeini take over the Iranian law enforcement, courts and government administration; the final session of the Iranian National Consultative Assembly is held.

Pluto moves inside Neptune's orbit for the first time since either was known to science.

The Iranian army mutinies and joins the Islamic Revolution. Khomeini seizes power in Iran, overthrowing Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi.

Josef Mengele, German Nazi war criminal died.

The annual Mardi Gras celebration in New Orleans, Louisiana is canceled due to a strike called by the New Orleans Police Department.


Philips demonstrates Compact Disc publicly for the first time.

Emmett Kelly, professional clown died.

The first fully functional space shuttle orbiter, Columbia, is delivered to the John F. Kennedy Space Center, to be prepared for its first launch.

In a ceremony at the White House, President Anwar Sadat of Egypt and Prime Minister Menachem Begin of Israel sign a peace treaty.


Iran's government becomes an Islamic Republic by a 98% vote, overthrowing the Shah officially.

Edgar Buchanan, actor (Uncle Joe Petticoat Junction) died.

The Pinwheel Network changes its name to Nickelodeon and begins airing on various Warner Cable systems beginning in Buffalo, New York, expanding its audience reach.

President Jimmy Carter is attacked by a swamp rabbit while fishing in his hometown of Plains, Georgia.

Nino Rota, Italian composer died.

The Albert Einstein Memorial is unveiled at The National Academy of Sciences in Washington, DC.


Mary Pickford, Canadian actress and studio founder died.

Counting in the previous day's British general election shows that the Conservatives have won and Margaret Thatcher becomes the country's first female prime minister.

A Unabomber bomb injures Northwestern University graduate student John Harris.

After Dan White receives a light sentence for killing San Francisco Mayor George Moscone and Supervisor Harvey Milk, gay men in the city riot.

The Montréal Canadiens defeat the New York Rangers 4 games to 1 in the best-of-seven series, winning the Stanley Cup.

American Airlines Flight 191: In Chicago, a DC-10 crashes during takeoff at O'Hare International Airport, killing all 271 on board and two people on the ground in the deadliest aviation accident in U. S. history.


John Wayne, actor died.

McDonald's introduces the Happy Meal.

Pope John Paul II arrives in his native Poland on his first official, nine-day stay, becoming the first Pope to visit a Communist country. This visit, known as nine days that changed the world, brought about the solidarity of the Polish peoples against communism, ultimately leading to the rise of the Solidarity movement.

Jack Haley, actor died.

A blowout at the Ixtoc I oil well in the southern Gulf of Mexico causes at least 600,000 tons (176,400,000 gallons) of oil to be spilled into the waters, the worst oil spill to date. Some estimate the spill to be 428 million gallons, making it the largest unintentional oil spill until it was surpassed by the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in 2010.

Jim Hutton, actor died.

Joe Clark becomes Canada's 16th and youngest Prime Minister.


NASA's first orbiting space station Skylab begins its return to Earth, after being in orbit for 6 years and 2 months.

Minnie Riperton, R&B singer ("Lovin' You") died.

The Sony Walkman goes on sale for the first time in Japan.

U.S. President Jimmy Carter signs the first directive for secret aid to the opponents of the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul.

Bill Todman, game show producer died.

A Disco Demolition Night publicity stunt goes awry at Comiskey Park, forcing the Chicago White Sox to forfeit their game against the Detroit Tigers.

Carmine Galante, boss of the Bonanno crime family, is assassinated in Brooklyn.


Stan Kenton, jazz pianist died.

Raymond Washington, co-founder of the Crips, today one of the largest, most notorious gangs in the United States, is killed in a drive-by shooting in Los Angeles.

Alvin Karpis, last of America's depression era criminals died.

Thurman Munson, baseball player died.

Michael Jackson releases his breakthrough album Off the Wall. It sells 7 million copies in the United States alone, making it a 7x platinum album.

Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, British Viceroy of India assassinated.

Vivian Vance, actress died.


The first cable sports channel, ESPN, known as the Entertainment Sports Programming Network, is launched.

Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah, King of Malaysia died.

The comic strip For Better or For Worse begins its run.

Hurricane Frederic makes landfall on Alabama's Gulf Coast.


Pope John Paul II visits the United States.

The Pittsburgh Pirates defeat the Baltimore Orioles in Game 7 of the World Series.

Park Chung-hee, the President of South Korea, is assassinated by KCIA director Kim Jaegyu.


Mamie Eisenhower, former First Lady of the United States died.

Iranian Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini urges his people to demonstrate on November 4 and to expand attacks on United States and Israeli interests.

U.S. Senator Edward Moore Kennedy announces that he will challenge President Jimmy Carter for the 1980 Democratic presidential nomination.

Al Capp, cartoonist died.

3,000 Iranian radicals, mostly students, invade the U.S. Embassy in Tehran and take 90 hostages (53 of whom are American). They demand that the United States send the former Shah of Iran back to stand trial.

U.S. President Jimmy Carter issues Executive Order 12170, freezing all Iranian assets in the United States and U.S. banks in response to the hostage crisis.

Zeppo Marx, actor and comedian died.

Air New Zealand Flight 901: an Air New Zealand DC-10 crashes into Mount Erebus in Antarctica on a sightseeing trip, killing all 257 people on board.


Richard Rodgers, composer died.

The Soviet Union invades Afghanistan.

The eradication of the smallpox virus is certified, making smallpox the first and to date only human disease driven to extinction.

Peggy Guggenheim, art collector died.

The world premiere of Star Trek: The Motion Picture is held at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C.

Joan Blondell, actress died.

Eleven fans are killed during a crowd crush for unreserved seats before The Who rock concert at the Riverfront Coliseum in Cincinnati, Ohio.

Darryl F. Zanuck, film producer died.

Some people born in 1979 (sigh)

Jennifer Love Hewitt, American actress and singer; Adam Levine, American singer; Norah Jones, American musician; Heath Ledger, Australian actor; Kate Hudson, American actress; Kourtney Kardashian, American reality television star; Lance Bass, American singer ; Pink, American singer; Brandon Routh, American actor; Rider Strong, American Actor







Airplane!; Coal Miner's Daughter ; 9 to 5; The Empire Strikes Back; Ordinary People; The Elephant Man; Smokey and the Bandit II; Any Which Way You Can; Private Benjamin; Stir Crazy and The Blue Lagoon were released.

"They're not gonna catch us. We're on a mission from God. "[The Blues Brothers]

The Screen Actors Guild (S.A.G.) Emmy awards boycott

A Day In Hollywood, A Night In The Ukraine; 42nd Street ; Richard Burton revives "Camelot."; Whose Life is it Anyway? and Talley's Folly were on Broadway [On Golden Pond closed]

On TV:Barney Miller; MASH; Beat the Clock (The All New Beat the Clock); Dallas; Are You Being Served? ''Uncle Walter'' Cronkite announces his retirement; The Cable News Network (CNN) begins broadcasting; The David Letterman Show debuts on NBC; The Facts of Life; Solid Gold; That's Incredible! ; Magnum, P.I. ; Bosom Buddies and The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson [The soap opera Love of Life airs its last episode]

'Who shot J.R.?'


President Jimmy Carter proclaims a grain embargo against the USSR.

Jimmy Durante, American actor, singer, and comedian died.

The president of Sicily, Piersanti Mattarella, is killed by the Mafia.

William O. Douglas, American Supreme Court Justice died.

President Jimmy Carter signs legislation approving $1.5 billion in loan guarantees to bail out the Chrysler Corporation.

George Meany, American labor leader died.

The Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific railroad is ordered liquidated due to bankruptcy, and debt owed to creditors.

Andre Kostelanetz, Russian-born conductor and arranger died.

Israel and Egypt establish diplomatic relations.


David Janssen, American actor died.

Abscam: FBI personnel target members of the Congress of the United States in a sting operation.

The 1980 Winter Olympics open in Lake Placid, New York.

The United States Olympic Hockey Team defeats the Soviet Union in the semifinals of the Winter Olympics, in the Miracle on Ice.


Vladimir Holan, Czech poet died.

Mafioso Angelo Bruno is murdered in Philadelphia.

Pierre Trudeau returns to office as Prime Minister of Canada.

Jesse Owens, African-American athlete died.

President Jimmy Carter announces that the United States will boycott the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow.

Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad operates its final train.


The United States severs diplomatic relations with Iran and imposes economic sanctions.

Raymond Bailey (Milburn Drysdale [Beverly Hillbillies]), American actor died.

Rosie Ruiz wins the Boston Marathon, but is later exposed as a fraud and stripped of her award.

Jean-Paul Sartre, French philosopher and writer died.

Pennsylvania Lottery Scandal: the Pennsylvania Lottery is rigged by 6 men including the host of the live TV drawing, Nick Perry.

Alfred Hitchcock, British suspense film director died.

Operation Eagle Claw, a commando mission in Iran to rescue American embassy hostages, is aborted after mechanical problems ground the rescue helicopters. Eight United States troops are killed in a mid-air collision during the failed operation.


Mount St. Helens erupts in Washington, killing 57 and causing US$3 billion in damage.

Lillian Roth, American actress died.

Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back is released.

Vernon Jordan is shot and critically injured in an assassination attempt (the first major news story for CNN).


The first 24 hour news channel Cable News Network (CNN) is launched.

A series of deadly tornadoes strikes Grand Island, Nebraska, causing over $300m in damage, killing 5 people and injuring over 250.

In Los Angeles, comedian Richard Pryor is badly burned trying to freebase cocaine.

The African National Congress publishes a statement by their imprisoned leader Nelson Mandela.

Milburn Stone (Dr. Adams [Gunsmoke]), American actor died.

Tim Berners-Lee begins work on ENQUIRE, the system that would eventually lead to the creation of the World Wide Web in fall of 1990.

A Muslim Brotherhood assassination attempt against Syrian president Hafez al-Assad fails. Assad retaliates by sending the army against them.


Peter Sellers, English comedian and actor died.

Former California Governor and actor Ronald Reagan is nominated for U.S. President, at the 1980 Republican National Convention in Detroit, Michigan. Influenced by the Religious Right, the convention also drops its long standing support for the Equal Rights Amendment, dismaying moderate Republicans.

Dore Schary, American film writer, director, and producer died.

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, deposed Shah of Iran, dies in Cairo.


Gower Champion, American theatre director, choreographer, and dancer died.

Lech Walesa leads the first of many strikes at the Gdansk Shipyard.

Hurricane Allen (category 3) pounds southeastern Texas.

Strother Martin ("What we got here is... failure to communicate."), American actor died.

President Jimmy Carter defeats Senator Edward Kennedy to win renomination, at the 1980 Democratic National Convention in New York City.

In Australia, baby Azaria Chamberlain disappears from a campsite at Ayers Rock, reportedly taken by a dingo. ("Dingo took my baby!")


The Washington Post publishes Janet Cooke's story of Jimmy, an 8-year-old heroin addict (later proven to be fabricated).

Jazz pianist Bill Evans died.

Former President of Nicaragua Anastasio Somoza Debayle passed away.

The command council of Iraq orders its army to "deliver its fatal blow on Iranian military targets," initiating the Iran-Iraq War.

Organist Virgil Fox died.


The Police release their third studio album, Zenyatta Mondatta.

John Bonham, drummer for Led Zeppelin died.

British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher delivers her famous "The lady's not for turning" speech.

Actor Billie Thomas, best known as Buckwheat in the Our Gang series died.

James Hoskins forces his way into WCPO's television studio in Cincinnati, holding 9 employees hostage for several hours before releasing them and taking his own life.

Hans Asperger, the Austrian pediatrician after whom Asperger syndrome is named, passed away.

World Series. The Philadelphia Phillies beat the Kansas City Royals 4-2 in game 6.

Six Provisional Irish Republican Army prisoners in Maze prison refuse food and demand status as political prisoners; the hunger strike lasts until December.


Actress Mae West died.

United States presidential election, 1980: Republican challenger and former Governor Ronald Reagan of California defeats incumbent Democratic President Jimmy Carter, exactly 1 year after the beginning of the Iran hostage crisis.

Actor George Raft died.

A fire at the MGM Grand Hotel and Casino on the Las Vegas Strip kills 85 people.

Actor Steve McQueen died.

A then-record number of viewers (for an entertainment program) tune into the U.S. soap opera Dallas to learn who shot lead character J. R. Ewing. The "Who shot J. R.?" event is an international obsession.


Karl Donitz, German admiral and briefly President of WWII Germany passed away.

Former Beatles member John Lennon is shot dead outside his home in New York.

During a summit on the island of Bali, OPEC decides to raise the price of petroleum by 10%.

Colonel Harland Sanders, founder of KFC, died.

Born in 1980 (mutter, mutter):
Jason Segel, American actor; Nick Carter, American pop singer; Wilmer Valderrama [Fez]; Matthew Lawrence, American actor; Chelsea Clinton; Tayshaun Prince, American basketball player; Channing Tatum, American actor and model; Venus Williams, American tennis player; Michael Vick, American football player; Michelle Kwan, American figure skater; Jessica Simpson, American singer; Kristen Bell, American actress; Yao Ming, Chinese basketball player; Ben Savage, American actor ; Kim Kardashian, American socialite and television personality; Ryan Gosling, Canadian actor; Christina Aguilera, American singer; Jake Gyllenhaal, American actor





Iran hostage crisis ends, Iran-Contra scandal, the European Community, Provisional Irish Republican Army, President Ronald Reagan is shot, Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Pope John Paul II is shot, the Yorkshire Ripper, the first recognized cases of AIDS, Sandra Day O'Connor, Donkey Kong is released, skywalks collapse at the Hyatt Regency Hotel in Kansas City, MTV (Music Television) is launched, Major League Baseball strike, Stars On 45, Wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Lady Diana Spencer, Mark David Chapman is sentenced for murdering John Lennon, Egyptian president Anwar Sadat is assassinated , Luke and Laura marry on General Hospital , Muhammad Ali loses to Trevor Berbick [Ali's last-ever fight]


Greece enters the European Community, which later becomes the European Union.

United States and Iranian officials sign an agreement to release 52 American hostages after 14 months of captivity.

Iran releases the 52 Americans held for 444 days within minutes of Ronald Reagan succeeding Jimmy Carter as the President of the United States, ending the Iran hostage crisis.

Aerosmith lead singer Steven Tyler is injured in a motorcycle crash that leaves him hospitalized for two months.

The first DeLorean DMC-12 automobile, a stainless steel sports car with gull-wing doors, rolls off the production line in Dunmurry, Northern Ireland.


Polish Prime Minister Jozef Pinkowski resigns and is replaced by General Wojciech Jaruzelski.

Billy Idol leaves the band Generation X to begin a solo career.


Bobby Sands, Provisional Irish Republican Army volunteer and elected member of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, dies aged 27 while on hunger strike in HM Prison Maze.

Chilean military dictator Augusto Pinochet is sworn in as President of Chile for another 8-year term.

Suffering from bleeding ulcers, Eric Clapton is admitted to United Hospital in Saint Paul, Minnesota. Clapton's 60-city tour of the US is cancelled, and he remains in hospital for a month.

U.S. President Ronald Reagan is shot in the chest outside a Washington, D.C. hotel by John Hinckley, Jr. Two police officers and Press Secretary James Brady are also wounded.


Van Halen's lead guitarist Eddie Van Halen marries actress Valerie Bertinelli.

A Minor League Baseball game between the Rochester Red Wings and the Pawtucket Red Sox at McCoy Stadium in Pawtucket, Rhode Island, becomes the longest professional baseball game in history: 8 hours and 25 minutes/33 innings (the 33rd inning is not played until June 23).

Yes announce that they are breaking up. (They would reunite frequently in years to come).

French presidential election: A first-round runoff results between Valery Giscard d'Estaing and Francois Mitterrand.

The Mamas & the Papas' John Phillips is sentenced to five years in jail after pleading guilty to drug possession charges. Phillips' sentence would be suspended after thirty days in exchange for 250 hours of community service.


British vocalist Sheena Easton hits No. 1 in the US with "Morning Train (9 to 5)" following a swift rise to fame as the result of a reality TV show.

A jury of architects and sculptors unanimously selects Maya Lin's design for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial from 1,421 other entries.

Pope John Paul II is shot and nearly killed by Mehmet Ali Agca, a Turkish gunman, as he enters St. Peter's Square in Vatican City to address a general audience.

Donna Payant is murdered by serial killer Lemuel Smith, the first time a female prison officer has been killed on-duty in the United States.

In France, Socialist Francois Mitterrand becomes President.

Peter Sutcliffe is found guilty of being the Yorkshire Ripper. He is sentenced to life imprisonment on 13 counts of murder and 7 of attempted murder.


The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that 5 homosexual men in Los Angeles, California have a rare form of pneumonia seen only in patients with weakened immune systems (the first recognized cases of AIDS).

Jerry Lee Lewis is rushed to hospital in Memphis for emergency surgery for a tear in his stomach. Despite being given less than a 50% chance of survival, he eventually pulls through.


President Ronald Reagan nominates the first woman, Sandra Day O'Connor, to the Supreme Court of the United States.

Irish Republican Joe McDonnell dies at the Long Kesh Internment Camp after a 61-day hunger strike.

Donkey Kong is released, marking the first Donkey Kong title and Mario title arcade smash hit game developed by Nintendo.

Two skywalks filled with people at the Hyatt Regency Hotel in Kansas City, Missouri collapse into a crowded atrium lobby, killing 114.

A worldwide television audience of over 700 million people watched the Wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Lady Diana Spencer at St Paul's Cathedral in London.


The first 24-hour video music channel MTV (Music Television) is launched.

Major League Baseball resumes from the strike with the All-Star Game in Cleveland's Municipal Stadium.

The original Model 5150 IBM PC (with a 4.77 MHz Intel 8088 processor) is released in the United States at a base price of $1,565.

The success of Stars On 45 leads to a short-lived medley craze. The most successful imitator of the Stars On 45 format is, rather unexpectedly, the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra whose "Hooked On Classics (Parts 1&2)" reaches number two in the charts.

Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi sends two Sukhoi Su-22 fighter jets to intercept two U.S. fighters over the Gulf of Sidra. The American jets destroy the Libyan fighters.

Mark David Chapman is sentenced to 20 years to life in prison, after being convicted of murdering John Lennon in Manhattan 8 months earlier.

A bomb explodes at the U.S. Air Force base in Ramstein, West Germany, injuring 20 people.


Ric Flair defeats Dusty Rhodes to win his first World Heavyweight Wrestling Championship in Kansas City.

Simon & Garfunkel perform The Concert in Central Park, a free concert in New York in front of approximately half a million people.


The Police released Ghost In The Machine.

Egyptian president Anwar Sadat is assassinated during a parade by army members who belong to the Egyptian Islamic Jihad organization; they opposed his negotiations with Israel.

Vice President Hosni Mubarak is elected President of Egypt 1 week after Anwar Sadat's assassination.


Luke and Laura marry on the U.S. soap opera General Hospital; it is the highest-rated hour in daytime television history.

U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs the top secret National Security Decision Directive 17 (NSDD-17), authorizing the Central Intelligence Agency to recruit and support Contra rebels in Nicaragua.


Muhammad Ali loses to Trevor Berbick; this proved to be Ali's last-ever fight.

The first American test-tube baby, Elizabeth Jordan Carr, is born in Norfolk, Virginia.

Born in 1981 (oh, just shoot me now)
Eli Manning, American football player , Elijah Wood, American actor, Justin Timberlake, American musician, Joseph Gordon-Levitt, American actor, Paris Hilton, American model, heiress, and socialite, Josh Groban, American singer, Hayden Christensen, Canadian actor, Jessica Alba, American actress, Natalie Portman, Israeli-born actress, Chris Evans, American actor, Roger Federer, Swiss tennis player, Benjamin Barnes, English actor, Chad Michael Murray, American actor, Beyonce Knowles, American actress and R&B singer (Destiny's Child), Jennifer Hudson, American singer and actress, Serena Williams, American tennis player, Barbara Pierce Bush and Jenna Bush, twin daughters of U.S. President George W. Bush, Britney Spears, American singer and entertainer





People's Republic of China the first nation to have a population of more than 1 billion; gasoline prices collapse; Seattle is officially nicknamed the Emerald City; the Toyota Camry is introduced; Barney Clark/artificial heart; "Christmas Eve Blizzard of '82"; Time magazine's Man of the Year---the computer; Leonid Brezhnev dies; Yuri Andropov; Vietnam Veterans Memorial dedicated; Lech Wałesa; Poland's Solidarity movement; Minneapolis Thanksgiving Day fire; Michael Jackson releases Thriller; Chicago Tylenol murders; first compact discs (CDs) released to the public; Lawn Chair Larry; Sun Myung Moon; Provisional IRA; Vic Morrow; Equal Rights Amendment fails; Falklands War; Satchel Paige; Ronald Reagan; The Weather Channel debuts; Unabomber; Pope John Paul II; Bijon Setu massacre; Claus von Bulow; John Belushi dies; Commodore 64; Margaret Thatcher; first computer virus, the Elk Cloner; Hama massacre; Hafez al-Assad; Muslim Brotherhood


The Commodore 64 8-bit home computer is launched by Commodore International in Las Vegas (released in August); it becomes the all-time best-selling single personal computer model.

Reta Shaw, American actress dies.

AT&T Corporation agrees to divest itself into 22 subdivisions.

The lowest ever United Kingdom temperature of -27.2 °C (-17.0 °F) is recorded at Braemar, in Aberdeenshire. This equals the record set in the same place in 1895 (the record is equalled again at Altnaharra in 1995).

Victor Buono, American actor dies.

Mark Thatcher, son of British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, disappears in the Sahara during the Dakar Rally; he is rescued January 14.

A brutal cold snap sends temperatures to all-time record lows in dozens of cities throughout the Midwestern United States.

Shortly after takeoff, Air Florida Flight 90 crashes into Washington, D.C.'s 14th Street Bridge and falls into the Potomac River, killing 78. On the same day, a Washington Metro train derails to the north, killing 3 (the system's first fatal accident).

1982 Thunderbirds Indian Springs Diamond Crash: Four Northrop T-38 aircraft of the United States Air Force Thunderbirds Demonstration Squadron crash at Indian Springs Air Force Auxiliary Field, Nevada, killing all 4 pilots.

United States Army Brigadier General James L. Dozier is rescued by the Italian anti-terrorism Nucleo Operativo Centrale di Sicurezza (NOCS) force after being held captive for 42 days by the Red Brigades.

Hans Conreid, American actor dies.

The first computer virus, the Elk Cloner, written by 15-year old Rich Skrenta, is found in the wild. It infects Apple II computers via floppy disk.


The Hama massacre begins in Syria.

Lee Strasberg, American actor and acting coach dies.

Syrian president Hafez al-Assad orders the army to purge the city of Harran of the Muslim Brotherhood.

London-based Laker Airways collapses, leaving 6,000 stranded passengers and debts of $270 million.

Paul Lynde, American actor dies.

The oil platform Ocean Ranger sinks during a storm off the coast of Newfoundland, killing all 84 rig workers aboard.

The DeLorean Motor Company Car Factory in Belfast is put into receivership.

Thelonious Monk, American jazz pianist dies.

In South Africa, 22 National Party MPs led by Andries Treurnicht vote for no confidence in P. W. Botha.

The European Court of Human Rights rules that teachers who cane, belt or tase children against the wishes of their parents are in breach of the Human Rights Convention.

Victor Jory, Canadian actor dies.

Atlanta murders of 1979-1981: Wayne Williams is convicted of murdering 2 adult men and is sentenced to two consecutive life terms.


The United States places an embargo on Libyan oil imports, alleging Libyan support for terrorist groups.

Carl Orff, German composer dies.

In Newport, Rhode Island, Claus von Bulow is found guilty of the attempted murder of his wife.

John Belushi, American actor dies.

A ground-breaking ceremony for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial is held in Washington, D.C.

Ayn Rand, Russian-born writer dies.

The 54th Academy Awards, hosted by Johnny Carson, are held at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles, California. Chariots of Fire wins Best Picture and 3 other Academy Awards.


The Falklands War begins: Argentina invades and occupies the Falkland Islands.

Argentina's Invasion of South Georgia takes place.

Abe Fortas, U.S. Supreme Court Justice dies.

A blizzard unprecedented in size for April dumps 1-2 feet of snow on the northeastern United States, closing schools and businesses, snarling traffic, and canceling several major league baseball games.

Warren Oates, American actor dies.

Israel completes its withdrawal from the Sinai Peninsula in accordance with the Egyptian–Israeli Peace Treaty of 1979.

Falklands War: British troops retake South Georgia during Operation Paraquet.

The Bijon Setu massacre takes place in India.


A crowd of over 100,000 attends the first day of the 1982 World's Fair in Knoxville, Tennessee, which is kicked off with an address by President Ronald Reagan. Over 11 million people attend during its 6-month run.

Falklands War: The nuclear submarine HMS Conqueror sinks the Argentine cruiser General Belgrano, killing 323 sailors. Operation Algeciras, an attempt to destroy a Royal Navy warship in Gibraltar, fails.

The Weather Channel airs on cable television for the first time.

Falklands War: HMS Sheffield is hit by an Exocet missile, and burns out of control; 20 sailors are killed. The ship sinks on May 10.

A Unabomber bomb explodes in the computer science department at Vanderbilt University; secretary Janet Smith is injured.

Spanish priest Juan Maria Fernandez y Krohn tries to stab Pope John Paul II with a bayonet during the latter's pilgrimage to the shrine at Fatima.

Braniff International Airways is declared bankrupt and ceases all flights.

Falklands War: The British Special Air Services launch an operation to destroy three Argentinean Exocet missiles and five Super Étendard fighter-bombers in mainland Argentina. It fails when the Argentineans discover about the plot.

Hugh Beaumont, American actor dies.

Falklands War: British landings spark the Battle of San Carlos.

Falklands War: HMS Ardent is sunk by Argentine aircraft, killing 22 sailors.

Falklands War: HMS Antelope is lost.

KGB head Yuri Andropov is appointed to the Secretariat of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

British ships HMS Coventry and SS Atlantic Conveyor are sunk during the Falklands War; Coventry by two A-4C Skyhawks and the latter sunk by an Exocet.

Conservative candidate Tim Smith holds the seat of Beaconsfield in a by-election. The Labour Party candidate is future Prime Minister Tony Blair.

Pope John Paul II's visit to the United Kingdom, the first by a reigning pope, begins.

Falklands War: Battle of Goose Green: British forces defeat a larger Argentine force.

Spain becomes the 16th member of NATO and the first nation to enter the alliance since West Germany's admission in 1955.

Indianapolis 500: In what Indianapolis Motor Speedway historian Donald Davidson and Speedway public address announcer Tom Carnegie later call the greatest moment in the track's history, 1973 winner Gordon Johncock wins his second race over 1979 winner Rick Mears by 0.16 seconds, the closest finish to this date, after Mears draws alongside Johncock with a lap remaining, after erasing a seemingly insurmountable advantage of more than 11 seconds in the final 10 laps.

Cal Ripken, Jr. plays the first of what eventually becomes his record-breaking streak of 2,632 consecutive Major League Baseball games.


The 1982 Lebanon War begins: Forces under Israeli Defense Minister Ariel Sharon invade southern Lebanon in their "Operation Peace for the Galilee," eventually reaching as far north as the capital Beirut.

The United Nations Security Council votes to demand that Israel withdraw its troops from Lebanon.

President Ronald Reagan becomes the first American chief executive to address a joint session of the British Parliament.

Satchel Paige, American Negro Leagues baseball player dies.

Falklands War: British RFA Sir Galahad is destroyed during the Bluff Cove Air Attacks.

A rally against nuclear weapons draws 750,000 to New York City's Central Park. Jackson Browne, James Taylor, Bruce Springsteen, and Linda Ronstadt attend. An international convocation at The Cathedral of St. John the Divine features prominent peace activists from around the world and afterward participants march on Fifth Avenue to Central Park for the rally.

Fahd becomes King of Saudi Arabia upon the death of his brother, Khalid.

The Falklands War ends: Formal surrender of Argentine forces, and liberation of the Falkland Islanders.

Argentine military dictator Leopoldo Galtieri resigns, in the wake of his country's defeat in the Falklands War.

Prince William is born at St Mary's Hospital in Paddington, West London.

The Equal Rights Amendment falls short of the 38 states needed to pass; Phyllis Schlafly and other leaders of the Christian right take credit for its defeat.


Larry Walters, a.k.a. Lawn Chair Larry, flies 16,000 feet (4,900 m) above Long Beach, California, in a lawn chair with weather balloons attached.

Dave Garroway, American television host dies.

A lunar eclipse (umbral duration 236 min and total duration 106 min, the longest of the 20th century) occurs.

In New York City, the Reverend Sun Myung Moon is sentenced to 18 months in prison and fined $25,000 for tax fraud and conspiracy to obstruct justice.

Vladimir Zworykin, Russian-born inventor dies.

The Provisional IRA detonates 2 bombs in central London, killing 8 soldiers, wounding 47 people, and leading to the deaths of 7 horses.

On a movie set, the Twilight Zone; actor Vic Morrow and 2 child actors die in a helicopter stunt accident.


Henry Fonda, American actor dies.

The first compact discs (CDs) are released to the public in Germany.

Ingrid Bergman, Swedish actress dies.


The first International Day of Peace is proclaimed by the United Nations.

Grace Kelly, American actress and Princess of Monaco dies.

The 1982 Chicago Tylenol murders occur when 7 people in the Chicago area die after ingesting capsules laced with potassium cyanide.


Helmut Kohl replaces Helmut Schmidt as Chancellor of Germany through a constructive vote of no confidence.

In Orlando, Florida, Walt Disney World opens the second largest theme park, EPCOT Center, to the public for the first time.

Sony launches the first consumer compact disc (CD) player (model CDP-101).

Fernando Lamas, Argentine-born actor dies.

Poland bans Solidarity after having suspended it on 13 December 1981.

The Mary Rose, flagship of Henry VIII of England that sank in 1545, is raised from the Solent.

John De Lorean is arrested for selling cocaine to undercover FBI agents (he is later found not guilty due to entrapment).

World Series: The St. Louis Cardinals defeat the Milwaukee Brewers 6-3 in game 7.

In Canada, Dominion Day is officially renamed Canada Day.

Bess Truman, former First Lady of the United States dies.

The Socialist Party wins the election in Spain; Felipe González is elected Prime Minister.


The Dow Jones Industrial Average surges 43.41 points, or 4.25%, to close at 1,065.49, its first all-time high in more than 9 years. It last hit a record on January 11, 1973 when the average closed at 1,051.70. The points gain is the biggest ever up to this point.

Leonid Brezhnev, Leader of the Soviet Union dies.

In the Soviet Union, former KGB head Yuri Andropov is selected to become the general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party's Central Committee, succeeding the late Leonid I. Brezhnev.

Grady Nutt, American humorist dies.

The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C., after a march to its site by thousands of Vietnam War veterans.

James Broderick, American actor dies.

The leader of Poland's outlawed Solidarity movement, Lech Wałesa, is released from 11 months of internment near the Soviet border.

University of California, Berkeley executes "The Play" in a college football game against Stanford. Completing a wacky 57 yard kickoff return that includes 5laterals, Kevin Moen runs through Stanford band members who had prematurely come onto the field. His touchdown stands and California wins 25-20.

The Minneapolis Thanksgiving Day fire destroys an entire city block of downtown Minneapolis, including the headquarters of Northwestern National Bank.

King Vidor, American film director dies.

Michael Jackson releases Thriller, the biggest selling album of all time.


At the University of Utah, 61 year old retired dentist Barney Clark becomes the first person to receive a permanent artificial heart (he lives for 112 days with the device).

Marty Robbins, American singer dies.

A final soil sample is taken from the site of Times Beach, Missouri. It is found to contain 300 times the safe level of dioxin.

Artur Rubinstein, Polish-born pianist and conductor dies.

The first U.S. execution by lethal injection is carried out in Texas.

Pop group ABBA make their final public performance on the British TV program The Late, Late Breakfast Show.

The "Christmas Eve Blizzard of '82" hits Denver.

Jack Webb, American actor dies.

Time magazine's Man of the Year is given for the first time to a non-human, the computer.

born in 1982

Gilbert Arenas, American basketball player; Adam Lambert, American singer; Ben Roethlisberger, American football player; Danica Patrick, American race car driver; Kelly Clarkson, American singer; Kirsten Dunst, American actress; Drew Seeley, Canadian actor; Cory Monteith, Canadian actor (d. 2013); Apolo Anton Ohno, American short track speed skater; Tara Lipinski, American figure skater; Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, British prince and son of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Diana, Princess of Wales; Shin-Soo Choo, Korean baseball player; Jared Padalecki, American actor; LeAnn Rimes, American country singer; Andy Roddick, American tennis player; Lil Wayne, African-American rapper; Emeka Okafor, American basketball player; Anne Hathaway, American actress; Damon Wayans, Jr., African-American actor and comedian





Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE) program launched; Flashdance; Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi; Jesse Jackson; The Day After debuts; Provisional IRA; DeLorean Motor Company kaput; Able Archer 83; Martin Luther King, Jr. Day established; Korean Air Lines Flight 007; Vanessa L. Williams; Wheel of Fortune premiers; September 26th, 1983: The day the world almost died; Invasion of Grenada; Red Hot Chili Peppers launch their first self-titled album; Margaret Thatcher; Pioneer 10; Sally Ride; the Famicom; Sri Lankan Civil War; missiles intercept/"Star Wars"; Motown 25 ; the Disney Channel premiers; "Hitler Diaries"; Ronald Reagan; Klaus Barbie arrested; Björn Borg retires; Lotus 1-2-3 ; Times Beach, Missouri; final episode of M*A*S*H.


The migration of the ARPANET to TCP/IP is officially completed (this is considered to be the beginning of the true Internet).

Meyer Lansky, American gangster dies.

Kīlauea begins slowly erupting on the Big Island of Hawaii and is still flowing as of 2014.

Paul "Bear" Bryant, American college football coach dies.

High-ranking Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie is arrested in Bolivia.

Björn Borg retires from tennis after winning 5 consecutive Wimbledon championships.

George Cukor, American film director dies.

Twenty-five members of the Red Brigades are sentenced to life imprisonment for the 1978 murder of Aldo Moro.

Lotus 1-2-3 is released for IBM PC compatible computers.

Doodles Weaver, American comedian and uncle of Sigourney Weaver dies.

Seatbelt use for drivers and front seat passengers becomes mandatory in the United Kingdom.


Klaus Barbie is officially charged with war crimes.

Karen Carpenter, American singer and drummer dies.

Nellie Massacre: Over 2,000 people, mostly Bangladeshi Muslims, are massacred in Assam, India, during the Assam agitation.

Wah Mee massacre: 13 people are killed in an attempted robbery in Seattle, Washington.

Eubie Blake, American musician and songwriter dies.

The United States Environmental Protection Agency announces its intention to buy out and evacuate the dioxin-contaminated community of Times Beach, Missouri.

The automatic shut-down fails at Salem Nuclear Power Plant, New Jersey, USA.

Tennessee Williams, American playwright dies.

The final episode of M*A*S*H is aired and the record of most watched episode is broken.


U.S. President Ronald Reagan makes his initial proposal to develop technology to intercept enemy missiles. The media dub this plan "Star Wars".

Arthur Godfrey, American radio and television broadcaster and entertainer dies.

Motown celebrates its 25th anniversary with the television special Motown 25 , during which Michael Jackson performs "Billie Jean" and introduces the moonwalk.


Earl 'Fatha' Hines, American musician dies.

First flight of the Space Shuttle Challenger.

Buster Crabbe, American actor and athlete dies.

Corrie ten Boom, Dutch resistance fighter dies.

Tokyo Disneyland opens.

George Balanchine, Russian choreographer dies.

The April 1983 U.S. Embassy bombing in Beirut kills 63 people.

Gloria Swanson, American actress dies.

Channel broadcasting is founded by Disney (the Disney Channel).

Muddy Waters, American musician dies.


Stern magazine publishes the "Hitler Diaries" (which are later found to be forgeries).

Sid Daniels, British merchant marine worker, last surviving crewmember of the RMS Titanic dies.

Return of the Jedi opens in theatres.

Jack Dempsey, American heavyweight champion boxer dies.

The Philadelphia 76ers defeat the LA Lakers for the NBA championship.


Britain's Conservative government, led by Margaret Thatcher, is re-elected by a landslide majority.

Charles Phelps Taft II, American politician, son of President William Howard Taft dies.

Pioneer 10 passes the orbit of Neptune, becoming the first man-made object to leave the vicinity of the major planets of the Solar System.

Alberto Ginastera, Argentine composer dies.

Sally Ride becomes the first American woman in space aboard Space Shuttle Challenger on the STS-7 mission.

Mary Livingstone, American comedienne dies.

Throughout the summer, many Midwestern American states are affected by a severe drought that causes water shortages.


Raymond Massey, Canadian actor dies.

Buckminster Fuller, American architect dies.

Nintendo's Family Computer, also known as the Famicom, goes on sale in Japan.

David Niven, English actor dies.

Harry James, American musician and band leader dies.

The government of Poland announces the end of martial law and amnesty for political prisoners.

Howard Dietz, American lyricist dies.

Frank Reynolds, American journalist dies.

The Black July anti-Tamil riots begin in Sri Lanka, killing between 400 and 3,000. Black July is generally regarded as the beginning of the Sri Lankan Civil War.

Lynn Fontanne, British actress dies.


America West Airlines begins operations out of Phoenix, Arizona and Las Vegas, Nevada.

Carolyn Jones, (Morticia Addams ) American actress dies.

Benigno Aquino, Jr., Philippines opposition leader, is assassinated in Manila just as he returns from exile.

Simon Oakland, American actor dies.

The Old Philadelphia Arena is destroyed by arson.


Korean Air Lines Flight 007 is shot down by a Soviet Union Su-15 interceptor near Moneron Island when the commercial aircraft enters Soviet airspace. All 269 on board are killed including U.S. Congressman Larry McDonald.

The Soviet Union admits to shooting down Korean Air Flight 007, stating that the pilots did not know it was a civilian aircraft when it violated Soviet airspace.

Ronald Reagan announces that the Global Positioning System (GPS) will be made available for civilian use.

Larry McDonald, American politician (plane crash – KAL 007 victim) dies.

Vanessa L. Williams becomes the first African-American to be crowned Miss America, in Atlantic City, New Jersey.

U.S. heavy metal band Kiss officially appears in public without makeup for the first time on MTV.

Wheel of Fortune begins its syndicated version, which still churns out new episodes to this very day.

Henry M. "Scoop" Jackson, American politician (aortic aneurysm after giving a news conference condemning the shooting down of KAL 007) dies.

U.S. rock group the Red Hot Chili Peppers launch their first self-titled album.

38 Provisional Irish Republican Army prisoners, armed with 6 handguns, hijack a prison lorry and smash their way out of HM Prison Maze in Northern Ireland, in the largest prison escape since World War II and in British history.

Soviet military officer Stanislav Petrov averts a worldwide nuclear war by correctly identifying a warning of attack by U.S. missiles as a false alarm September 26th, 1983: The day the world almost died.


Neil Kinnock is elected leader of the British Labour Party.

Pat O'Brien, American actor dies.

Simultaneous suicide truck-bombings destroy both the French Army and United States Marine Corps barracks in Beirut, killing 241 U.S. servicemen, 58 French paratroopers and 6 Lebanese civilians.

Invasion of Grenada by United States troops at the behest of Eugenia Charles of Dominica, a member of the Organization of American States.


Martin Luther King, Jr. Day: At the White House Rose Garden, U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs a bill creating a federal holiday on the third Monday of every January to honor American civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr.

Junior Samples, American comedian dies.

Able Archer 83: Many Soviet officials misinterpret this NATO exercise as a nuclear first strike, causing the last nuclear scare of the Cold War.

Chrysler introduces the Dodge Caravan, the first "minivan".

The Reverend Jesse Jackson announces his candidacy for the 1984 Democratic Party presidential nomination.

Ronald Reagan becomes the first U.S. President to address the Diet, Japan's national legislature.

The Day After debuts on ABC.


United States Navy aviator Lt's. Mark Lange and Bobby Goodman are shot down in an A-6 Intruder over Lebanon and captured by Syrians; Lt. Lange dies of his injuries; Lt. Goodman is released 30 days later after the intervention of the Reverend Jesse Jackson.

Slim Pickens, American actor dies.

A Provisional IRA car bomb kills 6 Christmas shoppers and injures 90 outside Harrods in London.

William Demarest, American actor (Uncle Charley) dies.

Pope John Paul II visits Rebibbia prison to forgive his would-be assassin Mehmet Ali Ağca.

born in 1983

Kim Jong-un, Supreme Leader of North Korea; Carrie Underwood, American singer; Mila Kunis, Ukrainian/American actress; Joey Votto, Canadian baseball player (Cincinnati Reds); Amy Winehouse, British singer (d. 2011); Nicky Hilton, American model and socialite; Miranda Lambert, American country music singer





Ronald Reagan , "Minivans", famine in Ethiopia--one million people die in 1984, Cisco Systems is founded, Bhopal disaster/Union Carbide, Assassination of Indira Gandhi, Provisional Irish Republican Army, Margaret Thatcher, Brighton hotel bombing, Milperra massacre, The Sandinista Front, P. W. Botha,Hezbollah, Hong Kong, "We begin bombing in five minutes", John DeLorean, Ferdinand Marcos, Space Shuttle Discovery, Richard Burton dies, Vanessa L.Williams, 1984 Summer Olympics, the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific railroad, Richard Ramírez, Night and Day Concert at Wembley Stadium, Apple Computer/Macintosh personal computer, Bell System break-up, Elizabeth Dole, embryo transfer, Yuri Andropov dies, Konstantin Chernenko, Space Shuttle Challenger, Pierre Trudeau, 1984 Winter Olympics, chemical weapons, Sinn Féin, Gerry Adams, discovery of the AIDS virus, Walter F. Mondale, Machito, first World Youth Day, Count Basie dies, Soviet Union boycotts the 1984 Summer Olympics.


Brooks Atkinson, American theater critic dies.

Bell System in the United States is broken up.

Ray Kroc, American entrepreneur dies.

Robert Goodman and the Reverend Jesse Jackson at the White House, following Lieutenant Goodman's release from Syrian captivity.

Ronald Reagan nominates Elizabeth Dole as U.S. Secretary of Transportation.

Johnny Weissmuller, Austrian-born swimmer and actor dies.

The United States and the Vatican (Holy See) restore full diplomatic relations.

Jackie Wilson passes away after a lengthy coma, aged 49.

Apple Computer places the Macintosh personal computer on sale in the United States.


The first embryo transfer from one woman to another, resulting in a live birth, successfully performed.

Yuri Andropov, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union dies.

Space Shuttle Challenger is launched on the 10th Space Shuttle mission.

The 1984 Winter Olympics are held in Sarajevo, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

Ethel Merman, American singer and actress dies.

Konstantin Chernenko succeeds the late Yuri Andropov as General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

The United States Marine Corps pulls out of Beirut, Lebanon.

Canadian prime minister, Pierre Trudeau, announces his retirement.


Iran accuses Iraq of using chemical weapons; the United Nations condemns their use on March 30.

Jackie Coogan, American actor dies.

Sinn Féin's Gerry Adams and three others are seriously injured in a gun attack by the Ulster Volunteer Force.

William Powell, American actor dies.

Teachers at the McMartin Preschool in Manhattan Beach, California are charged with Satanic ritual abuse of the school children; the charges are later dropped as completely unfounded.


Marvin Gaye is shot to death by his father, one day before his 45th birthday.

President Ronald Reagan calls for an international ban on chemical weapons.

Machito, Cuban singer and musician dies.

The 56th Academy Awards, hosted by Johnny Carson, are held at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion.

Count Basie, American musician and composer dies.

English comedian Tommy Cooper suffers a massive heart attack and dies while live on TV.

Ansel Adams, American photographer dies.

The first World Youth Day gathering is held in Rome, Italy.

David Kennedy, son of Robert F. Kennedy dies.

United States researchers announce their discovery of the AIDS virus.


The Soviet Union announces that it will boycott the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles.

Denis Lortie kills three government employees in the National Assembly of Quebec building.

Jack Barry (game show host) American television host and producer dies.

The Chicago White Sox defeat the Milwaukee Brewers 7-6 in the longest game in Major League Baseball history: 25 innings totaling eight hours, six minutes.

Andy Kaufman, American comedian dies.

An overnight flash flood rages through neighborhoods in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Nearly 15 inches of rain falls in some areas over a four-hour period; 14 people are killed.

Irwin Shaw, American author dies.

Six inmates, including James and Linwood Briley, escape from a death row facility at Mecklenburg Correctional Center, the only occasion this has ever happened in the United States.


William M. Gibbons is released as receiver and trustee of the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific railroad, after all of its debts and creditors are paid off by order of a federal bankruptcy court.

Lillian Hellman, American playwright dies.

A deadly F5 tornado nearly destroys the town of Barneveld, Wisconsin, killing nine people, injuring nearly 200, and causing over $25,000,000 in damage.

Richard Ramírez (the "Night Stalker") murders his first confirmed victim.

Elton John plays the famous Night and Day Concert at Wembley Stadium.


Big Mama Thornton, American singer dies.

Terry Wallis, a 19-year old living in the Ozark Mountains of Arkansas, falls into a deep coma after a severe automobile accident (he will eventually awaken 19 years later in 2003).

George Gallup, American statistician and opinion pollster dies.

In San Ysidro, San Diego, 41-year-old James Oliver Huberty sprays a McDonald's restaurant with gunfire, killing 21 people before being shot and killed himself.

James Mason, British actor dies.

Vanessa L. Williams becomes the first Miss America to resign when she surrenders her crown, after nude photos of her appear in Penthouse magazine.

Fred Waring, American bandleader dies.

The 1984 Summer Olympics are held in Los Angeles, California.


Truman Capote, American writer dies.

President Ronald Reagan, during a voice check for a radio broadcast remarks, "My fellow Americans, I'm pleased to tell you today that I've signed legislation that will outlaw Russia forever. We begin bombing in five minutes".

Richard Burton, Welsh actor dies.

Barefoot South African runner Zola Budd, controversially granted British citizenship earlier in the year, collides with Mary Decker of the U.S. in the Olympic 3000 meters final, neither finishing as medalists.

Richard Deacon (Mel Cooley--Dick Van Dyke Show), American actor dies.

John DeLorean is acquitted of all eight charges of possessing and distributing cocaine.

Alfred A. Knopf, American publisher dies.

Half a million people in Manila demonstrate against the regime of Ferdinand Marcos.

Waite Hoyt, American baseball player dies.

The Space Shuttle Discovery takes off on its maiden voyage.


Seven people are shot and killed and 12 wounded in the Milperra massacre, a shootout between the rival motorcycle gangs Bandidos and Comancheros in Sydney, Australia.

Ernest Tubb, American singer dies.

The Progressive Conservative Party of Canada, led by Brian Mulroney, wins 211 seats in the Canadian House of Commons, forming the largest majority government in Canadian history.

Joe Cronin, American baseball player dies.

The Sandinista Front wins the Nicaraguan general elections.

Janet Gaynor, American Academy Award-winning actress dies.

STS-41-D : the Space Shuttle Discovery lands after its maiden voyage at Edwards Air Force Base in California.

Richard Basehart, American actor dies.

Western Australia becomes the last Australian state to abolish capital punishment.

P. W. Botha is inaugurated as the first executive State President of South Africa.

Walter Pidgeon, Canadian actor dies.

Hezbollah car-bombs the U.S. Embassy annex in Beirut, killing 24 people.

The United Kingdom and the People's Republic of China sign the initial agreement to return Hong Kong to China in 1997.


Walter Alston, American baseball player and manager dies.

The Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA) attempts to assassinate Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and the British Cabinet in the Brighton hotel bombing.

Francois Truffaut, French film director dies.

Assassination of Indira Gandhi: Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi is assassinated by her two Sikh security guards in New Delhi. Anti-Sikh riots break out, leaving 10,000 to 20,000 Sikhs dead in Delhi and surrounding areas with majority populations of Hindus. Rajiv Gandhi becomes Prime Minister of India.


United States presidential election, 1984: Ronald Reagan defeats Walter F. Mondale with 59% of the popular vote, the highest since Richard Nixon's 61% popular vote victory in 1972. . Reagan carries 49 states in the electoral college; Mondale wins only his home state of Minnesota by a mere 3,761 vote margin and the District of Columbia.

Cesar Chavez delivers his speech, "What The Future Holds For Farm Workers And Hispanics", at the Commonwealth Club in San Francisco.


Bhopal disaster: A methyl isocyanate leak from a Union Carbide pesticide plant in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India, kills more than 8,000 people outright and injures over half a million (with more later dying from their injuries the death toll reaches 23,000+) in the worst industrial disaster in history.

Jack Mercer, Voice of Popeye the Sailor dies.

Sri Lankan Civil War: Sri Lankan Army soldiers kill 107-150 civilians in Mannar.

Cisco Systems is founded.

Peter Lawford, English actor dies.

The People's Republic of China and United Kingdom sign the Sino-British Joint Declaration on the future of Hong Kong.

Four African-American youths (Barry Allen, Troy Canty, James Ramseur, and Darrell Cabey) board an express train in the Bronx borough of New York City. They attempt to rob Bernhard Goetz, who shoots them. The event starts a national debate about urban crime in the United States.

Sam Peckinpah, American film director dies.

Born in 1984
Carmelo Anthony, African-American basketball player, Chris Bosh, American basketball player, Ezra Klein, American journalist, blogger and columnist, Prince Fielder, American baseball player, Mark Zuckerberg, American founder and CEO of Facebook, J. J. Redick, American basketball player, Ryan Lochte, American swimmer, Prince Harry, British Prince and son of Charles, Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess of Wales, Kevin Zegers, Canadian actor, Meghan McCain, American author and daughter of Senator John McCain, Katy Perry, American singer and actress, Sasha Cohen, American figure skater, Scarlett Johansson, American actress, LeBron James, American basketball player





John Gotti ; USA for Africa ("We Are the World") and Live Aid raise funds for famine relief in Ethiopia; DNA is first used in a criminal case; the Fall of Communism begins with resistance growing in the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan. Over the next six years, other countries begin abandoning communism, ending with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991; actor Ricky Nelson dies in a plane crash; Pope John Paul II; Gambino crime family; Paul Castellano and Thomas Bilotti murdered; Ronald Reagan; Mikhail Gorbachev; Space Shuttle Atlantis; Achille Lauro; Leon Klinghoffer; Nintendo Entertainment System; wreck of the RMS Titanic (1912) located; Pete Rose becomes the all-time hit leader in Major League Baseball, with his 4,192nd hit; Richard Ramirez,/the Night Stalker captured; Contras; first smoking ban; Back to the Future opens; Christa McAuliffe; Route 66 is officially decommissioned; the ozone hole; New Coke; first 64 team field NCAA Tournament; Terry Anderson is taken hostage in Beirut; WrestleMania debuts; William J. Schroeder


''We Are the World" is recorded by USA for Africa.

U.S. President Ronald Reagan is privately sworn in for a second term in office (publicly sworn in, January 21).

The Internet's Domain Name System is created.


Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., American politician died.

William J. Schroeder becomes the first artificial heart patient to leave hospital.

J. Pat O'Malley, English actor died.

Nelson Mandela rejects an offer of freedom from the South African government.


An 8.0 on the Richter magnitude scale earthquake hits Santiago and Valparaíso, Chile, leaving 177 dead, 2,575 injured, 142,489 houses destroyed, and about a million people homeless.

Konstantin Chernenko, Soviet politician died.

The United States Food and Drug Administration approves a blood test for AIDS, used since then to screen all blood donations in the United States.

Eugene Ormandy, Hungarian conductor died.

Mikhail Gorbachev becomes General Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party and de facto leader of the Soviet Union.

Marc Chagall, Russian-born painter died.

Mohamed Al-Fayed buys the London-based department store company Harrods.

Associated Press reporter Terry Anderson is taken hostage in Beirut (he is released on December 4.

Sir Michael Redgrave, English actor died.

The 57th Academy Awards are held at in Los Angeles, with Amadeus winning Best Picture.

WrestleMania debuts at Madison Square Garden.


Eighth seeded Villanova defeats national powerhouse Georgetown 66-64 to win the first 64 team field NCAA Tournament in Lexington, Kentucky.

Coca-Cola changes its formula and releases New Coke (the response is overwhelmingly negative, and the original formula is back on the market in less than 3 months).

South Africa ends its ban on interracial marriages


Philadelphia Mayor Wilson Goode orders police to storm the radical group MOVE's headquarters to end a stand-off. The police drop an explosive device into the headquarters, killing 11 MOVE members and destroying the homes of 61 city residents in the resulting fire.

President Ronald Reagan joins West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl for a controversial funeral service at a cemetery in Bitburg, West Germany, which includes the graves of 59 elite S.S. troops from World War II.

Selma Diamond, American actress died.

The FBI brings charges against the suspected heads of the 5 Mafia families in New York City.

Forty-one tornadoes hit Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York and Ontario, killing 77.

Scientists of the British Antarctic Survey announce discovery of the ozone hole


The remains of Josef Mengele, the physician notorious for human experimentation on inmates of Auschwitz concentration camp, buried in 1979 under the name of Wolfgang Gerhard, are exhumed in Embu das Artes, Brazil.

Irish police foil a Provisional Irish Republican Army-sponsored 'mainland bombing campaign' which targeted luxury vacation resorts.

Karen Ann Quinlan, American right-to-die cause celebre died.

U.S. Route 66 is officially decommissioned.


Back to the Future opens in American theatres and ends up being the highest grossing film of 1985 in the United States and the first film in the successful franchise.

Live Aid pop concerts in London and Philadelphia raise over £50 million for famine relief in Ethiopia.

U.S. Vice President George H. W. Bush serves as Acting President for 8 hours, while President Ronald Reagan undergoes colon cancer surgery.

Vice President George H. W. Bush announces that New Hampshire teacher Christa McAuliffe will become the first schoolteacher to ride aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger.


The first arms, 96 BGM-71 TOWs, are sent to Iran in exchange for hostages in Lebanon and profits for the Nicaraguan Contras. The public does not know about the arms sale.

Ruth Gordon, American actress died.

The first smoking ban banning smoking in restaurants in the United States is passed in Aspen, Colorado

Richard Ramirez, the serial killer known as the Night Stalker, is captured in Los Angeles.


The wreck of the RMS Titanic (1912) in the North Atlantic is located by a joint American-French expedition led by Dr. Robert Ballard WHOI and Jean-Louis Michel (IFREMER) using side-scan sonar from RV Knorr.

Pete Rose becomes the all-time hit leader in Major League Baseball, with his 4,192nd hit at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati.

Lloyd Nolan, American actor died.

Super Mario Bros. is released for the Nintendo Entertainment System.

Charles Francis Richter, American seismologist and physicist, creator of the Richter magnitude scale died.

An 8.1 Richter scale earthquake strikes Mexico City. Around 10,000 people are killed, 30,000 injured, and 95,000 left homeless.


E. B. White, American writer died.

Rock Hudson, American actor died.

The Israeli air force bombs PLO Headquarters near Tunis.

Nelson Riddle, American bandleader died.

The Space Shuttle Atlantis makes its maiden flight.

Yul Brynner, American actor died.

The cruise ship Achille Lauro is hijacked in the Mediterranean Sea by 4 heavily armed Palestinian terrorists. One passenger, American Leon Klinghoffer, is killed.

Johnny Olson, American game show announcer died.

The first Nintendo home video game console in United States is released as the Nintendo Entertainment System.

Dan White, American politician and murderer (Moscone-Milk assassinations) died.

Orson Welles, American film director died.


In an all-Soviet match, 22-year-old Garry Kasparov defeats Anatoly Karpov to become the youngest-ever undisputed winner of the World Chess Championship

The comic strip Calvin and Hobbes debuts in 35 newspapers in the United States

Phil Silvers, American entertainer died.

In Geneva, U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet for the first time.

Microsoft Corporation releases the first version of Windows, Windows 1.0.

Stepin Fetchit, American actor died.

Ronald Reagan sells the rights to his autobiography to Random House for a record US$3 million


Ricky Nelson, American singer and actor died.

In New York City, Mafia bosses Paul Castellano and Thomas Bilotti are shot dead in front of Spark's Steak House, making hit organizer John Gotti the leader of the powerful Gambino crime family;

Potter Stewart, American Supreme Court Justice died.

Pope John Paul II announces the instituting of World Youth Day for Catholic youths.

Roger Maris, American baseball player died.

If it makes you feel any better, the folks born this year turn the big 3-0 in 2015.

Joe Flacco, American football player; Marc Gasol, Spanish basketball player, Cristiano Ronaldo, Portuguese footballer; David Gallagher; American actor; Joakim Noah, American basketball player; Keira Knightley, English actress; Reggie Bush, American football player; Adrian Peterson, American football player; Sarah Hughes, American figure skater; Kyle Busch, American race car driver; Chris Paul, American basketball player; Derek Hough, American dancer and choreographer; Dave Franco, American television and film actor; Kris Allen, 8th American Idol winner, singer-songwriter; Michael Phelps, American swimmer; Chace Crawford, American actor; Bruno Mars, Filipino American singer-songwriter and music producer; Tyler Hansbrough, American basketball player; Kaley Cuoco, American actress; Dwight Howard, American basketball player




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